History of Cars

  • First Self-Propelled Car

    First Self-Propelled Car
    CugnotNicolas Cugnot develops steam-powered vehicle to carry cannons.
  • First Horseless Passenger Transport

    First Horseless Passenger Transport
    http://www.forest-classics.co.uk/trevithick_puffing_devil.htmRichard Trevithick builds first horseless passenger transport, named the "Puffing Devil".
  • Uphill Struggle

    Uphill Struggle
    English engineer, Samuel Brown adapted an old Newcomen steam engine to burn a mixture of oxygen hydrogen gas. He used it to briefly power a vehicle up Shooter's Hill - the highest point in south London.
  • Coal-Gas Power

    Jean Joseph Étienne Lenoir develops and patents a coal-gas powered engine.
  • First Speed Limit

    Locamotive Act sets speed limit to 2 mph in city and 4 mph in country.
  • First Four-Stroke Engine

    Nikolaus August Otto develops first successful four-stroke engine, known as "Otto Cycle".
  • First Two-Stroke Engine

    Sir Dugald Clerk builds the first successful two-stroke engine.
  • Internal Combustion

    Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz independently develop internal combustion engines, the same type used today.
  • First Motor Company

    Rene Panhard and Emile Levassor set up first motor company as first car manufacturers.
  • First Four-Stroke, Four-Cylinder Engine

    Wilhelm Maybach built the first four-cylinder, four-stroke engine, then later developed the spray-nozzle carburettor.
  • Gran Prix Racing

    Races quickly evolved from a simple chases from town to town, to organised events like time trials endurance tests for car and driver.
    Innovations in engineering soon saw competition speeds exceeding 100 mph.
  • First Road Traffic Death

    Bridget Driscoll was hit by a passing motor car near Crystal Palace in London. She died from head injuries. The driver, Arthur Edsell, was doing just 4mph at the time. The coroner, returning a verdict of accidental death, said “I trust that this sort of nonsense will never happen again.”