Chinese immigration and African-American emigration By Lauren Connally Period: Jan 1, 1840 to Jan 1, 1850 Chinese struggle for work Once they realized how difficult their situation was, the first generation of Chinese immigrants scrambled to find some way to earn a living wage. Jan 1, 1851 Searching for Gold Mountain Chinese immigrants left their houses for California in search of gold. Jan 1, 1870 Sidewalk Ordinance The Sidewalk Ordinance of 1870 banned the Chinese method of carrying vegetables and carrying laundry on a pole. Jan 1, 1873 Queue Ordinance The Queue Ordinance of 1873 outlawed the wearing of long braids by men, a Chinese custom. Jan 1, 1902 Geary Act This act added restrictions by requiring each Chinese resident to register and obtain a certificate of residence. Period: Jan 1, 1915 to Jan 1, 1930 Great Trek North This was when African Americans migrated from the South to northern cities to escape discrimination and difficult living and working conditions. Jul 2, 1917 Most Brutal Wartime Racial Incident White rioters rampaged through African American neighborhoods, leaving atleast 39 dead. Jan 1, 1924 Immigration Act The 1924 Immigration Act tightened the noose even further, excluding all classes of Chinese immigrants and extending restrictions to other Asian immigrant groups. Period: Jan 1, 1940 to Jan 1, 1960 Black movement from the south Between 1940 and 1960 over 3,348,000 blacks left the south for northern and western cities. Jan 1, 1943 Exclusion Act was abolished Exclusion Act was finally swept away, brought down by the pressures of "wartime labor shortages and popular sentiment."