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Civil Rights Movement - Kitty, Sophie

By Sonweb
  • Protection Law for Black people

    Protection Law for Black people
    The 14th Amendment to the Constitution gave Black people equal protection under the law
  • The right to vote for Black people

    The right to vote for Black people
    the 15th Amendment granted Black American men the right to vote
    -> many white Americans (South) were unhappy because they‘re now equal to Black Americans
  • Period: to

    Jim Crow Laws

    Were established in the South. Series of US laws that enshrine racial segregation
    Example : - Black people couldn‘t use the same public facilities as white people
    - couldn‘t live in many of the same towns
    - couldn‘t go to the same schools
    - Interracial marriage was illegal
    As a black person you could only vote if you pass the voter literacy test which was almost impossible to solve
    Jim Crow laws weren‘t adopted in northern states
    -> still discrimination
  • Supreme Court Plessy v. Ferguson

    Court declared that facilities for Black and white people could be separate but equal
  • Period: to

    World War 2

  • Executive Order 8802

    Excevutive Order 8802 issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt opened national defense jobs and other government jobs to all Americans regardless of race, creed, color or national origin.
  • Executive Order 9981

    Civil rights agenda initiated by President Harry Truman to end discrimination in the military.
  • Period: to

    equal rights

    Black Americans gain equal rights under the law in the US
    -> Civil War abolished slavery but not discrimination against black people
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    A 42-year-old woman named Rosa Parks found a seat on a Montgomery, Alabama bus after work. Segregation laws at the time stated Black passengers must sit in designated seats at the back of the bus, and Parks had complied
    When a white man got on the bus and couldn’t find a seat in the white section at the front of the bus, the bus driver instructed Parks and three other Black passengers to give up their seats. Parks refused and was arrested.