Civil War & Reconstruction Digital Timeline

  • The Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850

    The Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
    This compromise wanted California to be a free state and to have all of the states south of the line to be able to choose whether they wanted to be free or not. The states above the line could not have slaves. The Fugitive Slave act enhanced the penalties against slaves that ran away. Federal Marshalls Federal Marshals made citizens capture the slaves that ran away. Also, any person that tried to help a slave that ran away would be penalized.
  • The Start of the Republican Party

    The Start of the Republican Party
    Missouri Compromise was taken away and allowing more states to have slaves ended up causing northerners and Southerners to have more conflict between the Whig parties and the democratic parties. Northerners agreed that none of the parties had the same troubling idea over slavery that they did.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    Kansas Nebraska Act
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act was a bill that wanted the Kansas-Nebraska territory two be split into two states. It got rid of the Missouri Compromise. The people that were inside this territory could decide whether they were going to allow slavery or not, and they would decide this by voting.
  • Dred Scott Decision and John Brown

    Dred Scott Decision and John Brown
    There was a case where a slave, Dred Scott, was taken to free land by his master where slavery was illegal. He ended up trying to sue for his freedom. This led to the Dred Scott decision, where it said that no black people deserved rights and that the Missouri Compromise of 1850 should be considered unconstitutional.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    The Election of 1860 had 2 democrat party representatives. One was a southern democrat, Stephen Douglas, and one was a northern democrat, John Breckinridge. There was also a Constitutional Union Party who's representative was John Bell. There was also the Republican, Abraham Lincoln who won the election.
  • The Crittenden Plan

    The Crittenden Plan
    This was a plan that said no person in the government was allowed to get rid of slavery where it already was. It also elongated the Missouri Compromise line to the pacific ocean.
  • Southern States Secede

    Southern States Secede
    The southern states did not like that Lincoln was elected. Southern states thought that Abraham Lincoln wanted to abolish slavery. The southern leaders got together to decide if they should secede. They thought they had a right to leave. South Carolina was the first state to leave on December 20, 1860.
  • Attack at Fort Sumter

    Attack at Fort Sumter
    Once the southern states seceded, they thought that everything inside the states belonged to the confederacy. Fort Sumter was inside these states. Confederate soldiers surrounded the fort, demanding the union troops abandon the fort, but they did not. As a result, the confederate troops started attacking the fort for multiple days, until Robert Anderson and his union men surrendered.
  • The Battle of Bull Run

    The Battle of Bull Run
    In this battle Lincoln wanted Union forces to take over Richmond. Irvin McDowell led troops out of Washington to D.C. The confederates called for help. The Union Forces passed over the Bull Run creek. The confederacy stood strong and ultimately won the battle
  • The Battle of Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh
    The Battle of shiloh started on April 6th and ended on April 7th 1862. After the battle of shiloh both sides realized that the war was bloodier and longer they could have imagined.
  • 7 Days Battle

    7 Days Battle
    The seven days battle was a series of battles fought between June 25th and July 1st. There were 6 different battles over the course of 7 days. The seven days battle was fought in Richmond Virginia.
  • The Battle of Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam
    General George McClellan went to meet General Robert E. Lee because he needed to defend the capital. On his way he found a wrapped cigar that explained General Robert E. Lee's battle plan. He learned that Lee's troops were split up and they were going to meet. He tried to keep them from meeting, but he was too slow. The confederate army and the union army met up and fought. This was known as the battle of Antietam
  • The Battle of Fredericksburg

     The Battle of Fredericksburg
    General Burnside wanted to take over the confederate capital, so he went into Fredericksburg and wanted to cross the Rappahannock River. Unfortunately for the union troops, Lee’s army had already gotten rid of the bridges that were above this river. Lee and his army stayed inside of the hills and waited for Burnside and his troops. Lee and Burnside fought for three days and this was known as the Battle of Fredericksburg.
  • Emancipation Proclamation and African Americans Joining the War

