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American History

  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    The Seneca Falls Convention was the first women’s rights convention. It spanned two days over July 19-20, 1848. It advertised itself as “a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman”.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    Jim Crow was a fixture of the minstrel shows that toured the South. Jim Crow Laws were laws passed by southerners to segregate public places, such as schools, restaurants, theaters, trains, hospitals, water fountains, and cemeteries. They most common types of laws forbade intermarriage and ordered business owners and public institutions to keep blacks and whites separate.
  • Begins of The Civil War

    Begins of The Civil War
    The American Civil War was a civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865. This war began primarily as a result of a controversy over the enslavement of black people. The Civil War was between northern states loyal to the Union and southern states that had seceded from the Union to form the Confederate States of America.
  • The Battle of Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam
    This was between Confederate General Robert E. Lee Army of Northern Virginia and Union Gen. George B. McClellan’s Army of Potomac.The war was near Sharpsburg, Maryland and Antietam Creek.The Emancipation Proclamation occurred and it was to keep Britain and France out of the war because the just wanted slavery. 1st black unit in the Union Army “The Famous 54th Massachusetts. The Battle of Chancellorsville, May 1-4,1863.A southern victory, but Stonewall Jackson is shot by his own men accidentally.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    This was on July 1-3, 1863. War between General Lee, South Northern Virginia, and General Meade, North Potomac. In July 2,1863 occurred the Little Round Top, Joshua Lawrence and his men are given the very and of the Union line to defend. In July 3, 1863 occurred the Pickett’s charge, after failing, General Lee decided on last attack needed to be made on the Union center, they marched across the open field. 23,049 casualties of the Union Army, and 28,063 casualties of the Confederate Army.
  • The Final Virginia Campaign ( Surrender at Appomattox)

    The Final Virginia Campaign ( Surrender at Appomattox)
    The final Virginia campaign was from 1864-1865. The total casualties were: south (24%) and north (23%). The medicine on the civil war was horrible, they didn’t understand why infection happened or what to do about it. The surrender at Appomattox was on April 9,1865.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6. This amendment abolished slavery. It provides that “ Neither slavery nor voluntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
  • Grandfather Clause

    Grandfather Clause
    It was to help poor, illiterate whites to vote, a grandfather clause was passed. It stated that if a voter’s father or grandfather was eligible to vote on January 1, 1867, they did not have to take a literacy test. This allowed whites to vote.
  • Alaska purchase

    Alaska purchase
    William Seward bought Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million. Americans referred to the purchase as “Seward’s Icebox”. They thought that Alaska was a barren wasteland.
  • President Johnson’s Impeachment

    President Johnson’s Impeachment
    Johnson removed the secretary of the war Stanton. The house impeached him before even drawing up the charges by a vote of 126-47. Johnson acquitted 35 to 19 ( one short of required 2/3 vote).
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th amendments was passed by Congress June 13, 1866, and ratified in July 9,1868. It granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, including former slaves. It guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.”
  • The Transcontinental Railroad

    The Transcontinental Railroad
    The CPR and UPR met at Promontory Point, Utah. The presidents of both railroads, Stanford and Durant, swung at the last gold spike. The railroads helped a lot with transportation, it took less time to transport things.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    Passed by Congress in February 26, 1869, and ratified in February 3, 1870. This amendment granted African American men the right to vote. The 15th amendment was in reality only the beginning of a struggle for equality.
  • The Brooklyn Bridge

    The Brooklyn Bridge
    It was the longest suspension bridge in the world at the time of its opening. It was designed by John Roebling. His son was the chief engineer, but then he got sick and died. Emily, his wife, was involved in helping to complete the bridge.
  • The Statue of Liberty

    The Statue of Liberty
    It was opened on October 28,1886. It was designed by Frederic Augusta Bartholdi. It was first constructed in France, then taken apart and shipped to America.
  • Oklahoma Land Rush

    Oklahoma Land Rush
    The last remaining open land was Oklahoma Indian Territory. White settlers rushed to claim two million acres of land. Oklahoma Land Rush symbolized the closing of the frontier.
  • The Sherman Antitrust Act

    The Sherman Antitrust Act
    The Sherman Anti-trust act was the first Federal act that outlawed monopolistic business practices. It was the first measure passed by the U.S. Congress to prohibit trusts. “Every contact, combination, or conspiracy in restraint of trade,” and any “monopolization, attempted monopolization, or conspiracy or combination to monopolize.”
  • Wounded Knee

    Wounded Knee
    Police tried to arrest Sitting Bull, who they believed was a Ghost Dancer, and killed him in the process. The US Army surrounded a band of Ghost Dancers under Big Foot, and demanded they surrender their weapons. As that was happening, a fight broke out between an Indian and a U.S. soldier and a shot was fired. More than 250 men, women, and children had been killed and 51 wounded some of whom died later.
  • First Ellis Island Station

    First Ellis Island Station
    The first Ellis island immigration station officially opens on January 1, 1892. Seven hundred immigrants passed through Ellis Island that day, 450,000 over the course of that first year. Over the next five decades, more than 12 million people will pass through the island on their way into the United States.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    It was a case from the Court. The Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal as long as facilities were “separate but equal”. It became the legal basis for racial segregation.
  • Klondike Gold Rush

