The belief that expansion through the U.S. was both justifiable and inevitable.
Motivation to Settle West
More land, farming, gold, opportunities, etc..
Migration from farms to cities
Lincoln Believed The Southern States
Never really left the union.
Issue With Slavery
3 Reconstruction Plans
LIncoln's plan, Johnson's Plan, Radical Republicans Plan
A 1,912-mile continuous railroad that connected certain spots in America
The Wade-Davis Bill was a response to Lincoln's Plan required that 50% of a state's white males take a loyalty oath to be readmitted to the Union, while Lincoln's was 10%.
Typically, If a president doesn't sign a bill in ten days in automatically becomes law but if Congress leaves in those ten days and it is not signed it does not become law.
Legislation requiring a majority of a state's prewar voters to swear loyalty to the Union before restoration could begin
13th Amendment/ Abolish Slavery
14th Amendment/ Equal Rights
15th Amendment/ United States CItizens Can Vote no matter race
Laws that restricted Freedman's rights
Ten Percent Plan
Lincoln's plan that allowed a southern state to form a new government after 10 percent of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States.
Johnson's Reconstruction Plan
Required former Confederate states to ratify the 13th amendment before they could rejoin the union.
Rebuilding After The Civil War.
Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude.
Compromise of 1866
Divided the South into 5 territories, each governed by martial law.
Civil Rights act of 1866
Passed by Congress on 9th April 1866 over the veto of President Andrew Johnson. The act declared that all persons born in the United States were now citizens, without regard to race, color, or previous condition.
vetoed the freedmen's bureau and civil rights act of 1866
Civil Rights Bill of 1866
All people born in the United States were now citizens. Without regard to race, color, or previous condition.
The Reconstruction Act of 1867
Laid out the process for readmitting southern states into the Union.
defining national citizenship and forbidding the states to restrict the basic rights of citizens or other persons.
An era in American history when the surface of it was glittering but it was corrupt underneath. (1870-1890s)
Exclusive possession or conteo\rol of the supply trade in a commodity or service.
John D. Rockefeller
A man who founded Standard Oil, controlled most oil in the nation (90%) and got secret rates from the railroad
The right for any citizens to vote, no matter race, color.
Compromise of 1877
was an informal, unwritten deal, that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election. It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era. SIGNALED THE END OF RECONSTRUCTION!!
Jim Crows Laws
Enforced racial segregation in the South.
The first wave of immigrants to come to the U.S.
The New immigrants are the second wave of immigrants to arrive.
Civil Service Act
A merit-based system of selecting government officials and supervising their work.
Interstate Commerce Act
A law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry/ a prohibition of unfair practices by the Railroad.
A true rags to riches story, Andrew Carnegie owned steel mills and was cruel to his workers but become more generous later in life.
Sherman Antitrust Act
It made unfair monopoly practices illegal.
Closing of the Frontier
Free land longer avaliable
2 waves of Immagrants
When people overwork their workers and don't treat them fairly
The Progressive Era
The Progressive Era is a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States that spanned from the 1890s to the 1920s. The main objectives of the Progressive movement were eliminating problems caused by industrialization, urbanization, immigration, and political corruption.
When Basketball Was Created
The best sport ever was created then and it's the historical event I'm using for my timeline.
Plessy V Ferguson
Landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court.
allowed poor, uneducated whites to vote.
A novel was written by Upton Sinclair bringing attention to the disgusting conditions in Chicago meat factories and in similar industries.
Triangle Shirtwaist Company
It was a fire that happened in a garment factory and it happened because of poor working conditions. It killed 145 workers and led to the development of laws to better protect workers.
Income tax, the congress can collect tax on incomes.
Election of two U.S. senators from each state by popular vote and for a term of six years.
Often a journalist who seeks out the "muck" meaning they search for misdeeds, criminal acts or corruption. They mainly go after powerful business men. 1900-1917
prohibiting the sale, consumption, or transportation of alcohol. repealed in 1933.
Gave women the right to vote.
Birth date 12/28/2003
When I was born December 28, 2003
First Christmas ever and a good moment in my life because it happens every year and its the first part of it