Civil War

By empimes
  • Missouri Compromise 1820-1821

    Missouri Compromise 1820-1821
    Under the presidency of James Monroe, this act regulated slavery in the north and south states, making it legal below the 36°30′ parallel and illegal above.
  • Abolition

    the movement to get rid of slavery
  • The Liberator

    The Liberator
    A paper written by William Lloyd Garrison, an active abolitionist. It called for the immediate emancipation of slaves.
  • Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman
    A runaway slave who rescued many other slaves via the undergound railroad.
  • Santa Fe Trail

    Santa Fe Trail
    Stretched 780 miles from Independence, Missouri, to
    Santa Fe in the Mexican province of New Mexico.
  • San Felipe de Austin

    San Felipe de Austin
    A colony in Texas established in 1825 by Stephen F. Austin. Made possible with permisson from Spain and Mexico.
  • Mexico abolishes slavery

    Mexico abolishes slavery
    Southerners moving to Texas brought their slaves with them, which the Mexicans did not support.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    Turner and more than 50 followers attacked four
    plantations and killed about 60 whites.
  • Stephen F. Austin goes to jail

    Stephen F. Austin goes to jail
    He was imprisoned for "inciting revolution"
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    Stretched from Independence, Missouri, to Oregon City, Oregon. Marcus and Narcissa Whitman proved that wagons could travel on the Oregon Trail.
  • Texas Revolution

    Texas Revolution
    The rebellion in which Texas gained its independence from Mexico.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    the belief that the United States was ordained to expand to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican and Native American territory
  • Texas enters the United States

    Texas enters the United States
    James K. Polk makes Texas a state.
  • Mexican-American War

    Mexican-American War
    Mexico still believed Texas to be their territory even after the Texas Revolution and admission as a state.
  • The North Star

    The North Star
    An antislavery newspaper started by Frederick Douglass.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Ended the Mexican American War and established the Rio Grande as the border of Texas and Mexico.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Implemented in response to the south;s call for secession, Henry Clay proposed this compromise. California entered as a free state while Utah and New Mexcio could vote for or against slavery.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    Fugitive slaves were not given the right to trial by jury and anyone convicted of helping a fugitive was liable for a fine of $1,000 and imprisonment for up to six months.
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    The system of escape routes used by slaves in the south.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    A novel by Harriet Tubman discussing slavery as a political struggle.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Senator Stephen Douglas proposed that popular sovereignty would determine whether or notn there would be slavery in the newly acquired Nebraska territory.
  • Dread Scott v. Sandford

    Dread Scott v. Sandford
    Dred Scott was a slave whose owner brought him to free land but was still expected to work as a slave, which he sued over. He lost.
  • Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debates

    Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debates
    Neither men wanted slavery in the territories, but they disagreed on how to keep it out. Lincoln wanted abolition while Douglas preferred popular sovereignty. Douglas won.
  • John Brown’s raid/Harpers Ferry

    John Brown’s raid/Harpers Ferry
    Brown led 21 men onto Harper's ferry in an attempt to start a slave uprising.
  • Abraham Lincoln becomes president

    Abraham Lincoln becomes president
    Republican Abraham Lincoln is elected president.
  • Formation of the Confederacy

    Formation of the Confederacy
    The Confederate States of America were formed under Lincoln's presidency and included South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    Attack on Fort Sumter
    Lincoln decided to neither abandon Fort Sumter nor reinforce it. He would merely send in “food for hungry men.”
  • Battle at Antietam

    Battle at Antietam
    The bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with casualties totaling more than 26,000.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    Reinfocements helped the south make their first victory.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    This document emancipated slaves in America but did not apply to the Confederate States. It morally backed up the war.
  • Conscription

    a draft that forced men into the army
  • Income Tax

    Income Tax
    a tax that takes a specified percentage of an individual’s income.
  • Battle at Gettysburg

    Battle at Gettysburg
    The Confederate army looked as if it would win this battle, but the Union army fought them back to Virginia. 23,000 Union men and 28,000 Confederates were killed or wounded.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    This speech given by Lincoln helped the country to realize that it was not just a collection of individual states; it was one unified nation.
  • Battle at Vicksburg

    Battle at Vicksburg
    Vicksburg was a Confederate stronghold taken over by the Union. Vicksburg itself was particularly important because it rested on bluffs above the river from which guns could control all water traffic.
  • Sherman's March

    Sherman's March
    William Sherman began his march along with 25,000 former slaves through Georgia, burning almost every house in their path and destroying livestock and railroads.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Court House

    Surrender at Appomattox Court House
    The Southerners had taken Richmind, VA the day before and set it on the fire so it couldn't be used by the union. Lee and Grant met to arrange a Confederate surrender. Grant paroled Lee’s soldiers and sent them home with their possessions and three days’ worth of rations. Officers were permitted to keep their side arms.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    This amendment abolished slavery.
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    John Wilkes Booth, a Southern sympathizer, shot Lincoln as he sat watching a play.