1963 march on washington

Civil Rights Movement

  • End of the White Primary

    End of the White Primary
    Post Civil War the Democrats attempted to keep black people from voting. They soon came up with the the White Primary. The 15th amendment of the U.S. Constitution allowed blacks to vote. THe legislature then found a loop hole and only applied it to general elections, On the 6th of March 1946 King v Chapman, the court uled favor to King and claimed that the White Primary system was Unconstitutional. Resulting in Blacks being allowed to vote in primary elections.
  • Integration of Armed Forces

    Integration of Armed Forces
    After the great push from the Civil Rights Movement the Army soon came to understanding that segregation between colors will not help the Army. This applied to Navy, Airforce, and the Marine Corps.
  • Brown vs Board of Education

    Brown vs Board of Education
    Brown claimed that the seperation of public schools such for White and Black students was un-rational. The court then came to the desicion, "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal", Desicion of the Court May, 17th, 1946.
  • Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
    On December 5th, 1955, Rosa Parks had just came from work and was tired and she had sat in the white section. The driver then came forth and said; "Are you going to stand up?" the driver demanded. Rosa Parks looked straight at him and said: "No." Flustered, and not quite sure what to do, Blake retorted, "Well, I'm going to have you arrested." And Parks, still sitting next to the window, replied softly, "You may do that." After denying to be moved she started a revolution for civil rights.
  • Mlk Jr. and his Boycott

    Mlk Jr. and his Boycott
    When Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat she sparked the Montgomery Bus boycott which would last a year. The group was looking for a leader with a great will and Non-violent ways. With his leadership of the boycott, the boycott succeeded and he won the Nobel Peace Prize 4 years later but then sadly assassinated on 1968 while on the balcony of Lorraine Motel on April 4th.
  • Change of the Georgia State Flag

    Change of the Georgia State Flag
    People wanted to add the Confederate Flag to the georgia state flag as appreciation to Civil War. John Sammons Bell and Jefferoson Lee Davis also WIll Harris created and presented this flag. This became questionable to people wether claiming they despised integration or it was a Civil War honor.
  • Central Highschool and Little Rock Nine

    Central Highschool and Little Rock Nine
    On September 23rd 9 Students entered the Central Highschool of Arkansas. The National gaurd had escorted them through a side door and led them to the principal. He gave them their assignments but soon afterword when the other students learned of the nine getting inside the police feared it would turn into a violent outbreak. The Nine students that entered are: Ernest Green, Elizabeth Eckford, Jefferson Thomas, Dr. Terrence Roberts, Carlotta Walls Lanier, Minnijean Brown Trickey, and Glori
  • Hebrew Benevolent Congregation in ATL Bombed

    Hebrew Benevolent Congregation in ATL Bombed
    On Oct. 12th a Synagouge was bombed with fifty sticks of dynamite. The reason is said to be because of the Rabbi Jacob Rothschild. A Civil Rights Activist and a firend of Martin Luther King Jr. Soon later the UPI Workers recieved a call from "General Gordon of the Confederate Underground" also his claimings of: "We bombed a temple in Atlanta. This is the last empty building in Atlanta we will bomb. All nightclubs refusing to fire their Negro employees will also be blown up.
  • General Gordons Claims (cont.)

    General Gordons Claims (cont.)
    We are going to blow up all Communist organizations. Negroes and Jews are hereby declared aliens." Afterwords, 5 men working with National States Rights Party and White Separatist Group were convicted of the bombing.
  • Sibley Commision

    Sibley Commision
    During this period most schools denied integration. In 1955 Georgias FGeneral Assembly voted and came into conclusion to cut off funding for schools that integrated. The Sibley Commision was then created and find a loophole of the problem.
    The foundation was founded by John Sibley. The Commision interviewed common people and many replied how they would rather want to close the schools then intergrate them. The commision then allowed every school system to decide for itsel to integrate or not.
  • Integration of the University of Georgia

    Integration of the University of Georgia
    January 6th 1961, Judge W. A. Bootle orders admission for Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter, two black students trying to enter UGA. Ending the 160 years of segregation for the Unversty. The downside to Bootles desicion was the bill legislation passed cutting off funding to schools that integrated. Everything remained until January 11th when a mob gathered by Hunter's dormitory and destroyed property. The rioting ended when officials condemed the rioters.
  • Freedom Rides

    Freedom Rides
    On May 4th 1961, 7 blacks and 6 whites left Washington D.C. on two different public buses. They wanted to test Supreme Court's desicion of Boyton Vs. Virginia claiming that segregation between buses and trains was wrong and unconstitutional. Traveling from D.C. to Missippi sadly one of ther buses were burned in Birmingham Alabama. The Group continued to suffer attacks from protestors but succesfully made their outcry to the world and their supporters.
  • Albany Movement

    Albany Movement
    On November 1961 workers in NAACP and SNCC tested the illegal segregation claimed on 1955 making bus and train station illegal. The workers sat in the white only section of Albany, GA's bus staton. Their arrest started the Albany Movement which was led by Dr. William Anderson. In December Freedom Riders sat in the white section adn were aslo arrested and jailed. The Albany movement continued for months cramming 500 people in a jail or on bond. One of these was no other the MLK Jr. As a result..
  • Albany Movement (cont.)

    Albany Movement (cont.)
    As a result no immediate desegregation was acted upon the bus or businesses in Albany. A Biracal commtte was establshed though to help attend the needs of the concerns of African Americans in Albany
  • Birmingham AL protests

    Birmingham AL protests
    One of the most brutal campaigns for civil rights in one of the most in-humane areas. The group known as SCLC was wanting attention to the problems in Birmingham and how intense the segregation was. The group often sought for he nation r0o see how unfair the treatment was. The plan was simple as Dr. King said: "The purpose of ... direct action is to create a situation so crisis-packed that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation".