Harlem Jazz

  • 1890-1910 - Jazz Influences

    1890-1910 - Jazz Influences
    Ragtime, New Orleans Music, "Spanish tinge" Music Created
  • Period: to


  • Great Migration

    Great Migration
    The Great Migration is where over 1.6 million migrants travled to Harlem which has created the predominate African-American population living there today.
  • The Original Dixieland Jass Band

    The Original Dixieland Jass Band
    While the Original Dixieland Jass Band or the ODJB was not originally from Harlem they created a revolutionary style of jazz. The group began in 1916 in New Orleans, Louisiana. Their first job was at Schiller's Cafe in Chicago but at that time they were called Stein's Dixie Jass Band. Their intro into New York City was when theatrical agen, Max Hart, booked them in 1917 to play at Reisenweber's Cafe. As Jazz took off in New York, ODJB played a crucial role in creating "musical rennisance".
  • James Europe

    James Europe
    James Europe was born in Moble, Alabama but he eventually moved to New York in 1904. In 1910 he organized society where African Americans could collaberate called the Clef Club. Even though the Clef Club Orchestra was not techincally a jazz band, they were the first people to play jazz in Carnegie Hall. Unfourtuneatly this revolutionary artist died on the night of May 9, 1919 when one of his bandmates stabbed him in the neck with a pen. Europe was the first black man to have a public funeral NYC
  • 1920s and 1930s Jazz

    1920s and 1930s Jazz
    The Jazz Age, Swing, Beginnings of European Jazz
  • Cotton Club

    Cotton Club
    The Cotton Club is considerd to be the most famous night club in New York City during the Prohibiton. It was founded by Jack Johnson but was sold only three years later to Owney Madden in 1923. At that point the club was reformed and has featured many famous jazz artist such as: Fletcher Henderson, Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Bessie Smith, Cab Calloway, The Nicholas Brothers, Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong, Nat King Cole, Billie Holiday, and Ethel Waters.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    The Harlem Renaissance started around 1920 and extended to the early 1930's. During this time all different kinds of arts flurished to become something new and exciting. Jazz music took off and to this day is still afected by the Harlem Renaissance.
  • Savoy Ballroom

    Savoy Ballroom
    Savory Ballroom was founded as a medium sized ballroom for music and public dancing in 1926. It was located between 140th and 141th streen on Lenox Avenues. From the 1920 to the 1950's Savory Ballroom flourshed in Harlem as a venue where not only white people could dance but both white and black people could dance together. This concept was revolutionary for it's time as equal rights for african americans had not been fully established.
  • "Ghettoization"

    Harlem was hit harder than other parts of New York by the Great Depression. The percent of people living in Harlem that were jobless increased to a scarily high 25%
  • Cab Calloway

    Cab Calloway
    Cab Calloway is a legendary artist that played at famous nightlife jazz clubs in Harlem such as the Cotton Club. After his time at Cotton Club came to an end he procceded to join a band with Duke Ellington and toured nation wide. In 1931 he recorded his most famous song "Minnie the Moocher". For many years after he continued to have great sucess until November 18 1994 when he died.
  • 1940s and 1950s Jazz

    1940s and 1950s Jazz
    Bebop, Afro-Cuban Jazz, Dixieland revival, Cool jazz, Hard bop, Modal Jazz, Free Jazz
  • Civil Rights Movement

    Civil Rights Movement
    Harlem experiences a series of rent strikes which end up mobolizing many groups in Harlem to fight for equality, better schools, jobs and housing. There were many riots however a lot of the protests were non violent.
  • 1960s and 1970s Jazz

    1960s and 1970s Jazz
    Latin Jazz, Post-bop, Soul Jazz, Jazz Fusion, Jazz Funk
  • 1980s - 2010s Jazz

    1980s - 2010s Jazz
    Traditonalist and Experimental divide, Smooth Jazz, Afro-Cuban Jazz Renaissance, Acid jazz, NU Jazz, Jazz Rap, Punk Jazz, Jazzcore, M-Base
  • CITYtermers Investigate Jazz in Harlem

    CITYtermers Investigate Jazz in Harlem
    CITYtermers go into Harlem to discover and learn about some classy music. Lets go!