Civil War Annotated Timeline

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    The Confederate forces took fire for 34 hours at the un-prepared Union army. This was the first battle of the Civil War. Confederate victory.
  • Battle of Bull Run (1st)

    Battle of Bull Run (1st)
    In Prince William County, Virginia, near the City of Manassas. The Union attacked the confederates and won. This was the first major land battle of the Civil War.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    This battle was fought in Sharpsburg, Maryland. It forced the Confederate Army to retreat back over the Potomac River. The generals for this battle were McClellan for the Union and Lee for the confederates. Shortly after this, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclomation.
  • Battle of Hampton Roads

    Battle of Hampton Roads
    In Hampton Roads, a road in Virginia where the Elizabeth and Nansemond Rivers meet the James River. In this battle, the Confederates were trying to break the Union's blockade.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    This battle was fought in south-western Tennessee. The Union army was commanded by Ulysses S. Grant. The Confederate forces were under Johnston and Beauregard. The confederates led a surprise attacks on the Union. Johnston was killed in the process.
  • Battle of Bull Run (2nd)

    Battle of Bull Run (2nd)
    The union general was Pope and the confederate general was Lee. Since in the first battle the North failed to capture Richmond, they decided the would join forces with General McClannen.
  • Battle of Fredsrickburg

    The Union and the Confederate troops fought on the streets of Fredricksburg. The south won.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    After that Battle of Antietam, Lincoln recognized the significance of the battle and freed all slaves in America. It was successful for the North, but the South disobeyed and didn't free their slaves.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    General Hooker led his army across the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers above Fredericksburg. The union was defeated
  • Battle of Gettyspurg

    Battle of Gettyspurg
    In Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Robert E. Lee attacked the Ulysses S. Grant(North). This was the turning point of the war.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    The Union crossed the Mississippi River and drove the Confederate army into the defensive lines surrounding the fortress city of Vicksburg, Mississippi. North won.
  • Siege of Atlanta

    Siege of Atlanta
    In Atlanta. Georgia, Union forced defeated Confederate forces defending the city.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

    Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
    The day Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulyssess S. Grant.
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    Lincoln was shot in the back of the head by John Wilkes Booth.
  • Ratification of the 13th amendment

    Ratification of the 13th amendment
    Slavery is Abolished