DAH100- timeline

  • 10,000 BCE

    Paleolithic Period

    Although we don’t quite know when this era started, we can assume it started around 2 million years ago. The Paleolithic period is the earliest period of human development and is the longest era of mankind thus far. Just like how we are unsure of when the Paleolithic period began , we are also unsure as to when it exactly ended! Going off of the knowledge we have, it is guess that this period came to an end in a variety of places 10,000-40,000 years ago!
  • 9500 BCE

    Neolithic Period/ Era

    Beginning in 9500 BC, the Neolithic Era began in the a Middle East and was considered as the ending of the Stone Age. During this time, Technology was developed in farming a rose. The high rise in farming resulting in something we know as the “ Neolithic Revolution.” The Neolithic Revolution then started the wide spread of metal tools.
  • 753 BCE

    Ancient Rome

    We’re not sure exactly when Rome was founded but we can assume it was around 753 BC. During the rise of Rome, the "Golden Age" started to flourish. During this time theater became more involved. Although most performances were choreographed, some were improvised and the dancers mostly included slaves. With a handful of early dances being associated with religious rites, priests or religious leaders performed them. Dances during this time included the Roman Circus and the Pyrrhic dance.
  • 476 BCE

    Medieval Period

    During this time, the Roman empire fell in the rise of the Renaissance begin. Eastern societies were able to experience what is known as the Islamic golden age. Many major advances took place during this era in a new form of dance was arising. Belly dancing a rose and was characterized by swaying and rocking of the hips and other full body/arm movements. Then came the Dark in the Middle ages in which the role of the Catholic Church changed the importance of art. This later changed.
  • 1400

    Renaissance Period

    The renaissance period was truly a cultural movement in which we think money flow was a big part of. Although beginning in Florence it became widespread in the rest of Europe later on. Famous artist during this time included Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci. The folk dance was a very popular dance during this time but ballet also began. You could expect to see court dances such as the Sarabande during this time.
  • Period: 1519 to

    Catherine de Medici

    Catherine was born in Italy but moved to France! She had a major role in influencing dance in France. Once her husband had passed away, Catherine became a very powerful woman. While her oldest son gained power she did too!
  • 1581

    Comique de la Rain

    First ballet recorded. Comique de la Rain was supported by Catherine and choreographed by Balthazar Beaujoyeulx. This performance lasted almost 6 hours and has an interesting storyline.
  • Baroque Period

    Baroque, was a flourishing time for musical styles. These artistic styles started in about 1600 in Rome and later spread throughout Europe. This era of new artistic styles introduced opera.
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    Pierre Beauchamp

    Taught King Louis XIV and created the 5 fundamental foot position for ballet.
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    King Louis XIV

    King Louis XIV, was very involved in dance during this time. He would hold jaw-dropping gatherings where he would perform and make himself the star of the show. He later than created the first ever ballet school, Academie Royale de Dance (Paris Opera Ballet).
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    Marie de Camargo

    Marie was A French ballerina who was the first to perfect the Entrechat Deux. She then went on to change the costumes Are ballerinas. She cut the skirts a little bit shorter so she had freedom of movement and traded in ballerina heels for ballerina slippers!
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    Filipino Taglioni

    Filipino can be considered as the “father of romantic ballet”. His contribution to romantic ballet was major and some of his dances are still known today.
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    Marie Taglioni

    Daughter of Filippo Taglioni. Marie was know for her graceful movement and performances.
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    August Bournonville

    Choreographer mostly for the Royal Danish Ballet. Most popular for his reimagining of La Sylphide and creation of the Bournonville method.
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    Marius Petipa

    Can be considered as the King of Classical Ballet. He left his everlasting mark by his choreography forms for The Royal Ballet. Some dances including The Nutcracker, The Sleeping Beauty and Swan Lake.
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    Romantic Ballet

    Although the Romantic Ballet era was short lived, some ballets are still preformed today! Giselle and La Sylphide were popular ballets during this time.
  • The Big Three

    Famous choreographer, Marius Petipa, created what we know as The Big Three. these three performances included Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcracker
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    Serge Diaghilev

    Founder of Ballet Russes
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    Classical Ballet

