Civil Rights Movement

By billy84
  • Rosa Parks arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a public bus

    NAACP member Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat at the front of the "colored section" of a bus to a white passenger, defying a southern custom of the time.
  • Period: to

    montgomery bus boycott

    In response to Roa Parksarrest the Montgomery black community launches a bus boycott,
  • Governor Farbus of Arkansas brings in National Guard to prevent black students from going into a white school.

    Nine black students are blocked from entering the school on the orders of Governor Orval Faubus. President Eisenhower sends federal troops and the National Guard to intervene on behalf of the students, who become known as the "Little Rock Nine."
  • Sit in at Woolworth's lunch counter

    Four black students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College begin a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter. Although they are refused service, they are allowed to stay at the counter. The event triggers many similar nonviolent protests throughout the South. Six months later the original four protesters are served lunch at the same Woolworth's counter.
  • Freedom riders bus burned

    On May 14, Mother's Day, in Anniston, a mob of Ku Klux Klansmen, some still in church attire, attacked the first of the two buses. The driver tried to leave the station, but was blocked until KKK members slashed its tires. The mob forced the crippled bus to stop several miles outside of town and then firebombed it
  • Peaceful demonstrators ruthlessly attacked in Birmingham, Alabama- MLK arrested.

    Martin Luther King is arrested and jailed during anti-segregation protests in Birmingham, Ala.
  • MLK writes Letter from a Birmingham jail

    MLK writes his seminal "Letter from Birmingham Jail," arguing that individuals have the moral duty to disobey unjust laws.
  • March on Washington

    200,00 people plus marched from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, in what turned out to be both a protest and a communal celebration. The heavy police presence turned out to be unnecessary, as the march was noted for its civility and peacefulness.
  • I have a dream speech

    I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.” I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slaveowners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood.