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To Kill A Mockingbird Timeline

  • The Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise
    At time when Congress was dead-lock and the country had an equal amount of slave states and free states; Missouri applyed to be part of the Union. This caused friction in Congress, caused it threatened to give the South more power. A compromise came when Congress made Maine, which also applied to the Union, a free state, and Missouri a slave state and outlawed slavery north of 36°30 latitude line.(Missouri`s southern border)
  • The Dred Scott Decision

    The Dred Scott Decision
    After the widow of his master refused to let him buy his and his wife`s freedom, Dred Scott sued her, claiming he spent large amounts of time with his master in places that outlawed slavery therefore he was free. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney annonced that only citizens can sue in federal court and that Scott had no business filing to case. He also said the federal government couldn`t outlaw slavery in states because it was unconstituntional and that slaves were considered property.
  • John Brown Raids Harpers Ferry

    John Brown Raids Harpers Ferry
    Abolitionist John Brown and twenty-one of his followers raided the armory in Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Their goal was to inspire local slaves to start a rebellion. Brown and his followers were quickly defeated and capture and the raid was pointless, but it would later have a big impact on the national debate on slavery.
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    American Civil War

    The American Civil War was caused by the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860. Eleven Southern states seceeded from the Union which Lincoln declared illegal. The Nothern(Union) states wanted the South(Confederates) to give up farming, build factories, and end slavery, South wanted to be their own country and Lincoln wanted to keep the Union together and if necessary end slavery. After four years the North won the war.
  • Emancipation Proclamation and Reconstruction

    Emancipation Proclamation and Reconstruction
    President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation and declared all 3.5 million slaves were free. The Reconstruction officially started when the Emancipation Proclamation was issued and spanned to 1877. Reconstruction involved accepting the free slaves and reparing the South after the Civil War.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    Southerners started enforcing segregation laws after Reconstruction endedin 1877. Jim Crow laws enforced public segregation almost everywhere in the South. The laws were based on the inferior belief of blacks and was prominent for most of the 20th century.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson Decision

    Plessy v. Ferguson Decision
    The Supreme Court made a decision when Homer Plessy, a Negro, sued after he was arrested for not sittingin a train car for Negros. The Court upheld the Louisana law that requires railroads provide seperate but equal rooms for blacks and whites.This was made by racial segregation laws called Seperate but Equal Doctrine and were preview of the Jim Crow Laws.
  • Brown vs. Board of Education Decission

    Brown vs. Board of Education Decission
    The Supreme Court made a declared that it was illegal to segregate back and white children in public schools. A year later The Supreme Court declared that schools can contiue to have all-black and all-white schools. These decissions help with the Civil Right movements in the 20th century.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Martin Luther King Jr. led a on going protest in Montgomery Alabama. Hundreds of African-Americans refused to ride the bus after Rosa Parks was arrested when she refused to give up her seat to a white man. The boycott lasted untill the bus company gave in to their demands and the blacks got treated fairly.
  • Pubication and Setting of To Kill A Mockingbird

    Pubication and Setting of To Kill A Mockingbird
    To Kill A Mockingbird was publishedin 1960, during the height of all the Civil Rights Movements and the process of when the African-Americans tried to get equal rights and end the Jim Crow Laws.The setting of To Kill A Mockingbird was in the 1930`s during the time when whites were really inferior of blacks,and blacks had very little rights and respect.
  • The March on Washington

    The March on Washington
    250,000 people surrounded the Lincoln Memorial for civil rights jobs and freedom. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke to the crowd and gave his famous "I Have A Dream" speach.
  • Assasination of Martin Luther King Jr.

    Assasination of Martin Luther King Jr.
    Martin Luther King Jr. was in Menphis giving a speach. While standing on the balcony of his hotel room, the Civil Rights leader was shot and killed by a sniper.