French revolution

  • Estates General

    Estates General
    After the participation of France in the American Revolution, the country became bankrupt and the population protested against the tax increase. So in 1789, the king convened the Estates General, an assembly representing the clergy, the nobility and the middle class of France, and delegates from the three estates of each locality were present to complain to the king.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

    Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
    In this declaration recognized personal liberties, equality under the law and property, it was a declaration of democratic principles based on the philosophical and political ideas of Enlightenment thinkers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
    Together with the Decree abolishing feudal rights, it marked the end of absolutism and the triumph of the revolution.
  • Meeting of the States General

    Meeting of the States General
    In 1789, the Estates General met and the representatives of the third estate realized the disadvantage that they suffered before the nobility and the clergy, so they renamed themselves the National Assembly, being expelled from the States, and going on to meet in the Jeu de Pomme.
  • The Bastille

    The Bastille
    Because of the measures taken by the king, Parisians storm the Bastille to get gunpowder and weapons, a former political prison of Louis XIV and symbol of absolutism. in addition, the peasants rebelled against years of exploitation and they burned the houses of the tax collectors. It is believed to be the beginning of the French Revolution.
  • Constitution

    The National Constituent Assembly approved in 1991 the Constitution until August 10, 1792. It proclaimed the principle of popular sovereignty and organized a regime of constitutional monarchy, introducing Montesquieu's division of powers.
  • Assault on the Tuileries Palace

    Assault on the Tuileries Palace
    The extremist Jacobins attacked the royal residence, the Tuileries Palace, and arrested the king on August 10, 1792.
    The next month, the Legislative Assembly was replaced by the National Convention, which established the French Republic.
  • War against Austria and Prussia

    War against Austria and Prussia
    In April 1792, the Legislative Assembly declared a war against Austria and Prussia because they believed that the French emigrants were creating counter-revolutionary alliances with these countries
  • First Coalition

    First Coalition
    Austria, Prussia, United Kingdom of Great Britain, Italy and Spain formed the First Coalition, being the first to confront Napoleon to end the republicanism that emerged after the French Revolution.
  • Marat's death

    Marat's death
    Marat, representative of the revolution, is murdered by a royalist in 1793. This act together with the British attack on Toullouse caused the beginning of the Reing of Terror, a period in which the constitution was eliminated and laws were created to kill any person without evidence, causing the death of 50,000 people.
  • Death of Louis XVI

    Death of Louis XVI
    The new convention declared Louis XVI guilty of treason and condemned him to the guillotine on 21 January 1793. His execution marked the end of the absolutist monarchy in France.
  • The coup d'état of the 9th

    The coup d'état of the 9th
    The coup d'état of the 9th was on July 7, 1794, which ended the Reign of Terror and established the Thermidorian reaction. Robespierre, Saint-Just, Couthon and others were accused at the Convention and arrested at the Commune.
  • The death of Robespierre

    The death of Robespierre
    Robespierre, one of the most important politicians of the French Revolution, was persecuted and captured in Varennes and was guilty of establishing alliances with various foreign powers, so he was condemned to the guillotine on July 27, 1794.
  • Vendimiario Revolt

    Vendimiario Revolt
    The weakness of the executive power by the constitution caused the realists to restore the royalty, so they provoked a revolt, which was put down by Napoleon, this being his first relevant political act. The combat lasted around two hours and killed 400 soldiers and citizens.
  • End of the first coalition

    End of the first coalition
    Napoleon ended the first coalition in 1796 in Italy, although the European powers formed another coalition and started another war in 1799.
  • Napoleon's coup d'état

    Napoleon's coup d'état
    Napoleon after winning many battles, defeated the revolt of 1795 and ended the first coalition, got a high level of power and supported by the bourgeoisie. So he gave a coup d'état, proclaiming himself consul, ending with the Directory and starting his government, which is considered the end of the French Revolution.