Constitution 1

Constitutional Amendments

  • Bill of Rights (Amendments 1-5)

    Bill of Rights (Amendments 1-5)
    1. Protects the freedom of religion, speech, and the press, as well as the right to assemble and petition the government
    2. Protects the right to keep and bear arms
    3. Prohibits the forced quartering of soldiers out of war time
    4. Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out requirements for search warrants based on probable cause
    5. Sets out rules for indictment by grand jury and eminent domain, protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy
  • Bill of Rights (Amendments 6-10)

    Bill of Rights (Amendments 6-10)
    1. Protects the right to have a fair and speedy public trial by jury, including the rights to be notified of the accusations, to confront the accuser, to obtain witnesses and to retain counsel
    2. Provides for the right to trial by jury in certain civil cases, according to common law
    3. Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment
    4. Asserts the existence of unenumerated rights retained by the people
    5. Limits the powers of the federal government to those
  • 11th Amendment

    Immunity of states from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders. Lays the foundation for sovereign immunity
  • 12th Amendment

    Revises presidential election procedures
  • 13th Amendment

    Abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime
  • 14th Amendment

    Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges or Immunities Clause, the Due Process Clause, the Equal Protection Clause, and deals with post-Civil War issues
  • 15th Amendment

    Prohibits the denial of suffrage based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
  • 16th Amendment

    Allows the federal government to collect income tax
  • 17th Amendment

    Requires senators to be directly elected
  • 18th Amendment

    Establishes Prohibition of alcohol
  • 19th Amendment

    Establishes women's suffrage
  • 20th Amendment

    Fixes the dates of term commencements for Congress (January 3) and the President (January 20); known as the "lame duck amendment"
  • 21st Amendment

    Repeals the Eighteenth Amendment
  • 22nd Amendment

    Limits the president to two terms, or a maximum of 10 years (i.e., if a Vice President serves not more than one half of a President's term, they can be elected to a further two terms)
  • 23rd Amendment

    Provides for representation of Washington, D.C. in the Electoral College
  • 24th Amendment

    Prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of poll taxes
  • 25th Amendment

    Codifies the Tyler Precedent; defines the process of presidential succession
  • 26th Amendment

    Establishes 18 as the national voting age
  • 27th Amendment

    Prevents laws affecting Congressional salary from taking effect until the beginning of the next session of Congress