Feudal Japan

  • Jan 1, 1232

    ‘Goseibai Shikimoku’ legal code established.

    The 'Goseibai Shikimoku' was the legal code of the Kamakura shogunate in Japan promulgated by third shikken Hōjō Yasutoki in 1232.
  • Nov 18, 1274

    First Mongol Invasion

    The first Mongol invasion of Japan occurred in 1274. The armada demolished Tsushima and Iki islands and arrived at Hakata Bay on November 18th. On the following day, the troops landed on the bay and fought the Japanese defense on land. The Japanese were no match for the Mongol's cavalry tactics and weaponry including their small explosive bombs, which the Japanese had never encountered before. The Japanese defense had no choice but to retreat to a fortress near Dazaifu. That night, when the
  • Sep 1, 1281

    Second Mongol Invasion

    In the spring of 1281, the Mongols sent two separate forces; an impressive force of 900 ships containing 40,000 Korean, Chinese, and Mongol troops set out from Masan, while an even larger force of 100,000 sailed from southern China in 3,500 ships. The Mongols' plan called for an overwhelming coordinated attack from the combined imperial Yuan fleets.
  • Jan 1, 1318

    Emperor Go-Daigo overthrows the Kamakura government.

    Go Daigo took the thrown in 1318. Go Daigo wanted to return the power and authority of the imperial thrown and over throw the shogunate. He declared his son as his successor which would break the north, south succession pattern. In 1331 the shogunate decreed that Go Daigo must be exiled. However, forces loyal to Go Daigo combined with others, including Ashikaga Takauji, who turned on the Hojo clan and the shogunate was defeated in 1333.
  • Feb 15, 1348

    Rivalry between northern and southern emperors begins.

    The rivalry between the northern and southern emperors of japan begins. This lasts for three years.
  • Jan 1, 1392

    Unification of Norther and Southern courts.

    Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.Ashikaga Yoshimitsu resolved the fighting between the Northern and Southern courts in Japan, 1392 and unifyed Japan.
  • Period: Sep 17, 1467 to Sep 17, 1573

    Warring states

    Unification of political power in the tokugawa shogunate.
  • Jan 1, 1543

    Firearms Arrive in Japan

    The first Portugese trading ships arrived in Japan in 1543, introducing the gun in the midst of a highly volatile period that Japanese historians call the "Age of the Country at War". During this period, Japan was ruled by hundreds of competing warlords.
  • Period: to

    The Tokugawa Shogunate Rules Japan.

    Tokugawa Leyasu began the Shogunate and it lasted for 268 years. The Capital of the Shogunate was Edo, now called Tokyo.
  • Minamoto clan seized power in the emperor’s name.

    In 814, Emperor Saga (reigned 809–823) awarded the kabane Minamoto no Ason to his non-heir sons; thereafter, they and their descendants ceased to be members of the Imperial Family. Several subsequent emperors gave the Minamoto surname to their non-heir sons.