Foundations of American Government

  • Declaration of Independence

    THe document signed and adopted on July 4th, 1776, by the COntinental Congress, establishing the United States' independence from the British. It marked the beginning of the founding of America's own government.
  • "E Pluribus Unum"

    "Out of many, one." Motto of the U.S.
  • John Trumbell Sr.

    Born on October 12th, 1710 and a governer of the pre-revolutionaly and post-revolutionary states, He was a colonial governor who joined the rebel cause. He died on August 17th, 1785
  • U.S. Constitution

    The document that granted rights to the citizens of the United States and explained how the new government would be set up, with the citizens' needs in mind. It was signed on September 17th, 1787
  • Bill of Rights

    The Bill of Rights is a part of the U.S. Constitution which gives citizens their inalienable rights, it was added to the constitution on December 15th, 1791
  • Fifth Amendment

    "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces..."
  • John Hancock

    Born on January 12th, 1737. He was a statesman and patriot of the American Revolution. He was president of the Continental Congress. He is mostly known for his flamboyant signature on the Declaration of Independence. He died on October 8th, 1793.
  • John Witherspoon

    Signed the Declaration of Independence ad the representative of New Jersey. He was born on Febuary 5th, 1723 and died on November 15th, 1794.
  • John Peter Muhlenberg

    An American clergyman that served in the American Revolutionary War. He was born on October 1st, 1746 and died on October 1st, 1807.
  • Benjamin Rush

    Founding father of the United States, born on December 24th, 1745. He served in the Continental Army. He died on April 19th, 1813
  • John Jay

    American statesman, patriot, diplomat, and founding father. He signed and negotiated the Treaty of Paris and was the first Chief Justice of the United States. He was born on December 12th, 1745 and died on May 17th, 1829.
  • Charles Carroll

    He was an advocate of Independence from Great Britain. He was born on Spetember 19th, 1737 and died on Nevember 14th, 1832.
  • Alexis de Toqueville + 5 Principals

    A French thinker observed U.S. government. He saw 5 principals that made U.S. government work: Liberty, Egalitarianism, Individualism, Populism, and Laissez Faire.
    Liberty allowed people to persure their own work. Egalitarianism; that there was no caste system in America and everyone was equal. Individualism; that through hard work and labour are keys to success. Populism; that people were allowed to voice their own opinion. Leissez-Faire; that the government cannot get involved with individuals
  • Eminent Domain

    The right of a government or its agent to expropriate private property for public use, with payment of compensation.
  • "In God We Trust"

    Adopted as the official motto of the United States in 1956 as as alternative or replacement to the official motto "E Pluribus Unum," which was adopted when the Great Seal of the United States was created and adopted in 1782.