Computers Timeline

  • 450

    Chinese invent printing by inking carved wood blocks.

    1. Printing helped literacy advance.
    2. They wrote on na piece of paper.
    3. They took that paper and glued it to the wooden plate.
    4. The letters were carved out of the wood.
  • May 3, 776

    Homing pigeons carry messages about the olympics for ancient greeks.

    1. According to the earliest records, the first Olympic games were held in 776 BC.
    2. The Olympic games originate in athletic contests to honor of Zeus and other deities at Olympia.
    3. The games were also helped to solve the constant civil wars among the Greek city-states.
    4. During the Olympic games Elis and Olympia were sacred sites and that no armed man should set foot on the grounds.
  • May 2, 1450

    Johann Gutenberg invents a printing press using movable metal type.

    1. Gutenberg was the first European to use movable type printing, in around 1439.
    2. Among his many contributions to printing are: the invention of a process for mass-producing movable type; the use of oil-based ink; and the use of a wooden printing press similar to the agricultural screw presses of the period.
    3. Gutenberg's method for making type is traditionally considered to have included a type metal alloy and a hand mould for casting type.
    4. He was born 1398.
  • Early newspapers are published in Germany.

    1. The Relation aller Furnemmen und Gedenck Wurdigen historian was the first newspaper.
    2. It was made by Johann Carolus.
    3. It's recognized as the first newspaper.
    4. The first newspaper of modern Germany was the Avisa.
  • Ada Byron, a mathmatician, writes the world's first computer program for a computing machine designed by Charles Babbage, but never built.

    1. She was the daughter of Lord Byron.
    2. She was taught by Mary Samerville.
    3. Samerville introduced her to Charles Babbage.
    4. Babbage was an English mathematician who was the first to have the idea of a programmable computer.
  • Samuel Morse invents a telegraph that can send short and long beeps, called "dots" and "dashes".

    1. Samuel F.B. Morse was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts.
    2. Witnessing various experiments with Jackson's electromagnet, Morse developed the concept of a single-wire telegraph.
    3. In time the Morse code would become the primary language of telegraphy in the world, and is still the standard for rhythmic transmission of data.
    4. In a letter to a friend, Morse describes how vigorously he fought to be called the sole inventor of the electromagnetic telegraph despite the previous inventions.
  • Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone, transmitting the sound of the voice clearly over electrical wires.

    1. The first sentence transmitted from Bell was "Watson, come here; I want you.".
    2. The first telephone system, known as an exchange, which is a practical means of communicating between many people who have telephones.
    3. By 1874, Bell's initial work on the harmonic telegraph had entered a formative stage with progress it made both at his new Boston "laboratory" as well as at his family home in Canada a big success
    4. Bell's patent 174,465, was issued to Bell on March 7, 1876
  • Thomas Edison invents the phonograph, a device to recod sound on a wax cylinder

    Was introduced in 1877 that has had continued common use for reproducing (playing) sound recording.
    As used, a stylus traces the wavy lines that are eitherr scratched, engraved, or grooved.
    Was created in his laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
    Was 1 of the most dominant audio recording formats throughout much of the 20th century.
  • First long distance phone calls are made.

    1. March 27 - On this date in 1884 the first long-distance phone call was made, between Boston and New York City.
    2. Branch managers of the American Bell Telephone Company in Boston called their counterparts in New York City. (The second call was probably from a telemarketing company.)
    3. The telephone has a fascinating history. It's one of the common items in homes that has drastically changed within the memory of people living today.
    4. Many people today can still remember party lines.
  • Gugliermo Marconi sends the first radio signal across the Atlantic Ocean.

    1. Gugliermo Marconi was born in 1874 in Bologna Italy.
    2. Marconi was awarded honors by many countries for his invention.
    3. During WW1 he was in charge of the Italian Wireless Servaces.
    4. In 1901 he communicated signals accress the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Pictures are first transmitted over telephone lines

    Principles used in 1924 were the same as those today.
    A photographic transparency was mounted on spinning drum and scanned.
    Images were transmitted over phone lines and deposited onto a similarly spinning sheet.
    Fax images were 5x7
  • In The Year Of 1928 . . . .

    1- The First Yo-Yo Company Was Opened. 2- Mickey Mouse Cartoon Starred In Steamboat Willie. 3- Japan Breaks Off Relationship With China . 4- Major Earthquake Destroys The Town Of Corinth.
  • First communications satellite is launched, allowing worldwide live broadcast of the 1964 Olympics

    1. The first Relay satellite, launched December 13, 1962, could not at first function properly.
    2. The problems relative to the satellite had been partially resolved by January 3, 1963, making possible the beginning of experiments in transatlantic communication.
    3. Because of difficulties experienced with the command system of transponder No.1, project managers decided to employ the other transponder.
    4. On January 3, 1963, they activated transponder No.2.
  • The internet is inventedby the U.S. government as a means of military communication.

    Began with the development of the computers in the 1950s.
    In 1982 the TCP/IP standardized.
    Since the 1990s internet has been a direct impact on culture.
    The APRANET was decommissioned in 1990.
  • The first E-mail messages are sent

    Was sent by Raymond Samuel Tomlinson.
    Was called SNDMSG.
    Users could write more data on it.
    Computers were improved so messages could send to remote computers.
  • The personal computer, both small and powerfull, is invented.

    1. One was the MITS Altair 8800.
    2. Bill Gates and Paul Allen wrote a basic complier.
    3. The next year Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak made the first Apple computer. 4.Another computer is the IMSAI.
  • Tim Berners-Lee invents the World Wide Web.

    1. He was born June 8th, 1955.
    2. He made a proposal information managment.
    3. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth for his work.
    4. He was elected a foreign associate of the United States National Accomy.
  • In The Year Of 1993 . . .

    1-ATF Agents Raid The Branch Davidian Compound 2-Janet Reno Sworn In As An U.S. Attorney General 3-The Montreal Canadiens Stanley Cup Winners. 4-Michael Jordan Retired.
  • Chinese make a paper from rags

    It was the first year of a paper industry.
    He made it by mixing finely chopped mulberry bart and hemp rags.
    He based the idea on bart cloth.
    Bark cloth was very comman in China
  • Chinese develop postal system to deliver written messages.

    1. They have had it since the Han Dynasty.
    2. It was established by Ugedei Khan.
    3. During the Yuan Dynasty, China was integrated into the much larger Ortoo system.
  • In The Year Of 3500 BC

    1- City-States Emerged South In Mesopotamia. 2-Egyptians Have Metal Mirros. 3-There Is Bread In Egypt. 4-Nagada Culture In Egypt Which Became Egyptian Slaves.
  • Neanderthal man carves a picture on a woolly mammoth tooth

    Horse engraved on a pelvis bone.
    Ivory horse, oldest known animal.
    Carving, from mammoth ivory.
    Discavoed near Vogellherd, Germany