Period5

APUSH - Period 5

  • Nat Turner Slave Revolt

    Nat Turner Slave Revolt
    A slave rebellion led by Nat Turner. Rebel slaves killed from 55 to 65 people, at least 51 being white.
  • William Lloyd Garrison Published The Liberator

    William Lloyd Garrison Published The Liberator
    An influential antislavery newspaper. Its publication initiated the radical abolitionist movement.
  • American Anti-Slavery Society Begins

    American Anti-Slavery Society Begins
    An abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan.
  • Sarah Grimke’s Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women published

    Sarah Grimke’s Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women published
    A series of letters written by Sarah Grimke that defended the right of women to speak in public in defense of a moral cause. She responded to Catharine Beecher's defense of the subordinate role of women.
  • Henry Highland Garnet’s “Address to the Slaves of the United States of America”

    Henry Highland Garnet’s “Address to the Slaves of the United States of America”
    He called for the slaves of the South to refuse to work, to approach their masters and demand their freedom, and to resist their oppressors with force if necessary.
  • Women’s Rights Convention at Seneca Falls

    Women’s Rights Convention at Seneca Falls
    The first women's rights convention in the United States. The meeting launched the women's suffrage movement.
  • Harriett Tubman Escapes from Slavery

    Harriett Tubman Escapes from Slavery
    Following the death of her owner, Harriet Tubman decided to escape slavery in Maryland for Philadelphia. She became a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, leading slaves to freedom before the Civil War.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    A package of five separate bills passed by the United States Congress, which defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and free states on the status of territories acquired during the Mexican–American War.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    It was passed by Congress as a part of the Compromise of 1850. It called for the return of slaves who escaped from one state into another state or territory.
  • Creation of the Radical Republicans

    Creation of the Radical Republicans
    It was composed of former Whigs, charitable Northerners, and politicians.
  • Sojourner Truth Delivered her “Ain’t I a Woman” Speech

    Sojourner Truth Delivered her “Ain’t I a Woman” Speech
    Sojourner Truth delivered this speech after obtaining her freedom, which made her to be renowned as an anti-slavery speaker.
    At the Ohio Women’s Rights Convention, Truth spoke out about equal rights for black women.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    An anti-slavery novel that had a profound effect on attitudes toward African Americans and slavery in the U.S.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    A small civil war in the United States fought between pro-slavery and anti-slavery advocates for control of the new territory of Kansas.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders.
  • Republican Party Founded

    Republican Party Founded
    The first statewide convention that formed a platform and nominated candidates under the name Republican was held near Jackson, Michigan on July 6, 1854. It declared their new party opposed to the expansion of slavery into new territories and selected a statewide slate of candidates.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Dred Scott who had resided in a free state and territory was not entitled to his freedom; that African Americans were not and could never be citizens of the United States; and that the Missouri Compromise, which had declared free all territories west of Missouri and north of latitude 36°30′, was unconstitutional.
  • Lecompton Constitution

    Lecompton Constitution
    The document permitted slavery, excluded free blacks from living in Kansas, and allowed only male citizens of the United States to vote.
  • Panic of 1857

    Panic of 1857
    A financial panic in the United States caused by the declining international economy and over-expansion of the domestic economy.
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    A series of seven debates between Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln during the 1858 Illinois state election campaign. The issues they discussed were important to the sectional conflict over slavery and states’ rights.
  • John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry

    John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry
    An effort by abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt by taking over a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry,
  • Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves

    Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves
    In the election of 1860, Northern Democrats nominated Stephen Douglas, while southern Democrats nominated John Breckinridge. This split the Democratic ticket in half, giving the Republicans, who nominated Abraham Lincoln, a huge advantage.
  • South Carolina Secedes from the Union

    South Carolina Secedes from the Union
    South Carolina became the first slave state in the south to declare that it had seceded from the United States.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President

    Abraham Lincoln Elected President
    Lincoln was elected the 16th president of the United States, beating Douglas, Breckinridge, and Bell. He was the first president from the Republican Party.
  • Confederate States of America Founded

    Confederate States of America Founded
    Representatives from the six seceded states met in Montgomery, Alabama, to formally establish a unified government, which they named the Confederate States of America.
  • Firing on Fort Sumter