    Klondike Gold Rush
    Gold was discovered 30 years after Alaska purchase. People knew that so there was a huge migration, about 100,000 prospectors. After that Alaska turned out to be rich in fish, gold, copper, timber, oil, and coal.
  • The Maine Sinks

    The Maine Sinks
    A massive explosion occurs and sinks the ship. No one knows the origin of this explosion. It killed 260 of the fewer than 400 American crew members aboard.
  • Congress Declare War

    Congress Declare War
    On April 25, 1898, Congress declared war on Spain. Spain was accused of destroying the Maine. The Congress didn’t have evidence to prove it, but they anyways declared war.
  • Assassination of William McKinley

    Assassination of William McKinley
    William McKinley, the 25th President of United States, was shot on the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition. This was at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York, on September 6, 1901. In September 14, 1901 he died of gangrene caused by the wounds.
  • Food and Drugs Act

    Food and Drugs Act
    Since 1879, nearly 100 bills had been introduced in Congress to regulate food and drugs. The Bureau of Chemistry was charged to administer this act. This act prohibited the interstate transport of unlawful food and drugs under penalty of seizure of the questionable products and/or prosecution of the responsible parties.
  • Woman suffrage Procession

    Woman suffrage Procession
    The Woman Suffrage Procession was the first suffragist parade in Washington DC. It was also the first large, organized March on Washington for political purposes. This was organized by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns.
  • 17th amendment

    17th amendment
    1911, the House of Representatives passed House Joint Resolution 39 proposing a constitutional amendment with “race ride” for direct election of senators. A substitute amendment by Senator Joseph L. Bristow removed the “race ride”. On April 8, 1913, three quarters of the States had ratified the proposed amendment, and it was officially included as the 17th amendment.
  • Panama Canal

    Panama Canal
    After Panama independence, US declared the “Canal Zone”, spot to dig a canal. America bought the canal from Panama for $10 million. Engineering work started in 1904, and ended in 1914, 10 years.
  • Sinking of Lusitania

    Sinking of Lusitania
    Germany warned America about staying off British ships. Germany torpedoed the Lusitania, sinking it with 1200 passengers. This was one of the reasons US joined the war.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    The US intercepted a note from Germany to Mexico. That note promised to help get Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona back to Mexico. This was for an alliance to attack the US.
  • Selective Service Act

    Selective Service Act
    This act authorized The United States federal government to raise a national army for service in the WWI through conscription. People created different posters to encourage people to join the army. Woodrow Wilson was president in that moment and signed it into law.
  • Russia leaves WWI

    Russia leaves WWI
    Russia with route from World War I because the Bolsheviks, who had promised the Russian people “peace, land, and bread, came to power after overthrowing the provisional government. These provisional government, headed by moderates, had seized power from Tsar Nicholas, forcing him to abdicate in March of 1917. Russia signs of treaty with the central powers ending it’s participation in World War One.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    The eighteen amendment of US Constitution established the prohibition of alcohol in the US. This amendment was proposed by Congress on December 18, 1917. It ratified by the requisite number of states on January 16, 1919.
  • 19 amendment

    19 amendment
    Congress, several attempts to pass a women’s suffrage amendment failed until passing the House of Representatives. First state to ratify the amendment was Tennessee. 19 amendment says “ The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.”
  • Scopes Trial

    Scopes Trial
    The Scopes Trial was known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes. John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee’s Butler Act. Butler act made it a crime to teach human evolution.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    Share prices on the New York Stock Exchange completely collapsed. this began a chain of events that led to the Great Depression. As real estate values declined during the late 1920s, the stock market also weakened.
  • Smoot-Harley Tariff Act

    Smoot-Harley Tariff Act
    Known as Smoot-Hawley Tariff or Hawley-Smoot Tariff. It was a law that implemented protectionist trade policies in the US. It was signed by President Herbert Hoover on June 17, 1930.
  • Revenue Act of 1932

    Revenue Act of 1932
    This act raised US tax rates across the board. It raised from 25% to 63%. the provisions of the act applied to the taxable year of 1932 and all subsequent taxable years.
  • Bonus Army Conflict

    Bonus Army Conflict
    The Bonus Army marchers confront the police in Washington D.C demanding the bonus that Hoover promised. Hoover loses 1932 presidential election. Four veterans died in the march.
  • The Election of 1932

    The Election of 1932
    This election took place against the backdrop of the Great Depression. President Herbert Hoover was defeated in a landslide by Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt. The election marked the effective end of the Fourth Party System.
  • 21st Amendment

    21st Amendment
    The 21st Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, repealing the 18th Amendment and bringing an end to the era of national prohibition of alcohol in America. Utah became the 36th state to ratify the amendment. The movement for the prohibition of alcohol began I the early 19th century when Americans concerned about the effects drinking could cause.
  • Independence of Philippines

    Independence of Philippines
    Over 4,000 Americans and 220,000 Filipinos died in the war , including 20,000 Filipino soldiers. Manuel Quezon was elected the country’s first president. On July 4, 1946, full independence was granted to Philippines by the United States.
  • Ellis Island closed doors

    Ellis Island closed doors
    On November 12, 1954, Ellis Island, the gateway to America, shuts it doors after processing more than 12 million immigrants since opening in 1892. Today, tens of millions of Americans can trace their roots through Ellis Island. On January 2, 1892, 15-year-old Annie Moore, from Ireland, became the first person to pass through the newly opened Ellis Island.