Civil War Timeline Project

  • 1st battle of Bull Run/Manassas Junction

    1st battle of Bull Run/Manassas Junction
    General Winfield Scott ordered General Irvin McDowell to move in on Confederate troops stationed in Manassas Junction, Virginia. He attacked on July 21st and was initially sucessful but Confederate reinforcement resulted in a southern victory.
  • George B. McClellan named General of Army of Potomac

    George B. McClellan named General of Army of Potomac
    He developed a strategy to defeat the Confederate Army that included and army of 273,000 men. His plan was to invade Virginia from sea to seize Richmond and the other major citiess in the south.
  • Battle of Shiloh/Pittsburg Landing

    Battle of Shiloh/Pittsburg Landing
    This battle was fought in Southwestern Tennessee, on the west bank of the Tennessee River. It lasted two days, the 6th and 7th of April. Union Army Major General Ulysses S. Grant moved his camp deep into Tennesse. Confederate forces under Generals Albert Sidney Johnston and P. G. T. Beauregard made a surprise attack on Grant. The confederates achieved a great success the first day but were ultimately defeated the second day.
  • Battle of 2nd Bull Run/ Manassas

    Battle of 2nd Bull Run/ Manassas
    This Battle of Bull Run was much larger than that of the first Battle. It was also fought on the same ground. It lasted from August 28-30. Fought between Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia against Union Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia. Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson captured the Union supply depot at Manassas Junction, threatening Pope's line of communications with Washington, D.C. On August 29 Pope launched a series of assaults.
  • Battle of Antietam/Sharpsburg

    Battle of Antietam/Sharpsburg
    Fought in Sharpsburg, Maryland and Antietam Creek. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with about 23,000 casualties on both sides. After shmoozing General R. E. Lee into Maryland, Gen G.B. McClellan launched an attack on Lee's army. McClellan's attacks failed to destroy Lee's army
  • Battle of Fredricksburg

    Battle of Fredricksburg
    Battle was from Dec. 11-15 of 1862. It was fought between General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside. Burnside's plan was to cross the Rappahannock River at Fredricksburg in November and race to the Confederate capitol or Richmond before Lee's army could stop him.
  • Emancipation Proclamation Issued

    Emancipation Proclamation Issued
    This declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebel states "are, and henceforward shall be free." The proclamation also required recruitment and establishment of black military units among the Union forces. An estimated 180,000 African Americans went on to serve in the army, and another 18,000 served in the navy.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville/ Death of Stonewall Jackson

    Battle of Chancellorsville/ Death of Stonewall Jackson
    Confederate Lieutenant General Thomas Jonathan Jackson died on May 10, 1863. He was shot on the 2nd and survived with an amputated arm, however he died of pneumonia 8 days later. His death was a major setback for the Confederacy
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    (From July 1-3) in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Lee's ARmy of Northern Virginia, soon collided with General Maede's Army. As Lee concentrated on his forces there, his objectives were to engage in the Union Army and destroy it, Between 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers from both armies were casualties in the three-day battle.
  • Surrender of Vicksburg

    Surrender of Vicksburg
    The battle of Vicksburg had come to an end (May 18 – July 4, 1863) so July 4th was the last straw of the seige on Vicksburg in 1863 continuos attacks-actions of Union Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee crossed the Mississippi River and drove the Confederate army of Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton into the defensive lines surrounding the fortress city of Vicksburg, Mississippi.