The White Primary was used to keep blacks from voting in the primary. Blacks were not allowed to vote in primary election, but they could vote in general elections. The White Primary was abolished because it violated the 24th Amendment and also because of the court decision in the Smith V. Allwright case. http://www.ask.com/wiki/History_of_Georgia_(U.S._state)
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for sitting in the white section on the bus, and she didn't give up her seat to a white person. Montgomery Bus Boycott was a protest that was against Montgomery’s segregated public transport system. The Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was unconstitutional.
Change to Georgia's State Flag
In 1955, people began to add the Confederate flag to Georgias flag. The flag was changed to honor the 100th annivesary of the Civil War, but many people thought the flag was racist. They changed the state flag to a new flag that resembled the old confederate flag. http://www.netstate.com/states/symb/flags/ga_flag.htm
Crisis at Central High School and the "Little Rock Nine"
On October 12, 1958, people bombed the Hebrew Benevolent Congregation with dynamite. There were no casualties or injuries in this bombing. The bombers said "Negroes and Jews are hereby declared aliens." The people who bombed the Hebrew Benevolent Congregation did not like Jews and they were also trying to kill the temple's rabbi.
In 1960, the Sibley Commision formed to study the problem of school integration. Most of Georgia's schools had refused to integrate. Georgia's General Assembly voted to stop funding integrated schools in 1955. The Sibley Commission interviewed schools to find that 2/3 of their survey would rather close schools down instead of integrate.
picture link: http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Multimedia.jsp?id=m-10074
Integration of The University of Georgia
January 6, 1961- Court ruling stated that the University of Georgia had to admit two black teenagers; Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes. In the following days after the two students were enrolled into the University of Georgia, students protested outside of the enrollment office. They graduated to be successful later on in life.
These were protests that were organized by the SCLC and Martin Luther King to bring attention to the bad treatment of African-Americans in Birmingham Alabama. Some of the main goals were to desegragate downtown stores, making fair hiring in stores, and to desegragate schools. The Protesters were shot with water hoses and attacked by dogs.
September 15, 1963- 16th street Baptist church in Birmingham was bombed, four girls were killed, 20 other people were injured. The church was bombed by a Ku Klux Klan group. The bombing happened when the group placed dynamite under the steps of the church. At 10:22 am the bomb blew up and blew off the rear wall of the church.