Civil War Context

Timeline created by aning2
In History
  • The Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise
    Conflicts about slavery were temporarily resolved by the Missouri compromise. It prohibited slavery north of the parallel 36°30', allowing Missouri to be a slave state yet still part of the Union.
  • Jesse James is Born

    Jesse James is Born
    Jesse Woodson James is born to Robert and Zerelda James at the James Farm in Kearney, Missouri.
  • Period: to

    California Gold Rush

    The California Gold Rush begins approximately around 1848, and dies out around 1856.
  • Lincoln Wins Presidential Election

    Lincoln Wins Presidential Election
    Abraham Lincoln wins a close, four-way race for President of the United States.
  • The First State Secedes

    The First State Secedes
    South Carolina officially secedes from the Union, becoming the first state to do so.
  • Period: to

    Southern States Secede

    Following after South Carolina, Missippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana all seceded from the Union.
  • The South Secedes

    The South Secedes
    Texas secedes. Seven states in total declare to be independent of the Union.
  • Lincoln Inauguration

    Lincoln Inauguration
    Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the sixteenth President of the United States.
  • Confederate Constitution is Signed

    Confederate Constitution is Signed
    The Constitution of the Confederate States of America is signed in Montgomery, Alabama.
  • Civil War Begins

    Civil War Begins
    Confederate forces attack Union soldiers at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War officially begins.
  • Union Surrenders at Fort Sumter

    Union Surrenders at Fort Sumter
    Union forces surrender to the Confederacy after two days of battle at Fort Sumter.
  • Another State Secedes

    Another State Secedes
    Virginia secedes and joins the Confederacy after the Battle of Fort Sumter.
  • Period: to

    Four More States Secede

    In addition to Virginia, Arkansas and Tennessee secede, followed by North Carolina.
  • Final State Secedes

    Final State Secedes
    North Carolina secedes from the Union, the eleventh and last state to do so.
  • Period: to

    War Continues, Confederacy Leads

    The Confederacy and Union continue battling each other, with most of the victories in the Confederacy's favor.
  • Antietam

    Antietam
    The bloodiest day in history, a few battles lead up to the Battle of Antietam. Over 26,000 men are killed/wounded, and the battle is officially declared a draw.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation. It frees all slaves in territory captured by the Union Army, and orders the enlistment of black soldiers. From this point, the Civil War becomes a war over slavery.
  • Gettysburg

    Gettysburg
    From July 1 to July 4, the Union Army defeats the Confederate Army at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. One of the bloodiest battles of the war, Gettysburg is a turning point, and marks the farthest advance of the Confederate Army into northern territory.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    President Lincoln delivers the famed Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the National Cemetery at the battlefield in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
  • Change of Command

    Change of Command
    General Ulysses S. Grant takes charge of the Union forces. After a few lost battles, things begin to change for the good for the Union.
  • Period: to

    War Continues, Union Leads

    After the change of command, the Union soon begins to effectively destroy the Confederacy.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    The United States Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, proposed to abolish slavery.
  • Lincoln's Second Inaugural

    Lincoln's Second Inaugural
    Abraham Lincoln is sworn in for his second term as President of the United States.
  • Siege of Petersburg Ends

    Siege of Petersburg Ends
    The Siege of Petersburg ends after a year as Ulysses S. Grant's army breaks through Confederate lines and marches towards Richmond.
  • War Ends

    War Ends
    Confederacy General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Union General Ulysses S. Grant in a farmhouse in the town of Appomattox Court House, Virginia. The war ends.
  • Lincoln Dies

    Lincoln Dies
    President Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. He does not recover from the wound and dies by assassination.
  • Remaining Confederates Surrender

    Remaining Confederates Surrender
    General Joe Johnston, leading the largest Confederate Army still existing, surrenders in North Carolina.
  • Slavery Abolished

    Slavery Abolished
    The Thirteenth Amendment is ratified by the States, and slavery is abolished.
  • Jesse James Dies

    Jesse James Dies
    Jesse James is shot by Robert Ford in his home and dies.