    Classical ballet was a blend of the freedom in Italian style ballet and the technicality in French style ballet. These ballets were performed with extravagant sets and thought out costume ideas. The performers were considered to be extremely advanced for the time and all ballets ended with a finale.
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    Kurt Jooss

    He was a German ballet dancer/choreographer. What he did was extremely unique. He makes classical ballet with theater! He is most known for his work in the green table and the fact he established several dance companies.
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    George Balanchine

    “Father” of Neoclassical Ballet. George mainly focus on the movement music. He wanted his ballerinas to be stronger and more flexible.
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    Lincoln Kirsten

    Kirsten was an American writing as well as a cultural figure in New York City. Although he was never a dancer, he played a major role in our dance history. Under heavy influence of ballet ruses, Lincoln Opened an American School of Ballet in 1934, with Balanchine. He was wanting an American style ballet with American style training.
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    Antony Tudor

    He was an English choreographer, dancer and teacher. Antony saw the thoughtfulness of ballet as well psychological. He thought that ballet was a fuse of movements instead of a sequence of separate dances pieced together. He combined dramatic gestures as well as tension to show human condition in the form of dance. He’s better known for his famous works , such as The Leave are Fading
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    Ballet Russes

    A Russian ballet company founded in Paris! Although they never performed in Russia, they toured through Europe and eventually both North and South America.
  • Neoclassical Ballet

    Began in the 1920’s! George Balanchine is considered the father of this. He mainly focused on the movement and music.
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    Gerald Arpino

    He was the cofounder of Joffrey ballet, which Robert Joffrey later then ran. Creating nearly 50 Ballets, Trinity and Light Rain are some of his most popular!
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    Robert Joffrey

    An American dancer, teacher, producer as well as a choreographer. He’s known for his creation of the mix between modern and Ballets! He’s the cofounder of Joffrey ballet and was one of the first to study both modern and ballet!
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    Arthur Mitchell

    In 1968 he founded dance theater of Harlem to show that people of color were perfectly capable of excelling in classical ballet! He truly opened a door for other African-Americans to find love and ballet. This gave individuals of color completing open access to dance.
  • Mats Eks

    Still alive! Mats is both a ballet choreographer as well as dancer. Not only that but he is also a stage Director! He is mainly known for his work, apartment.
  • Jiri Kylian

    Still alive! Jiri Kylian was a Czech dancer and choreographer. He built a name for himself as he became artistic Director of Netherlands dance theater in 1976. This was a major steppingstone for him. He then went on to choreograph Ballets such as Sleepless (2004) and Falling Angels (1989).
  • Mikhail Baryshnikov

    Still alive! Mikhail was an American actor as well as ballet dancer who honestly blue every other mail classical dancer out of the water. He brought multiple training styles of multiple genres of dance to television! This was a huge step, as dance was being shown to a larger audience!
  • William Forsythe

    Some people know him as the most influential practitioner of the art. He developed a more extreme version of classical ballet and believed that music and dance were independent from each other. He took both choreography and visual arts, and created a masterpiece. He is known for his work with Forsythe Company.
  • Ohad Naharin

    Still alive! Israeli choreographer and dancer. He encouraged dancers to improvise so they can move beyond their limits. While directing at the Batsheva Dance Company, Ohad developed gaga. This is a movement language that he defined the company‘s training. This is not the actual technique used.
  • Edouardo Lock

    Still alive! Canadian dancer/choreographer, He created work for companies such as the Paris opera ballet as well as the royal ballet of Flanders. Not only that, but he is the founder of a Canadian dance group, better known as La La La human steps.
  • Wayne McGregor

    Still alive! An award winning British choreographer/Director. He created more than 15 works for the royal ballet. In 1993, McGregor founded studio Wayne McGregor. He went on to create more than 30 pieces for his own company! His success doesn’t stop there, he has worked on television shows and even directed an opera and choreographed theatre.
  • Christopher Wheeldon

    Christopher is an English choreographer of contemporary ballet. He joined the royal ballet in 1991 and then accomplished a major mile stone. Within his first year with the royal ballet, Christopher won a gold medal at the Prix de Lausanne. Christopher is better known for his choreography of Alice’s adventures in Wonderland!