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EDH 648 Historical Perspective

By deckerg
  • References

    Dirkx, J. (2007). Overview of historical contexts of adult learning. Lecture presented at Michigan State University, EAD 861. Sass, E. (2011). American Educational History: A Hypertext Timeline. Retrieved February 11, 2011 from http://www.cloudnet.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html. The Learning Revolution White Paper. Retrieved February 11, 2011 from http://www.e-c-a.ac.uk/the-learning-revolution/.
  • Democracy

    How do we build and sustain democracy?
  • Period: to

    18th Century

    These dates are relative! This span is in the early days of the US becoming a nation until just before the Civil War.
  • No Women

    Controversy over whether women should participate in education.
  • Liberal Education

    Valued "Liberal Education" in learning
  • Building Boom

    Although several colleges began in the late 17th and 18th centuries, (Harvard, College of William & Mary, Princeton, Dartmouth, among others) there was a "boom" in starting colleges in the early 1800s. More than 200 opened doors between 1800 - 1850, but many could not sustain the costs.
  • Other notables

    Debate over purpose of education - theory v. practice (what do I know v. what can I do)
    Development of literary societies, urban gentlemen's clubs, self-education
    Some vocational emphasis
  • Emphasis shift

    Primary focus on economic development and building a democracy
  • Educating larger segments

    Wider availability of books (printing press), literary societies and lyceums, and mutual improvement societies
  • Women joining

    In the early 1800s, a larger number of women participated
  • African Institute

    The African Institute opens - oldest higher education institution for African Americans (now called Cheyney University)
  • Just before Civil War

    Rise of vocational education for occupational specialization, and criticism of traditional liberal arts education
  • Morrill Act

    a.k.a. "Land Grant Act" -donates public lands to states, the sale of which will be used for the "endowment, support, and maintenance of at least one college"

    (Our Land Grant university - Michigan State)
  • Period: to

    Late 18th and early 19th centuries

    Again, these are not specific dates, but general timeframes.
  • Chautauqua movement

  • Shifts in education

    Change about what is "useful knowledge" - industrial base
    Decline of literary societies
    Increased participation of women
    Education for more people rather than only "elite"
    Rise in vocational ed - work training and curriculum
  • Period: to

    Contemporary times - Since the 1920's

  • Growth in adult learning

    Due to university extension, evening clsses, women's clubs, and chautauquas.
  • GI Bill

    The GI Bill had a large effect on the growth of adult participation in higher education.
  • Emergence of CC

    Junior and Community college growth, with average age in late 20s or older.
  • Andragogy

    Although not *new* to this era, the rise of progressive education took hold around this time period, primarily attributed to John Dewey. Picking up on this was Malcolm Knowles, who then popularized andragogy.
  • Period: to

    Today

    Where we are now and what we've learned
  • Occupational

    The focus of education is still largely on occupational or vocational training.
  • Lifelong Learning

    LIfelong Learning starts to move from being a slogan to an accepted and valued concept
  • How adults learn

    Incidentally and intentionally. Adults learn in formal, nonformal, and informal settings. UK recognizes the value of informal and nonformal learning through The Learning Revolution". This is a national endeavor to create support for informal learning and build a culture of learning. (You can see the executive summary in our course site.)
  • Social and Cultural Context

    Influence of race, class, gender, politics plays a huge part in access to and purpose for education. Social and cultural context is critical in shaping the meaning.
  • References

    Dirkx, J. (2007). Overview of historical contexts of adult learning. Lecture presented at Michigan State University, EAD 861. Sass, E. (2011). American Educational History: A Hypertext Timeline. Retrieved February 11, 2011 from http://www.cloudnet.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html. The Learning Revolution White Paper. Retrieved February 11, 2011 from http://www.e-c-a.ac.uk/the-learning-revolution/.