Cold War (1945-1968)

  • Zionism

    The national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel. Has come to include the development of the State of Israel and the protection of the Jewish nation in Israel.
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    Dixe Mission

    The history of China after the revolution is that the CPC did not pursue a slow gradual change in the economy as some believed in 1944. Regardless, 25 years later Service believed that American cooperation with the CPC might have prevented the excesses that occurred under Mao Zedong's leadership after the war.
    "Dixie Mission." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 29 Mar. 2013. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.
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    Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference Video
    *took place in a Russia
    *during World War Two.
    *U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin made decisions regarding future progress of the war and the postwar world, and Germany as well.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    The "Big Three" leaders met at Potsdam, Germany on 16 July 1945. In this, the last of the World War II heads of state conferences, President Truman, Soviet Premier Stalin and British Prime Ministers Churchill and Attlee discussed post-war arrangements in Europe, frequently without agreement. Future moves in the war against Japan were also covered. The meeting concluded early in the morning of 2 August.
    One result of the conference was a 26 July joint proclamation by the U.S., Great Britain and C
  • Thirty-eighth Parallel

    Thirty-eighth Parallel
    The thirty-eighth parallel was the line of latitude that split up North and South Korea. Stalin and the Soviet government decided to form an influence in the north. America supported the south at the time. This lead to North Korea attacking the South.
  • 'Long Telegram"

    'Long Telegram"
    In 1946, George Kennan’s ‘long telegram’ declared that the US should try to stop Russian expansion.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    The British told the US that Great Britain would no longer give financial aid to Greece and Turkey’s governments.
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    Truman Doctrine

    The Truman DoctrineThe United States has been keeping track of Greece’s fall in economic and political stance and the rise of Communism in their country. Also, they noticed that Turkey’s weak government faced a lot of pressure from the Soviet Union. When Britain announced their withdrawal from helping Greece and Turkey, the responsibility was in United States’ hands at that point. Without their help, Greece would become Communist and Turkey and other countries would follow.
  • Truman Doctrine Announced

    Truman Doctrine Announced
    On March 12, 1947, US President Harry Truman asked Congress for $400 million in military and economic assistance for Turkey and Greece.
  • Pakistan's Independence

    Pakistan's Independence
    Pakistan became a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations. After independence Pakistan retained Britons in high administrative and military positions. Britain also was the primary source of military supplies and officer training. Many of Pakistan's key policy makers, including the nation's founding father, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, had studied in Britain and had great faith in the British sense of justice.
    "Pakistan - The United States." Pakistan - The United States. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 20
  • India's Independence

    India's Independence
    When India gained its independence and Gandhi gained martyrdom in 1947 and '48, the country set an example that African and Asian leaders would follow to independence in the decades that followed. By 1970, only a century after Gandhi's birth, only a century after the peak of the British Empire, the era of colonialism was at an end.
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    Marshall Plan

    The Marshall Plan was the American program to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism. The plan was in operation for four years beginning in April 1948.The goals of the United States were to rebuild a war-devastated region, remove trade barriers, modernize industry, and make Europe prosperous again.
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization - a military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. Became more significant during the Korean Way in the early 1950s. Rivalry with the Warsaw Pact which was the USSR's military alliance. The Soviet Union was a communist superpower that were the opponents of the U.S. in the cold War in order to spread communism.
  • African Nationalism

    African Nationalism
    African nationalism is a political movement for Pan-Africanism and for national self-determination. Political interest began in the 1870s and political organisations started to form in the 1890s. In the years following World War II, African nationalism gained strength, resulting in independence for Libya in 1951 and Ghana in 1952. All but six African countries were independent nation-states by 1966.
  • McCarthyism

    McCarthy dabbled in unsuccessful law practices, and indulged in gambling along the way for extra financing. Despite being a Democrat early in his political years, he quickly switched into the Republican Party after being overlooked as a candidate in the Democratic Party for district attorney. His dirty campaign to win the position as circuit court judge proved to be an ominous foreshadowing to his later era of “McCarthyism.”
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    Colonial Liberation

    In the 1950s through the 1970s, France tried to regain their control over their colonies in southeast Asia and northern Africa. Vietnam was eventually gaining their independence through revolutionary leaders like Ho Chi Minh who lead the communist party in Vietnam. In 1954 the Geneva Conference took place and divided the 17th Parallel and took away any french possessions in the southeast. The geneva conference also established the Republic of South Vietnam that were for a pro-democratic governme
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    "Domino Theory"

