History of Asian Immigrants to America

  • Gold Rush

    Gold Rush
    A gold rush is an interval of feverish migration of workers to an area that has had a dramatic discovery of gold deposits. Major gold rushes took place in the 19th century in Australia, New Zealand, Brazil, Canada, South Africa, and the United States, while smaller gold rushes took place elsewhere.
  • San Francisco Riot of 1877

    San Francisco Riot of 1877
    The San Francisco riot of 1877 was a two day pogrom waged against Chinese immigrants in San Francisco, California by the city's majority white population from the evening of July 23 through the night of July 24, 1877. The ethnic violence which swept Chinatown resulted in four deaths and the destruction of more than $100,000 worth of property belonging to the city's Chinese immigrant population.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    The Chinese Exclusion Act was the first major law restricting immigration to the United States. It was enacted in response to economic fears, especially on the West Coast, where native-born Americans attributed unemployment and declining wages to Chinese workers whom they also viewed as racially inferior.
  • Rock springs Massacre

    Rock springs Massacre
    The Rock Springs massacre, also known as the Rock Springs Riot, occurred on September 2, 1885, in the present-day United States city of Rock Springs, Wyoming, in Sweetwater County. The riot, between Chinese immigrant miners and white immigrant miners, was the result of racial tensions and an ongoing labor dispute over the Union Pacific Coal Department's policy of paying Chinese miners lower wages than white miners.
  • Ellie Island opened

    Ellie Island opened
    Ellis Island opened in 1892 as a federal immigration station, a purpose it served for more than 60 years (it closed in 1954). Millions of newly arrived immigrants passed through the station during that time.
  • San Fransico Chronicle : "Japanese Invasion ! "

    San Fransico Chronicle : "Japanese Invasion ! "
    The San Francisco Chronicle front page headline reads: "The Japanese Invasion: The Problem of the Hour." This launches an unrelenting string of editorials against the Japanese which serve to kick the anti-Japanese movement into high gear.
  • Asiatic Exclusion League

    Asiatic Exclusion League
    The Asiatic Exclusion League founeded in California in large part to encourage the sergreation of schools and racial hate of Asian people.
  • Angel Island "Elie Island of the West "

    Angel Island "Elie Island of the West "
    Angel Island State Park, the largest natural island in the San Francisco Bay offers some of the best views of the surrounding Bay Area. With great hiking trails and many other recreational opportunities readily availableFrom 1910 to 1940, the U.S. Immigration Station processed hundreds of thousands of immigrants, the majority from China.
  • Anti-Alien Laws

    Anti-Alien Laws
    The California Alien Land Law of 1913 (also known as the Webb-Haney Act) prohibited "aliens ineligible for citizenship" from owning agricultural land or possessing long-term leases over it, but permitted leases lasting up to three years. It affected the Chinese, Indian, Japanese, and Korean immigrant farmers in California. Implicitly, the law was primarily directed at the Japanese.
  • Immigration Act of 1924

    Immigration Act of 1924
    The Immigration Act of 1924 limited the number of immigrants allowed entry into the United States through a national origins quota. The quota provided immigration visas to two percent of the total number of people of each nationality in the United States as of the 1890 national census. It completely excluded immigrants from Asia.
  • Angel Island Closed

    Angel Island Closed
    Of those who arrived at Angel Island, it is estimated that anywhere from 11 percent to 30 percent were ultimately deported, whereas the deportation rate for the East Coast was only 1 percent to 2 percent.
    After 1940, the station was used briefly as a detention site for the internment of Japanese nationals returning to Japan and World War II prisoners of war. In 1946, the site was finally closed down and abandoned by the Army
  • Pearl Harbor Attack in 1941

    Pearl Harbor Attack in 1941
    The attack on Pearl Harbor[nb 4] was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the United States Territory of Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). The attack led to the United States' entry into World War II.
    The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia
  • Executive Order 9066

    Executive Order 9066
    This order is signed by President Roosvelt required Japanese Americans to report internment camp
    Executive Order 9066, (Feb. 19, 1942), executive order issued by U.S. Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt, which granted the secretary of war and his commanders the power “to prescribe military areas in such places and of such extent as he or the appropriate Military Commander may determine, from which any or all persons may be excluded.
  • Internment camp of Japanese

    Internment camp of Japanese
    The U.S. government ordered the removal of Japanese Americans in 1942, shortly after Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor; The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States was the forced relocation and incarceration during World War II of between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry who lived on the Pacific coast
  • Roosvelt and Relocation Center

    Roosvelt and Relocation Center
    President Roosevelt calls the "relocation centers" "concentration camps" at a press conference. The WRA had consistently denied that the term "concentration camps" accurately described the camps.
  • Internment camps CLOSED

    Internment camps CLOSED
    Internment camps On February 19th 1942 Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. Under the terms of the Order, some 120,000 people of Japanese descent living in the US were removed from their homes and placed in internment camps. The US justified their action by claiming that there was a danger of those of Japanese descent spying for the Japanese. However more than two thirds of those interned were American citizens and half of them were children.
  • R. Shimomura, survivor of Minidoka.R.C

    R. Shimomura, survivor of Minidoka.R.C
    As a child during World War II, Shimomura's family was relocated and interned at the Minidoka Relocation Center in Idaho. Roger Shimomura (born 1939 in Seattle, Washington) is an American artist and a retired professor at the University of Kansas, painting the series of "The return of the Yellow Perfil"
  • Elie Island CLOSED

    Elie Island CLOSED
    With America’s entrance into World War II, immigration declined and Ellis Island was used as a detention center for suspected enemies. Following the war, Congress passed quota laws and the Immigration Act of 1924, which sharply reduced the number of newcomers allowed into the country and also enabled immigrants to be processed at U.S. consulates abroad.
  • The Election of Dalip Singh to CONGRESS

    The Election of Dalip Singh to CONGRESS
    A Political Pioneer
    Dalip Singh Saund made history in 1956 when he became the first Asian elected to Congress
  • Congress and Chinese Exclusion

    Congress and Chinese Exclusion
    Congress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act over the veto of President Garfield. Chinese immigration would essentially be shut off for the next sixty years.