    Firing on Fort Sumter
    It was the first shot fired in the American Civil War. The United States Army surrendered to the Confederate States Army. This began the American Civil War.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    A decisive engagement in the American Civil War that halted the Confederate advance on Maryland for the purpose of gaining military supplies.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Considered a turning point of the American Civil War. Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle ever fought on American soil, with up to 10,000 Union and Confederate troops dead and another 30,000 wounded.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    It granted freedom to the slaves in the Confederate States if the States did not return to the Union by January 1, 1863. In addition, under this proclamation, freedom would only come to the slaves if the Union won the war.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    A speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of Soldier's National Cemetery, a cemetery for Union soldiers killed at the Battle Of Gettysburg during the American Civil War.
  • General U.S. Grant Assumed Command of Union Troops

    General U.S. Grant Assumed Command of Union Troops
    President Abraham Lincoln signed a document officially promoting Major General Ulysses S. Grant to the rank of lieutenant general of the U.S. Army, granting him the power to lead all Union troops against the Confederate Army.
  • Sherman’s March to the Sea

    Sherman’s March to the Sea
    Union General William T. Sherman led some 60,000 soldiers on a march from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia to frighten Georgia's civilian population into abandoning the Confederate cause.
  • Abraham Lincoln Reelected

    Abraham Lincoln Reelected
    The 1864 election was the first time since 1812 that a presidential election took place during a war. Lincoln won reelection despite his own doubts of winning.
  • Lincoln Assassination

    Lincoln Assassination
    John Wilkes Booth, a famous actor and Confederate sympathizer, assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C.
  • Congress Passed the 13th Amendment

    Congress Passed the 13th Amendment
    It abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
  • Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House

    Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House
    After the Battle of Appomattox Court House, Confederate General Robert E. Lee had surrendered his Army of Northern Virginia to Union General Ulysses S. Grant, effectively bringing the four-year Civil War to an end.
  • Andrew Johnson Became President

    Andrew Johnson Became President
    Johnson assumed the presidency as he was vice president of the United States at the time of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
  • Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction

    Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction
    President Andrew Johnson implemented a plan of Reconstruction that gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South.
  • Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South

    Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South
    The term “carpetbaggers” refers to Northerners who moved to the South after the Civil War, during Reconstruction. Scalawags were white Southerners who cooperated politically with black freedmen and Northern newcomers.
  • Ku Klux Klan formed

    Ku Klux Klan formed
    A group of Confederate veterans formed a secret society called the “Ku Klux Klan.” They rapidly grew from a secret social fraternity to a paramilitary force bent on reversing the federal government’s progressive Reconstruction Era-activities in the South.
  • Period of “Redemption” after the Civil War

    Period of “Redemption” after the Civil War
    Also known as the Reconstruction era. The nation tried to clear off any leftovers of the Confederate such as states, leaders, and freedmen.
  • Freedman’s Bureau Established

    Freedman’s Bureau Established
    It was established by Congress to provide practical aid to 4,000,000 newly freed African Americans in their transition from slavery to freedom.
  • Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson’s Veto

    Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson’s Veto
    A Republican-dominated Congress enacted a landmark Civil Rights Act on this day in 1866, overriding a veto by President Andrew Johnson. The law's main purpose was to offer protection to slaves freed in the aftermath of the Civil War.
  • First Congressional Reconstruction Act passed

    First Congressional Reconstruction Act passed
    It split the states into five military districts, each under the control of a Northern General whose responsibility it was to protect life and property, demanded the need for new state delegates and constitutions, the ratification of the Fourteenth amendment, and the provisions of equal rights for each citizen.
  • 14th Amendment Ratified

    14th Amendment Ratified
    The amendment grants citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves who had just been freed after the Civil War.
  • Andrew Johnson Impeached

    Andrew Johnson Impeached
    The House of representatives voted 126 to 47 in favor of impeaching the President for high crimes and misdemeanors.
  • U.S. Grant Elected President

    U.S. Grant Elected President
    As an American hero, Grant was later elected the 18th President of the United States.
  • 15th Amendment Ratified

    15th Amendment Ratified
    The 15th amendment granted African American men the right to vote.
  • Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)

    Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)
    The first United States Supreme Court interpretation of the U.S. Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment.
  • U.S. v. Cruikshank

    U.S. v. Cruikshank
    One of the earliest case to deal with the application of the Bill of Rights to state governments, following the adoption of the 14th amendment. Arose from the 1873 Colfax Massacre, in which a group of armed whites killed more than a hundred African Americans.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    An informal settlement between the conflict of the presidential election. It ended the Reconstruction Era as the federal government removed the troops from the South.