Educational Time-Line

  • 1944 Education Act

    A completely new education system was established, with the title ‘Ministry of Education’. Power was devolved to each individual borough in the form of Local Education Authorities (LEA’s). The LEA’s responsibilities included ensuring that nursery education was available for under 5’s, provision was made for pupils that may suffer from a disability, and that boarding was an option where appropriate. The leaving age was set to 15 years of age and would be raised to 16 as soon as possible.
  • Period: to

    Educational Time-line

  • Emergency Teacher Training

    After WWII there was a shortage of teachers, therefore an emergency training programme was introduced in 1945. By 1950, 53 training colleges had opened.
  • GCE

    Introduction of General Certificate of Education (GCE). Normally taken at 16 (O Level), mostly in Grammar & Independent Schools.
  • 1962 Education Act

    LEA's are required to provide grants towards living costs and tuition fees for students in further education.
  • 1964 Education Act

    Plans for the 11-plus exam to be abolished.
  • CSE

    Introduction of Certificate in Secondary Education (CSE).
  • 1970 Education (Handicapped Children) Act

    Ended the classification of handicapped children as being unsuitable for education at school.
  • 1973 Education (Work Experience) Act

    Enabled children to gain work-experience whilst still at school.
  • 1976 Education Act / 11-Plus Exaam

    Schools should not be able to select pupils, 11-Plus exam phased out.
  • 1979 Education Act

    Gave back power to LEA's so that they could again select pupils for secondary education.
  • 1980 Education Act

    More power is given to parents, for example parents now have the right to select schools and appeal decisions.
  • 1981 Education Act

    LEA's were now responsible for identifying, assessing, and making arrangements for children with special learning needs.
  • National Curriculum

    Government produces consultation paper 'National Curriculum 5-16'
  • Uplands Infant School

    I started my education at Uplands Infant School, Smethwick.
  • 1988 Education Reform Act

    Very big change to the Education system. The National Curriculum was established, consisting of English, Maths, Science, History, Geography, Technology, Music, Art, PE and one modern foreign language. The Key Stages were defined as were assessment plans at the end of each Key Stage.
  • 1990 Education (Student Loans) Act

    This Act marked the introduction of student loans.
  • Abbey Junior School

    When I moved house I attended Abbey Junior School.
  • 1992 Further and Higher Education Act

    This Act removed the LEA's control over Higher Education institutions such as Sixth-Forms and Colleges.
  • OfSTED - 1992 Education (Schools) Act

    OfSTED was created.
  • 1993 Education Act

    Very large piece of legislation that covered funding for schools, new rules on admissions, religious education, school places, special educational needs (SEN) and codes of practice relating to SEN, attendance and schools falling into special measures.
  • 1994 Education Act

    Teacher Training Agency (TTA) was created.
  • Warley High School

    My secondary school was Warley High School. After I left it became Oldbury College of Sport and later an Academy.
  • 1996 Education (Student Loans) Act

    This Act extended the use of Student Loans.
  • 1996 Education Act

    Consolidated all previous Education Acts since 1944.
  • 1997 White Paper Excellence in Schools

    Schools are encouraged to become ‘specialist’ schools, class sizes should be reduced to 30 or under, and Primary schools will spend at least an hour a day teaching English and an hour on Maths (National Literacy/Numeracy Strategy).
  • 1998 School Standards and Framework Act

    Guidance where Secondary schools were allowed to select pupils based on their ability in one or more subjects.
  • Fresh Start scheme

    Failing inner-city schools had 'super-heads' appointed to try and improve the school. The scheme only lasted one year after many of the 'super-heads' resigned.
  • Specialist Colleges

    Labour announce that hundred of comprehensive schools are to become 'specialist' schools. This involves raising capital and then receiving extra income per pupil.
  • 2000 Learning and Skills Act

    Adult Learning Inspectorate is established, HM Chief Inspector also oversees further education for 16-19 year olds.
  • Stourbridge College

    As my Secondary school did not have a sixth-form attached to it, I attended Stourbridge College.
  • Curriculum 2000

    Introduction of the AS-Level, with the first AS-Level exams taken in 2001.
  • Staffordshire University

    After leaving Stourbridge I attended Staffordshire University, graduating in 2006.
  • Modern Apprenticeships

    Labour announce plans to change the apprenticeship programme, apprenticeships are now available to 14-16 year olds.
  • 2004 Higher Education Act

    Universities are now able to charge variable top-up fees.
  • OfSTED Inspections

    OfSTED announce that they will now be able to give only a few days notice prior to an inspection, and that the inspections will be a lot shorter.
  • 2005 Education Act

    Act included areas such as childminding, nursery care, training of staff, pupil attendance.
  • 2006 Education and Inspections Act

    All secondary schools would be encouraged to become independent schoold backed by private sponsors.
  • 2008 Education and Skills Act

    Children will be required to be in education or training until they are 18 years of age. To be phased in 2013
  • 2009 Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act

    All suitably qualified 16-18 year olds can apply for an Apprenticeship.
  • 2010 Child Poverty Act

    Set about taking steps to eradicate child poverty.
  • 2010 Academies Act

    Removed the rights of teachers, parent and local authorities to oppose a school becoming an Academy, also allowed for 'Outstanding' schools to be fast-tracked to Academy status.
  • Education Act 2011

    There are many aspects of this such as; review panels replace Indepent Appeal Panels, schools have more powers to search pupils, local authorities will have no say in who promotes new Academies.