History of AIDS

  • Beginning 1924

    Beginning 1924
    -HIV probably transfers to humans in Africa between 1884 and 1924
  • 1966

    HIV probably entered Haiti around 1966
  • 1970

    HIV probably entered the U.S. around 1970.
  • 1981

    The first cases of AIDS are among gay men, then it was the drug users.
  • 1983

    AIDS is reported among women and children.
    Three thousand AIDS cases have been reported in the USA.One thousand people have died from AIDS.
  • 1984

    Scientists identify HIV as the cause of AIDS.
    -Western scientists became aware of AIDS is spreading in parts of Africa.
    -The world's first needle exchange program is set up in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. (national action)
  • 1985

    -AIDS is found in China, and has therefore been seen in all regions of the world.
  • 1986

    -More than 38,000 cases of AIDS have been reported from 85 countries
  • 1987

    -AZT is the first drug approved for treating AIDS.
  • 1988

    -The American government conducts a national AIDS education campaign.
    -Health ministers meet to discuss AIDS and establish a World AIDS Day.
  • 1991

    -Thailand launches Asia’s most extensive HIV prevention program
  • 1993

    -AZT is shown to be of no benefit to those in the early stages of HIV infection.
  • 1994

    -AZT is shown to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
    -Infant HIV infections begin to fall in developed countries, due to use of AZT.
  • 1995

    -The Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS) is established.
  • 1996

    -Combination antiretroviral treatment is shown to be highly effective against HIV.
    -Annual global spending on AIDS in low- and middle-income countries is $300 million
  • 1997

    -AIDS deaths begin to decline in developed countries, due to the new drugs.
    -Brazil is the first developing country to begin providing free combination treatment
  • 2002

    -Botswana begins Africa’s first national AIDS treatment program
  • 2003

    -AIDS drugs become more affordable for developing countries
    -The first HIV vaccine candidate to undergo a major trial is found to be ineffective.
    By the end of 2003, twelve million children in
    Sub-Saharan Africa were orphaned by AIDS.
  • 2006

    -28% of people in developing countries who need treatment for HIV are receiving
  • 2009

    -President Obama announces the removal of the travel ban that prevents HIV-positive people from entering the US.
    -4 million people in developing and transitional countries are receiving treatment for HIV; 9.5 million are still in immediate need of treatment
  • 2010

    -34 million people were living with HIV at the end of 2010, and the vast majority of these people were in sub-Saharan Africa