    The domino theory existed between the 1950s to 1980s, promoted at times by the United States government, which speculated that if one state in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect. The domino theory was used by successive United States administrations during the Cold War to justify the need for American intervention around the world.
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    Mau Mau Uprising

    The Mau Mau Uprising was a military conflict that took place in Kenya. It involved a Kikuyu-dominated anti-colonial group called Mau Mau and elements of the British Army.
  • Nehru's Foreign Policy

    Nehru's Foreign Policy
    Nehru developed a policy of 'positive neutrality' for India. He became one of the key spokesmen for the non-aligned countries of Africa and Asia, many of which were former colonies that wanted to avoid dependence on any major power.
  • Nuclear Arms Race

    Nuclear Arms Race
    The Nuclear Arms was a competition for supremacy in nuclear warfare between the United States, the Soviet Union, and their respective allies during the Cold War. During the Cold War, in addition to the American and Soviet nuclear stockpiles, other countries developed nuclear weapons, though none engaged in warhead production on nearly the same scale as the two superpowers.
  • Geneva Conference

    Geneva Conference
    1954-Geneva, Switzerland
    Purpose: Attempt to unify Vietnam and restore peace in Indochina (including the war between the French and Vietnamese nationalists in Indochina: French wanted to continue to control Vietnam).
    Participants: US, Soviet Union, People’s Republic of China, France, and Great Britain
    The French agreed to withdraw troops from Northern Vietnam. Vietnam divided at the 17th Parallel and waited for the president to reunify 2 years later.
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    Bandung Conference

    Bandung Conference, a meeting of Asian and African states—organized by Indonesia, Myanmar(Burma), Ceylon (Sri Lanka), India, and Pakistan—which took place April 18–24, 1955, in Bandung, Indonesia.The conference reflected the five sponsors’ dissatisfaction with what they regarded as a reluctance by the Western powers to consult with them on decisions affecting Asia; their concern over tension between the People’s Republic of China and the United States; their desire to lay firmer foundations for
  • The Warsaw Pact was Formed

    The Warsaw Pact was Formed
    The Warsaw Pact (Warsaw Treaty Organization) was a political and military alliance. It was created between the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The Soviet Union created this to balance out the National Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). NATO was a political and military alliance between the United States, Canada, and Western European nations in 1949. This treaty ensured that a member state to defend any m
  • Black Nationalism

    Black Nationalism
    Malcolm XBlack nationalism (BN) advocates a racial definition (or redefinition) of national identity, as opposed to multiculturalism. There are different indigenous nationalist philosophies but the principles of all Black nationalist ideologies are unity, and self-determination or independence from European society. Martin Delany is considered to be the grandfather of Black nationalism.
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    Third World

    *refers to many of the countries in Africa, South America, and Asia.
    *’neutral’ countries and ‘non-aligned’ countries
    *Term started during the Cold War
    "Third Worldism has been defined as "the idea, popular among Third World autocrats and many American and French leftists in the late 60s and 70s, that – contrary to orthodox Marxism's view that the Western working class would deliver the world from the tyranny of capital"
  • The Berlin Wall

    The Berlin Wall
  • Nuclear Crisis

    Nuclear Crisis
    Political CartoonIn December 1961, Fidel Castro claimed he wasa Marxist-Leninist, obligating the Soviet Union to take care of his new nation. Shortly thereafter he asked the Soviet Union for weapons, advisers, and even Soviet soldiers. The Soviets proposed a different defense -- medium-range ballistic missiles. Castro agreed.
    PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.
  • Cuban Missle Crisis

    Cuban Missle Crisis
    Video"In October 1962, an American U-2 spy plane secretly photographed nuclear missile sites being built by the Soviet Union on the island of Cuba. President Kennedy did not want the Soviet Union and Cuba to know that he had discovered the missiles. He met in secret with his advisors for several days to discuss the problem."
    "Cuban Missile Crisis." - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013. <>.
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    Civil Rights Movement

    Martin Luther King Jr.Worldwide political movement for equality before the law.
    In many situations it took the form of campaigns of civil resistance aimed at achieving change by nonviolent forms of resistance, and in some situations, it was accompanied, or followed, by civil unrest and armed rebellion.
    The main aim of the civil rights movement included ensuring that the rights of all people are equally protected by the law and including the rights of minorities.
  • Warsaw Pact Ended

    Warsaw Pact Ended
    Countries started disagreeing with the Warsaw Pact and left. More and more countries left and ended the Warsaw Pact.