Forensic Science: 1910-1923

  • Period: to

    Forensic Things That Happened From 1910-1923

    Hey, this is a time line, but that's obvious.
  • Hair and Guns

    Hair and Guns
    Victor Balthazard, professor of forensic medicine at the Sorbonne, with Marcelle Lambert, published the first
    comprehensive hair study, Le poil de l'homme et des animaux. In one of the first cases involving hairs, Rosella
    Rousseau was convinced to confess to murder of Germaine Bichon. Balthazard also used photographic enlargements
    of bullets and cartridge cases to determining weapon type and was among the first to attempt to individualize a bullet
    to a weapon.
  • First Police Crime Lab

    First Police Crime Lab
    Edmund Locard, successor to Lacassagne as professor of forensic medicine at the University of Lyons, France,
    established the first police crime laboratory.
  • Questinoed Documents is Published

    Questinoed Documents is Published
    Albert S. Osborne, an American and arguably the most influential document examiner, published Questioned
  • Crystals

    Masaeo Takayama developed another microscopic crystal test for hemoglobin using hemochromogen crystals.
  • Individualizing Bullet Markings

    Individualizing Bullet Markings
    Victor Balthazard, professor of forensic medicine at the Sorbonne, published the first article on individualizing bullet
  • ABO Blood Groups

    ABO Blood Groups
    Leone Lattes, professor at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Turin Italy, developed the first antibody test for ABO
    blood groups. He first used the test in casework to resolve a marital dispute. He published L’Individualità del sangue
    nella biologia, nella clinica, nella medicina, legale, the first book dealing not only with clinical issues, but heritability,
    paternity, and typing of dried stains.
  • International Association of Identification

    International Association of Identification
    International Association for Criminal Identification, (to become The International Association of Identification
    (IAI), was organized in Oakland, California.
  • Trace Evidence

    Trace Evidence
    Albert Schneider of Berkeley, California first used a vacuum apparatus to collect trace evidence.
  • Matching Fingerprint Identification

    Matching Fingerprint Identification
    Edmond Locard first suggested 12 matching points as a positive fingerprint identification.
  • Botanical Identification

    Botanical Identification
    Georg Popp pioneered the use of botanical identification in forensic work.
  • Mark Comparison

    Mark Comparison
    Luke May, one of the first American criminalists, pioneered striation analysis in tool mark comparison, including an
    attempt at statistical validation. In 1930 he published The identification of knives, tools and instruments, a positive
    science, in The American Journal of Police Science.
  • Bullets and Microscopes

    Bullets and Microscopes
    Calvin Goddard, with Charles Waite, Phillip O. Gravelle, and John H Fisher, perfected the comparison microscope
    for use in bullet comparison.
  • Catalog of Weapon Data

    Catalog of Weapon Data
    Charles E. Waite was the first to catalog manufacturing data about weapons.
  • Portable Polygraph

    Portable Polygraph
    John Larson and Leonard Keeler designed the portable polygraph.
  • Vittorio Siracusa

    Vittorio Siracusa
    Vittorio Siracusa, working at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the R. University of Messina, Italy, developed the
    absorbtion-elution test for ABO blood typing of stains. Along with his mentor, Lattes also performed significant work
    on the absorbtion-inhibition technique.
  • Polygraph Testing

    Polygraph Testing
    In Frye v. United States, polygraph test results were ruled inadmissible. The federal ruling introduced the concept of
    general acceptance and stated that polygraph testing did not meet that criterion.