Education Timeline

  • Puritan Children learn

    General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony order that every town of fifty families should have an elementary school and that every town of 100 families should have a Latin school.
  • Poor children recieve free education

    Pennsylvania state constitution calls for free public education but only for poor children. It is expected that rich people will pay for their children's schooling.
  • Reform schooling

    Massachusetts Reform School at Westboro opens, where children who have refused to attend public schools are sent. This begins a long tradition of "reform schools," which combine the education and juvenile justice systems.
  • Compulsory Ed Law

    State of Massachusetts passes first its compulsory education law. The goal is to make sure that the children of poor immigrants get "civilized" and learn obedience and restraint, so they make good workers and don't contribute to social upheaval.
  • Plessy v.Ferguson separate but equal

    A time where the supreme court ruled that segregation that racial segregation laws did not violate the U.S. Constitution as long as the facilities for each race were equal in quality. It was between the black and white people. It brought the black communities together because there was no class distinction. Following the law there was a ,ass killing of African Americans.
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    The U.S government ruled that the racial segregation was unconstitutional. They attempted to enroll their children in segregated white schools and all were denied. Topeka operated eighteen neighborhood schools for white children, while African American children had access to only four schools.
  • Education of all Handicapped Children Act

    This act required all public schools accepting federal funds to provide equal access to education. They also received one free meal a day for children with physical and mental disabilities. They wanted to guarantee that decisions about services to students with disabilities are fair and appropriate. This Positively affected children with disabilities because they weren't left out.
  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    Students do not leave their rights at the schoolhouse door. It defined First Amendment rights of students in U.S. public schools. The Supreme Court’s majority ruled that neither students nor teachers “shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate.
  • Title-IX

    prohibits sex-based discrimination in any school or other education program that receives federal money. The law opened doors and removed barriers for girls and women, no will be excluded from participation in or be denied the benefits. The was a positive affect on women in education.
  • NO denying public education-plyler v joe

    established that a State cannot deny free public education to children who are illegally in the country. Equal protection applies to all residents. This was affecting any immigrants or aliens in the U.S. Undocumented children at an educational disadvantage would be unjust particularly because the children are in the country illegally through no fault of their own.
  • Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe

    Ruled that a policy permitting student-led, student-initiated prayer at high school football games violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. This case limited the opportunities public schools have to endorse religious messages at school ceremonies. They established a policy that allowed the student body to vote on whether or not they wished to have an invocation to “solemnize” sports events.
  • Certain school voucher programs are constitutional.

    A 5-4 decision of the United States Supreme Court that upheld an Ohio program that used school vouchers. The Court decided that the program did not violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment even if the vouchers could be used for private, religious schools. federal district court in Ohio found in favor of the taxpayer group and permanently enjoined the government-financed voucher program.