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Civil War Timeline/Baker

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    Civil War Timeline/Baker

  • Lincoln elected 16th President

    Lincoln elected 16th President
    Abraham Lincoln was elected 16th President of the US who had hopes of ending slavery in all states.
  • Secession wanted in southern states

    Secession wanted in southern states
    Seven senators and 23 representatives from the southern states issue a manifesto urging secession and the organization of a Southern Confederacy.
  • Secession Convention meets

    Secession Convention meets
    The first ever Secession Convention met in Columbia, South Carolina.
  • South Carolina secedes

    South Carolina secedes
    South Carolina seceded from the Union which caused Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas all to secded as well.
  • Maj.-Gen. Anderson moves troops

    Maj.-Gen. Anderson moves troops
    Major-General Robert Anderson moved his troops from Ft. Moultrie in Charleston, SC, to Ft. Sumter.
  • Jefferson Davis elected

    Jefferson Davis elected
    Jefferson Davis was elected as President of the Confederacy which was the name given to the southern states that seceded from the US.
  • April 12, 1861 President Davis declared war

    April 12, 1861 President Davis declared war
    Southern troops began firing at the fort, but no one died. 4,000 rounds were fired without any casualties.
  • Robert E. Lee becomes commander

    Robert E. Lee becomes commander
    With the hope of winning the war, President Davis chose Robert E. Lee to lead the Virginian troops and eventually lead the entire Confederacy troops.
  • Maj. Gen. George McClellan becomes commander

    Maj. Gen. George McClellan becomes commander
    Maj. Gen. George McClellan was appointed as first commander of the Union forces.
  • Ulysses S. Grant promoted

    Ulysses S. Grant promoted
    After Lincoln fired Gen. McClellan for having the "slows," Ulysses S. Grant was promoted to Brigadier General.
  • Battle of Fort Donelson

    Battle of Fort Donelson
    Union troops deafeated Confederate troops behind Brig. Gen, Ulysses S. Grant which gave him a promotion to Major General and earned him the nickname, "Unconditional Surrender."
  • Fort Henry captured by Grant

    Fort Henry captured by Grant
    Fort Henry in Tennessee was captured by General Grant and the Union army. Grant earned his nickname, "Unconditional Surrender."
  • Lincoln relieves McClellan as General

    Lincoln relieves McClellan as General
    President Lincoln relieved Gen. McClellan because he sufferred from the "slows" and had the oppurtunity to end the war multiple times, but couldn't get the job done.
  • Stonewall Jackson defeats Union at Manassas Junction

    Stonewall Jackson defeats Union at Manassas Junction
    Gen. Stonewall Jackson defeated Union troops at the Second Bull Run where the Union believed they had him trapped, but managed to hold his ground and pull out a victory.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Bloodiest single day battle which had more than 26,000 casualties. Gen. McClellan's men found Gen. Lee's plans wrapped around cigars in the woods.
  • January 1, 1863 Emancipation Proclamation

    January 1, 1863 Emancipation Proclamation
    Emancipation Proclamation was passed which freed all slaves living in free states because the South didn't belong to the US at the time.
  • Lincoln signs Conscription Act

    Lincoln signs Conscription Act
    President Lincoln signed the first Conscription Act which produced the first wartime draft in United States history.
  • Battle of Gettysburg begins

    Battle of Gettysburg begins
    The Battle of Gettysburg begins which became the bloodiest battle in the war and resulted in a Union victory.
  • Gen. Lee offers to resign

    Gen. Lee offers to resign
    After the Union army had defeated Gen. Lee and his troops at Gettysburg and Vicksburg, he offered his resignation to President Davis, but Davis rejected it.
  • Lincoln reads "Gettysburg Address"

    Lincoln reads "Gettysburg Address"
    After the Battle of Gettysburg, President Lincoln gave his "Gettsyburg Address" speech which honored the brave men who died in the battle and reminded the nation why they were fighting this war in the first place.
  • Gen. Grant given complete control

    Gen. Grant given complete control
    President Lincoln gave General Grant complete control of all of the armies of the US. Gen. William T. Sheman became commander in the west.
  • Sherman begins destructive war path

    Sherman begins destructive war path
    Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman believed that in order to win the war, you must destroy southern materials and their psychological will to wage war and tore through southern states destroying everything and everyone in his path.
  • McClellan to run against Lincoln

    McClellan to run against Lincoln
    The Democrats nominate George McClellan to run against the Republican candidate, Abraham Lincoln.
  • Atlanta is captured by Sherman

    Atlanta is captured by Sherman
    While on General William T. Sherman's destructive war path, Union troops finally captured their target, the city of Atlanta.
  • Lincoln re-elected as President

    Lincoln re-elected as President
    President Lincoln was scared that because of the war, he wouldn't be re-elected, but a couple of victories won by Ulysses S. Grant got Lincoln the necessary votes to be re-elected.
  • 13th Amendment is passed

    13th Amendment is passed
    US Congress approved the Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, to abolish slavery.
  • Confederacy Capital is captured

    Confederacy Capital is captured
    General Grant defeated the Confederates at Petersburg and the capital, Richmond, was evacuated. The next day Union troops captured Richmond and put the American flag on the city.
  • Confederacy surrenders

    Confederacy surrenders
    General Robert E. Lee finally surrenders to the Union army at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia.
  • Lincoln gets shot

    Lincoln gets shot
    John Wilkes Booth shot President Lincoln while watching a play at Ford's Theater and is immediately rushed to medical help. On April 15, the President died at 7:22 in the morning.
  • Remaining troops surrender

    Remaining troops surrender
    Remaining Confederate troops finally surrender thus ending the American Civil War. 620,000+ were killed in this war.