gov timeline

  • 1st amendment

    1st amendment
    Guarantees the right to the freedoms of speech, press, and religion. Protects the right to petition the government.
  • 2nd amendment

    2nd amendment
    Guarantees the people’s right to own and bear arms for their defense
  • 3rd amendment

    3rd amendment
    Citizens cannot be forced to quarter soldiers during times of peace
  • 4th amendment

    4th amendment
    Citizens cannot be forced to subject themselves to seizure and search without a search warrant and probable cause.
  • 5th amendment

    5th amendment
    Prohibits abuse of governmental authority in legal procedures. Establishes rules for indictment by eminent domain and grand jury. Guarantees the due process rights. Protects citizens from self-incrimination and double jeopardy.
  • 6th amendment

    6th amendment
    Guarantees fair and speedy jury trial and the rights to know the accusation, the accuser, and to find counsel and witnesses.
  • 7th amendment

    7th amendment
    Reserves individuals’ rights to jury trial depending on the civil case, and cases already examined by not be re-opened by another court.
  • 8th amendment

    8th amendment
    Forbids exorbitant bails and fines and punishment that is unusual or cruel.
  • 9th amendment

    9th amendment
    Reserves the rights of citizens which are not specifically mentioned by the U.S. Constitution.
  • 10th amendment

    10th amendment
    Reserves powers that are not given to the U.S. government under the Constitution, nor prohibited to a State of the U.S., to the people and the States.
  • 11th amendment

    11th amendment
    State sovereign immunity. States are protected from suits by citizens living in another state or foreigners that do not reside within the state borders
  • marbury v. madison

    marbury v. madison
    judicial review, federalism, separation of powers
  • 12th amendment

    12th amendment
    Modifies and clarifies the procedure for electing vice-presidents and presidents.
  • McCulloch v. Marylande

    McCulloch v. Marylande
    state taxes, national supremacy
  • gibbons v. Ogden

    gibbons v. Ogden
    states rights, commerce clause
  • women’s suffrage movement

    women’s suffrage movement
    First Women’s Rights Convention held in Seneca Falls, New York
  • dred scottv. sandford

    dred scottv. sandford
    slavery, due process, Missouri compromise
  • American Civil War

    American Civil War
    one of the bitterest civil wars in the world. Almost 600,000 people were killed and many others wounded. The war began when the Southern States opened fire on Fort Sumter. Lincoln declared war on them. it lasted from April 12, 1861 – May 9, 1865.
  • 13th amendment

    13th amendment
    Except as punishment for criminal offense, forbids forced-slavery and involuntary servitude.
  • 14th amendment

    14th amendment
    Details Equal Protection Clause, Due Process Clause, Citizenship Clause, and clauses dealing with the Confederacy and its officials.
  • 15th amendment

    15th amendment
    Reserves citizens the suffrage rights regardless of their race, color, or previous slave status.
  • plessy v. ferguson

    plessy v. ferguson
    equal protection, separate but equal
  • 16th amendment

    16th amendment
    Reserves the U.S. government the right to tax income.
  • 17th amendment

    17th amendment
    Establishes popular voting as the process under which senators are elected.
  • 18th amendment

    18th amendment
    Denies the sale and consumption of alcohol.
  • schenck v. United states

    schenck v. United states
    freedom of speech military draft
  • 20th amendment

    20th amendment
    also known as the “lame duck amendment,” establishes date of term starts for Congress (January 3) & the President (January 20)
  • 21st amendment

    21st amendment
    Details the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment. State laws over alcohol are to remain.
  • koremastu v. United

    koremastu v. United
    Japanese internment equal protection
  • 22nd amendment

    22nd amendment
    Limit the terms that an individual can be elected as president (at most two terms). Individuals who have served over two years of someone else’s term may not be elected more than once.
  • brown v. board of education

    brown v. board of education
    school segregation, equal protection
  • 23rd amendment

    23rd amendment
    Reserves the right of citizens residing in the District of Columbia to vote for their own Electors for presidential elections.
  • mapp v. ohio

    mapp v. ohio
    Search and seizure, exclusionary rule, due process
  • engel v. vitale

    engel v. vitale
    rayer in school, freedom of religion, separation of church and state
  • gideon v. wainwright

    gideon v. wainwright
    right to counsel, due process
  • 24th amendment

    24th amendment
    citizens cannot be denied the suffrage rights for not paying a poll tax or any other taxes.
  • miranda v. arizona

    miranda v. arizona
    self- incrimination, due process
  • 25th amendment

    25th amendment
    establishes the procedures for a successor of a President.
  • tinker v. des moines

    tinker v. des moines
    student speech, symbolic speech
  • 26th amendment

    26th amendment
    Reserves the right for citizens 18 and older to vote.
  • roe v. wade

    roe v. wade
    abortion, right to privacy
  • united states v. nixon

    united states v. nixon
    watergate, executive privilege, check and balances
  • Regents of the u. of california v. bakke

    Regents of the u. of california v. bakke
    affirmative action, equal protection
  • new jersey v. t.l.o

    new jersey v. t.l.o
    student search and seizure
  • hazelwood v. kuhlmeier

    hazelwood v. kuhlmeier
    censorship, student speech
  • texas v. johnson

    texas v. johnson
    flag burning freedom of speech
  • 27th amendment

    27th amendment
    Denies any laws that vary the salaries of Congress members until the beginning of the next terms of office for Representatives.
  • obergefell v. hodges

    obergefell v. hodges
    marriage equality, federalism, equal protection