History of Early Childhood Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1524

    Martin Luther

    Urged public support of education for all children,to learn how to read. Translated the Bible into their native language, promoted adult literacy and encourage people to think for themselves.
  • John Amos Comenius

    Comenius wrote the first picture book for children. He believed education should begin in the early years and sensory education forms the basis for all learning.
  • John Locke

    Locke felt children were born as blank tablets and their experiences shaped and formed their education. He also believed learning should begin early in a child’s life.
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Rousseau's felt that the nature of children who and what they will be unfolds as a result of development according to their innate timetables. He also believed in a natural approaches to child rearing.
  • Robert Owen

    Owen believed environments contribute to the beliefs behaviors, and achievements of children and that education can counteract children’s poor environment. To prove his belief, he open the first infant school in Great Britain for ages 18 months to 10 years.
  • Friedrich Froebel

    Froebel is the founder of kindergarten. He believed that children learn through play. He developed a curriculum based on educational games and toys called “gifts”.
  • Child Welfare laws

    The first child protection law was passed in 1875, For the first time, government accepted responsibility to protect children
  • John Dewey

    Dewey believed the child is more important than the subject. He developed the theory of child-centered education. He based his curriculum on the child’s interests and emphasis on life experiences.
  • Maria Montessori

    Montessori opened a pre-school based upon the theory that children learn best with sensory-based materials in a proper prepared environment by themselves.
  • National Association for Nursery Education (NANE)

    National Association for Nursery Education (NANE) was formed.
  • First Nationwide Child Care Program

    During World Was II, the federal government supported child care programs that cared for children while mothers worked in factories during the war. In 1944 enrollment in these child care programs was estimated at 130,000 children.
  • National Defense Education Act

    In the interest in being the first in spaced prompted congress to pass the National Defense Education Act (NDEA). NDEA provide federal funding for science, technology, engineering, math and foreign language education.
  • Head Start

    January 1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson declared the War on Poverty. Shortly after that Head Start was created. The Head Start program was designed to provide a comprehensive (education, health, family support, mental health) set of service to chhildren in poverty. The program was carefully designed to help lift families and young children out of poverty.
  • National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)

    National Association for nursery Education (NANE) changed their name to National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) in 1964 and has been known by that name ever since. NAEYC is a professional organization for early childhood professional with over 100,000 members. NAEYC provide professional development opportuities, advocacy, and variety of professional projects in support of high quality early childhood service.
  • Brain Research

    An explosion in research in neurobiological, behavioral and social sciences during this period led to a deeper understanging of development. This research generated public awareness of importance of the first years of life leading to policy changes and remewed efforts to address quality of early childhood programs, teacher preparation, and assessment of child outcomes. This burst in research, particularly research on how the brain develops, generated greater public awareness of the importance
  • Period: to

    Brain Research

  • Perry Preschool Study

    Longitudinal study began that followed young children who received a quality early childhood program for 20 years. The study showed that $7.10 was saved in later cost (for every $1.00 invested in the preschool program.)
  • Period: to

    Perry Preschool Study