Dred Scott, a slave, whose master took him to live in a free state. Eventually they returened to a slave state, Missouri. Scott sued because he had lived in a free state; he is allowed to sue under the Missouri Compromise and Northwest Ordinances. The supreme Court decided against Scott for three reasons: african americans were not considered citizens, the goverment couldn't prohibit slavery in territories, and the Missouri Compromise was illegal.
Dred Scott Decision Citations
Photo: Dred Scott. Photograph. Loc.gov. Dred Scott v. Sandford: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). Web. 23 Feb. 2012. http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/DredScott.html.
Info: Mix, D. L. "Causes of the Civil War Continued." The Dred Scott Decision. 14 Feb. 2012. Lecture.
Amber's Civil War Timeline
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Uncle Tom's Cabin was a book written by Harriett Beecher Stowe. Her book changed the way Northerners viewed African Americans and slavery. The South tried rigorously to get Stowe's book banned. Many historians consider it one of the causes of the Civil War.
Stephen Douglas, a Senator from Illinois, was determined to get the Great Plains settled. He propsed to undo the Missouri Compromise and allow slavery above the Missouri Compromise line. He wanted even more, he wanted to divide the territory into two: Kansas and Nebraska. Douglas tried to avoid the topic of slavery by allowing people of new territories to use Popular Sovereignty. The Act passed in May 1854.
Shortly before the election of 1860 John Brown held a raid on Harper's Ferry. He was outnumbered and was forced to surrender. Even though Republicans denounced his raid, Democrats still blamed them because them as well as Brown opposed slavery. Southern states threatened to secede the union if Republic won presidency. The Democratic party split between Stephen Douglas and John Breckinridge. The Republicans found a canidate to sweep the North, Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln won presidency.
South Carolina seceded from the union first on Dec 20 1860. By March of 1861 six more states left the union (Miss. Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Luisiana, and Texas). After the war at Fort Sumter, four more states followed (VA, AR, TN, and NC)
The Gettysburg Address was given as part of a ceremony for those who died in the Gettysburg battlefield. Lincoln's introducer took more time introducing him to give this five minute speech that Lincoln's speech itself. This is one of the greatest speechs of our time.
Congress created the Freedman's Bureau in March of 1865. The job of the Bureau was to feed and cloth war refugees. The Bureau also help formerly enslaved people find jobs.
Freedman's Bureau Citations
Photo: Freedmen's Bureau. Photograph. Wikipedia.org. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Feb. 2012. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedmen's_Bureau>.
Info: Mix, D. L. "The Effects of the War and Reconstruction." The Freedman's Bureau. 21 Feb. 2012. Lecture.
Virginia site of the surrender that ended the Civil War. Robert E. Lee surrendered his forces to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865 at the home of Wilmer McLean.
In 1865 on the 14th of April, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated but John Wilkes Booth. Lincoln was accompanying his wife to the theater. Booth being a party of the theatrical cast knew the backways of the theater and snuck up behind Lincoln and shot him.
The fourteenth amendment was created on the ninth of July in 1868 by Congress in fear of an Act being overturned. The 14th amendment was created to gaurentee citizenship, due process, and equal protection.
14th Amendment Citations
Photo: 14th Amendment. Photograph. Ericedmonds.com. Global Current Affairs. Web. 24 Feb. 2012. http://www.ericedmonds.com/2010_07_25_archive.html.
Info: Mix, D. L. "The Effects of the War and Reconstruction." Power Struggle In Washington. 21 Feb. 2012. Lecture.
The fifteenth amendment was created by Congress on the 3rd of February in 1870 after Reconstruction had ended. The 15th amendment states that all men can vote.
For the election of 1876, the Republicans nominated Rutherford B. Hayes. The Denotcats nominatedSamuel Tilden. In the election Tilden got 184 electoral votes, short 1 of majority. Hayes recieved 165 electoral votes. That left 20 votes in dispute. Hayes won after several Southern Democrats supposrted him.
Election of 1876 Citations
Photo: 1876 Election. Photograph. Dipity.com. Dipity. Web. 24 Feb. 2012. http://www.dipity.com/rutter/personal/.
Info: Mix, D. L. "Reconstruction: Power Struggle-Grant_end of Reconstruction." Reconstruction Ends. 22 Feb. 2012. Lecture.