Early American Wars Timeline

  • The Battles of Lexington and Concord

    Tensions had been building for many years between residents of the 13 American colonies and the British authorities, particularly in Massachusetts. This was the first battle of the Revolutionary War. For the colonists, 49 were killed, 39 were wounded, and five were missing. For the British, 73 were killed, 174 were wounded, and 26 were missing. A British party at Concord's North Bridge was finally confronted by around 400 American patriots and forced to withdraw.
  • The Winter at Valley Forge

    Washington used the winter to improve his army. Troops drilled daily under the teaching of Baron von Steuben, who implemented a system of standardized military training that enhanced the fighting ability of the Army.
  • Benedict Arnold turns traitor date

    Revolutionary War hero Benedict Arnold turned his back on America in a secret meeting with a top British official.
  • The Battle of Cowpens

    In the American Revolution a American victory over a British force on the northern border of South Carolina that slowed Lord Cornwallis's campaign to invade North Carolina. British deaths were estimated at around 600 whereas the Americans lost only 72.
  • The USS Constitution defeats the HMS Guerriere

    USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere was a battle between a American and British boat during the War of 1812. It occured one month after the war's first engagement between British and American forces
  • The Battle of Baltimore

    The battle started because a second British invasion force had burned the government buildings in the capital, Washington, D.C. They hoped to follow up their success by seizing the port city of Baltimore. It was a sea/land battle fought between British invaders and American defenders. In the U.S., 28 were killed, 250 wounded, and 50 were captured; British, 46 were killed, 300 wounded. American forces invaders off the port city and killed the commander of the invading British forces.
  • The Battle of New Orleans

    The Battle of New Orleans was fought on January 8, 1815 between the British Army under Major General Sir Edward Pakenham and the United States Army under Brevet Major General Andrew Jackson.
  • The Election of Andrew Jackson

    It featured a repetition of the 1824 election as President John Quincy Adams of the National Republican Party faced Andrew Jackson of the Democratic Party. Both parties were new groups. This election saw the second rematch in presidential history, something that would not happen again until 1840.
  • The Battle of the Alamo

    The Battle of the Alamo was an important event in the Texas Revolution and American History because it set the rest of Texas to fight against the Mexican army eventually leading to a victory over Santa Ana at the Battle of San Jacinto. The battle of the Alamo was fought over issues like Federalism, preservation of the Antebellum South, slavery, immigration rights, the cotton industry, and above all, money. Mexican forces were victorious and nearly all of the 200 Texan defenders died.
  • Mexico loses California, New Mexico, and Arizona

    A treaty signed between the 2 ended the war between the United States and Mexico. By its terms, Mexico gave up 55% of its territory including the present-day states California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, most of Arizona and Colorado, and parts of Oklahoma, Kansas, and Wyoming.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President

    Abraham Lincoln was an American lawyer and statesman who served as the 16th president of the United States. He built the Republican Party into a strong national organization. Further, he rallied most of the northern Democrats to the Union cause. On January 1, 1863, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy. Unfortunately, he was assassinated in 1865.
  • South Carolina secedes from the United States

    South Carolina became the first state to secede from the federal Union. Because of the presidential victory of Abraham Lincoln in the 1860 election, triggered cries for disunion across the slaveholding South.
  • The First Battle of Bull Run

    It was a Confederate victory, followed by a disorganized retreat of the Union forces. This was the first major battle of the American Civil War. The end result of the battle was a Confederate victory and Federal forces retreated to the defenses of Washington, DC.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Confederates and the Union were aiming for two different ideas, which led to a collision of the two armies. The battle had the largest number of casualties of the entire war. The battle was a defeat for the Confederacy. Union casualties in the battle numbered 23,000, while the Confederates had lost 28,000. Which is more than a third of the Union army. Eventually, about 2 years later in 1865, the Confederate army surrendered their last army, resulting in the end of the Civil War.
  • The Treaty at Appomattox Courthouse

    The surrender at Appomattox Court House was a military surrender of an army which was surrounded. The Confederate government never surrendered.
  • The sinking of the USS Maine

    An explosion of unknown origin sank the battleship U.S.S. killing 266 of the 354 crew members. The explosion shattered U.S. relations with Spain and led to a declaration of war on April 25, 1898. War with Spain caused the U.S. to rethink its long-held principle of anti-colonialism.
  • The Adoption of the Star Spangled Banner as the National Anthem

    "The Star-Spangled Banner" is the national anthem of the United States. The Battle of Fort McHenry inspired Francis Scott Key to write "The Star-Spangled Banner. The song was written after Key witnessed the Maryland fort being bombarded by the British during the War of 1812. Key wrote the song as a poem first after he was relieved that the United States had preserved against British attack. Since then it has evolved into the national anthem for the United States.
  • Battle of Philippines

    A naval battle in World War II between the Japanese Combined Fleet and the U.S. Fifth Fleet. it accompanied the U.S. landing on Saipan and ended in a U.S. victory.