Civil Rights

  • Civil War Begins

    Civil War Begins
    The Civil War began when Confederates bombarded Union soldiers at Fort Sumter, South Carolina. It was fought all over the country but the major states were Virginia and Tennesse. Approximately 620,000 soldiers died during the war.
  • Lincoln Signed the Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln Signed the Emancipation Proclamation
    On January 1st of 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued an executive order. This executive order was called the Emancipation Proclamation. This document stated that the 3 million African Americans that were enslaved in the South were now free.
  • Civil War Ends

    Civil War Ends
    Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of the Confederate forces, signs the surrender terms offered by the Union Negotiators.
  • Fourteenth Amendment

    Fourteenth Amendment
    The Fourteenth Amendment was adopted on July 9th of 1868. It gives citizenship rights and equal protection of the law to African Americans. It was proposed in reponse to issues related to former slaves following the Civil War.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Supreme Court decision allowing public facilities to seperate races. Stated that as long as they were both equal, they could be kept seperate. Ruled public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal."
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Supreme Court declared segregated schools to be unconstituional. Public schools were then supposed to be integrated. The Warren Court decided that "separate educational facilities were inherently unequal."
  • Emmett Till

    The Story of Emmett Till
    14 year old Emmett Till is lynched in Mississippi after reportedly flirting with a white girl. He was abducted by the girl's husband and his half-brother and beaten and mutilated. His body was found three days later in a river.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks Mini Bio
    Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on December 1st of 1955. This started the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This lasted many months and the city then had no choice but to lift the law that required segregation on buses.
  • MLK Chosen To Lead Boycott

    MLK Chosen To Lead Boycott
    Martin Luther Kind Jr. is chosen by Montgomery Improvement Association as president to lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott Victory

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    The city declares segregation on buses illegal.
  • Little Rock Nine

    The Little Rock Nine
    A group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School. Many people protested this and wanted to keep schools segregated.
  • Lunch Counter Sit-Ins

    Lunch Counter Sit-Ins
    Four college students do lunch counter sit-ins in Greensboro, North Carolina.
  • "I Have A Dream"

    "I Have A Dream" Speech
    Over a quarter of a million people hear MLK's "I Have A Dream" speech while participating in the March on Washington.
  • 16th Street Church Bombing

    16th Street Church Bombing
    The church bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism. Four members of the Klu Klux Klan put five sticks of dynamite underneath church steps.
  • MLK Is Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

    MLK Is Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    Martin Luther King Junior is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize by the Nobel Foundation.