    Emancipation Proclamation and African Americans Joining the War
    Since the beginning of the war, Lincoln had faced the pressure from abolitionists to end slavery. Lincoln changed the focus to the war because he knew it had to be the right to issue the draft. The proclamation declares that all rebel states are forever free. Once African Americans were allowed to join the war, William H. Carrey became the first African American to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor which boosted Africans importance.
  • The Creation of the Conscription Act

    The Creation of the Conscription Act
    This act said that all men that were between the ages of 20 and 45 could be drafted to be in the military. If they did not to join, they would have to pay $300. This draft caused many riots, especially in New York.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    The battle of Vicksburg lasted for 47 days. Once the union and confederacy fought for more than a month the union won the battle of Vicksburg and changed how the battles were fought in the civil war.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    Lee and his troops tried to take over the north some more, so they marched into Pennsylvania. Both the confederate and union troops had brought in backup forces. The union forces stayed in Cemetery Hill. George Pickett was sent to try and defeat them at Cemetery Hill. Unfortunately for the confederates, over half of Pickett's troops was injured or killed. This was known as the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    In 1863, Lincoln delivered a speech commemorating the loss of life at the Battle of Gettysburg and dedicating a military cemetery at Gettysburg.
  • Period: to

    Reconstruction Period

    The Reconstruction period was a timeframe of rebuilding the United States after the war. In the Reconstruction period many acts were passed such as the Reconstruction Acts of 1867 and the Tenure of Office Act. African Americans during this time expanded their education and gained voting rights. There was also multiple forms of Reconstruction such as Radical Reconstruction which was the name of the plan given to Republican to pass the Reconstruction Acts of 1867.
  • Sherman's March

    Sherman's March
    Sherman's March was one of the last marches in 1864. The union troops marched through Georgia destroying Atlanta.
  • Black Codes

    Black Codes
    These were laws passed that discriminated against black people and limited their rights. These were taken away after reconstruction.
  • The Freedoms Bureau

    The Freedoms Bureau
    The Freedoms Bureau was to help black people after the civil war was ended. The Freedoms Bureau gave freed African Americans food, shelter, and established schools. This also gave African American men the right to vote.
  • Confederacy Surrenders

    Confederacy Surrenders
    With many negotiations, the Confederacy finally surrendered. The Confederate officers got to keep their side arms and all Confederate soldiers got to keep their property and horses. Also, the Union served starving Confederate soldiers were fed.
  • Ku Klux Klan

    Ku Klux Klan
    People that wanted to keep the rights and privilege's for white people. They would dress in hoods and hurt many black people and any other person who supported black people. After enforcement acts, congress lessened the number of Ku Klux Klan, but the democratic party had gained more control over black people, so there was less black people in office.
  • Reconstruction Acts of 1867

    Reconstruction Acts of 1867
    These were acts that made the republican party instead of the president in charge of reconstruction.
  • Ulysses S. Grants presidency

     Ulysses S. Grants presidency
    Ulysses S. Grant ran for the Republican Party and for the election of 1868. After he finished leading the union army he went to run for president and won the election of 1868.
  • The Start of Sharecropping

    The Start of Sharecropping
    A farmer would grow plants for a landowner, and then they would get a portion of the money raised when they sold the crops.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    An amendment that said that everybody, no matter race or color, could vote and the government couldn't restrict them. Poll tax also wasn't allowed, which was a fee you were charged with when you voted.
  • The panic of 1873

    The panic of 1873
    The panic of 1873 was an economic crisis. This is because when the banks and railroads had a failure. Many people lost their jobs and as they did the country slid into a great depression that lasted for 6 years.
  • The Election of 1876

    The Election of 1876
    The Election of 1876's representatives were Rutherford B. Hayes ad the Republican candidate and Samuel J. Tilden as the Democratic candidate. With the race being too close and no decision being made, the Compromise of 1877 was created. This states that if the Reconstruction ended and they pulled federal troops out of the south, Hayes could be president.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    The running for president between Samuel J. Tilden and Rutherford B. Hayes was close, so republicans and democrats made a deal with each other. The compromise of 1877 was created. Under this compromise, democrats said they would make Hayes president, but the republicans had to take away reconstruction and get all of the federal troops away from the south.