Civil Rights

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Plessy v. Ferguson was a United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal."
  • Brown vs. Board of Education

    Brown vs. Board of Education
    A young girl named Linda Brown had to walk six blocks to the bus stop to go on a bus so she could go to her all-black school that was a mile away, whereas there was a white school only seven blocks away. Linda's father, Oliver Brown, took it to the Board of Education because he saw no point in it.
  • Election

    Dwight D. Eisenhower was reelected. He was born on October 14, 1890. Eisenhower died on March 28, 1969. He was in office for 2 terms, from January 20, 1953 - January 20, 1961. He was in office for End of the Korean War (1953), Brown v. Board of Education (1954), Interstate Highway System Created (1956), Eisenhower ordered Federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to enforce integration (1957), and the Eisenhower Doctrine (1957).
  • Arkansas National Guard

    Arkansas National Guard
    Governor Orbal Faubus deployed the Arkansas National Guard to support the segregationists. The sight of a line of soldiers blocking nine black students from attending high school made national headlines and polarized the nation.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    The Civil Rights Act of 1957 was the first civil rights legislation enacted by Congress in the United States since Reconstruction following the American Civil War.
  • Central High School

    Central High School
    Governor Orval Faubus showed support for segregation. He ordered the National Guard to turn away the "Little Rock Nine". The "Little Rock Nine" was a group of nine African-American students who volunteered to integrate Central High School. NAACP members called eight of the students and arranged to drive them to school. They couldn't reach Elizabeth Eckford. She had to walk alone from the school to the bus stop while she was surrounded by a mob of whites yelling and making fun of her.
  • Minnie Jean Brown

    Minnie Jean Brown
    Minnie Jean Brown was one of the students in the "Little Rock Nine". She got made fun of daily and faced a huge mob like Elizabeth Eckford. Minnie got suspended because she poured a bowl of chili on a white boy's head. She also got in trouble for calling a girl "white trash".
  • Ernest Green

    Ernest Green
    Ernest Green was also one of the "Little Rock Nine". Green was the first black to graduate from Central High School in 1958. In 1999, he and the other people of the Little Rock Nine were awarded the Congressional Gold Medal by President Bill Clinton.
  • Election

    John F. Kennedy was elected president.
  • Election

    Lyndon B. Johnson was elected president.