History of Chemistry

  • Robert Boyle

    Robert Boyle
    refined the modern scientific method for alchemy and to have separated chemistry further from alchemy. Created Boyle's Law
  • Alchemists

    Among other things, the alchemists sought a universal solvent, attempted to change lead and other metals into gold, and tried to discover an elixir which would prolong life. The alchemists learned how to use metallic compounds and plant-derived materials to treat diseases.
  • John Dalton

    John Dalton
    Proposed atomic theory based upon measurable masses (1807). Stated law of partial pressure of gases.
  • Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier

    Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier
    "father of modern chemistry", was a French nobleman prominent in the histories of chemistry and biology.[2] He found and termed both oxygen (1778) and hydrogen (1783), helped construct the metric system, put together the first extensive list of elements, and helped to reform chemical nomenclature. He was also the first to establish that sulfur was an element (1777) rather than a compound. He discovered that, although matter may change its form or shape, its mass always remains the same.
  • Niels Bohr

    Niels Bohr
    Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics created the Bohr model
  • J.J. Thomson

    J.J. Thomson
    British physicist and Nobel laureate. He is credited for the discovery of the electron and of isotopes, and the invention of the mass spectrometer.
  • Ernest Rutherford

    Ernest Rutherford
    New Zealand-born British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics.[2] In early work he discovered the concept of radioactive half-life, proved that radioactivity involved the transmutation of one chemical element to another, and also differentiated and named alpha and beta radiation.
  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison
    Thomas Edison's first successful light bulb model, used in public demonstration at Menlo Park, December 1879
  • Dmitri Mendeleev

    Dmitri Mendeleev
    Russian chemist and inventor. He is credited as being the creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements. Using the table, he predicted the properties of elements yet to be discovered.