Civil War Timeline-Sena

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    Civil War Timeline-Sena

  • Jefferson Davis presents resolutions

    Jefferson Davis presents resolutions
    Mississippi Senator Jefferson Davis presents resolutions to the Senate to affirm that the Federal government cannot only prohibit slavery in the territories, but must actually protect slaveholders there
  • The Democratic Party holds its convention in Charleston, SC.

    The Democratic Party holds its convention in Charleston, SC.
    When the pro-slavery platform is rejected, delegates from 8 southern states leave.
  • Abraham Lincoln represented as a presidentalcandidate

    Abraham Lincoln represented as a presidentalcandidate
    The Republican convention in Chicago nominates Abraham Lincoln as its presidential candidate on the third ballot.
  • Lincoln elected president

    Lincoln elected president
    On this date Abraham Lincoln is elected as the 16th president of the United States of America. He was a representative of the republican party.
  • South Carolina Secedes

    South Carolina Secedes
    On this date South Carolina was the first state to break away from our nation and secede. This was the first of many more
  • Confederate states of America formed

    Confederate states of America formed
    The Confederate States of America is formed with Jefferson Davis as president of the southern states.
  • Battle of Fort Sumte

    Battle of Fort Sumte
    4:30am confederates under Gen. Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston South Carolina, the Civil War begins.
  • Robert E. Lee resigns his commisions

    Robert E. Lee resigns his commisions
    Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army. "I cannot raise my hand against my birthplace, my home, my children." Lee then goes to Richmond, Virginia, is offered command of the military and naval forces of Virginia, and accepts.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    On July 21, 1861, Union and Confederate armies clashed near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the first major land battle of the American Civil War. Known as the First Battle of Bull Run, the engagement began when about 35,000 Union troops marched from the federal capital in Washington, D.C. to strike a Confederate force of 20,000 along a small river known as Bull Run. After fighting on the defensive for most of the day, the rebels rallied and were able to break the Union right flank
  • Gen McDowell replaced

    Gen McDowell replaced
    President Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as Commander of the Department of the Potomac, replacing McDowell.
  • Lincoln issues Gen war order number 1

    Lincoln issues Gen war order number 1
    President Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1 calling for all United States naval and land forces to begin a general advance by February 22, George Washington's birthday.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    Confederate surprise attack on Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's unprepared troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River results in a bitter struggle with 13,000 Union killed and wounded and 10,000 Confederates, more men than in all previous American wars combined. The president is then pressured to relieve Grant but resists. "I can't spare this man; he fights," Lincoln says.
  • The battle of Seven Pines

    The battle of Seven Pines
    The Battle of Seven Pines as Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Army attacks McClellan's troops in front of Richmond and nearly defeats them. But Johnston is badly wounded.
  • Lee replaces Johnston

    Lee replaces Johnston
    Gen. Robert E. Lee assumes command, replacing the wounded Johnston. Lee then renames his force the Army of Northern Virginia. McClellan is not impressed, saying Lee is "likely to be timid and irresolute in action."
  • Antietam

    The bloodiest day in U.S. military history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Armies are stopped at Antietam in Maryland by McClellan and numerically superior Union forces. By nightfall 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing. Lee then withdraws to Virginia.
  • Fredericksburg

    Army of the Potomac under Gen. Burnside suffers a costly defeat at Fredericksburg in Virginia with a loss of 12,653 men after 14 frontal assaults on well entrenched Rebels on Marye's Heights. "We might as well have tried to take hell," a Union soldier remarks. Confederate losses are 5,309.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army. The war to preserve the Union now becomes a revolutionary struggle for the abolition of slavery.
  • Chancellorsville

    The Union Army under Gen. Hooker is decisively defeated by Lee's much smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia as a result of Lee's brilliant and daring tactics. Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded by his own soldiers. Hooker retreats. Union losses are 17,000 killed, wounded and missing out of 130,000. The Confederates, 13, 000 out of 60,000.
  • Stonewall Jackson death

    Stonewall Jackson death
    The South suffers a huge blow as Stonewall Jackson dies from his wounds, his last words, "Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees."
  • Gettysburg

    On July 1, a chance encounter between Union and Confederate forces began the Battle of Gettysburg. In the fighting that followed, Meade had greater numbers and better defensive positions. He won the battle, but failed to follow Lee as he retreated back to Virginia. Militarily, the Battle of Gettysburg was the high-water mark of the Confederacy; it is also significant because it ended Confederate hopes of formal recognition by foreign governments. On November 19, President Lincoln dedicated a por
  • Chattanooga

    Confederate General Braxton Bragg's army occupied the mountains that ring the vital railroad center of Chattanooga. Grant, brought in to save the situation, steadily built up offensive strength, and on November 23- 25 burst the blockade in a series of brilliantly executed attacks.
  • Grants Wilderness Campaign

    Grants Wilderness Campaign
    General Grant, promoted to commander of the Union armies, planned to engage Lee's forces in Virginia until they were destroyed. North and South met and fought in an inconclusive three-day battle in the Wilderness. Lee inflicted more casualties on the Union forces than his own army incurred, but unlike Grant, he had no replacements.
  • The Battle of Spotsylvania.

    The Battle of Spotsylvania.
    General Grant continued to attack Lee. At Spotsylvania Court House, he fought for five days, vowing to fight all summer if necessary.
  • The Battle of Cold Harbor.

     The Battle of Cold Harbor.
    Grant again attacked Confederate forces at Cold Harbor, losing over 7,000 men in twenty minutes. Although Lee suffered fewer casualties, his army never recovered from Grant's continual attacks. This was Lee's last clear victory of the war
  • Siege of Petersburg

    Siege of Petersburg
    Grant hoped to take Petersburg, below Richmond, and then approach the Confederate capital from the south. The attempt failed, resulting in a ten month siege and the loss of thousands of lives on both sides.
  • Lincoln Reelected

    Lincoln Reelected
    The Republican party nominated President Abraham Lincoln as its presidential candidate, and Andrew Johnson for vice-president.
  • Fall of the confederacy

    Fall of the confederacy
    Transportation problems and successful blockades caused severe shortages of food and supplies in the South. Starving soldiers began to desert Lee's forces, and although President Jefferson Davis approved the arming of slaves as a means of augmenting the shrinking army, the measure was never put into effect.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

     Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
    General Lee's troops were soon surrounded, and on April 7, Grant called upon Lee to surrender. On April 9, the two commanders met at Appomattox Courthouse, and agreed on the terms of surrender. Lee's men were sent home on parole -- soldiers with their horses, and officers with their side arms. All other equipment was surrendered.
  • President Lincoln Assasinated

    President Lincoln Assasinated
    On April 14, as President Lincoln was watching a performance of "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C., he was shot by John Wilkes Booth, an actor from Maryland obsessed with avenging the Confederate defeat. Lincoln died the next morning. Booth escaped to Virginia. Eleven days later, cornered in a burning barn, Booth was fatally shot by a Union soldier. Nine other people were involved in the assassination; four were hanged, four imprisoned, and one acquitted.
  • Final Surrenders among Remaining Confederate Troops.

    Final Surrenders among Remaining Confederate Troops.
    Remaining Confederate troops were defeated between the end of April and the end of May. Jefferson Davis was captured in Georgia on May 10.
  • The Execution of Captain Henry Wirz

    The Execution of Captain Henry Wirz
    The notorious superintendent of the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia, was tried by a military commission presided over by General Lew Wallace from August 23 to October 24, 1865, and was hanged in the yard of the Old Capitol Prison on November 10.