Chinese immigration and African-American emigration

  • Period: to

    Chinese struggle for work

    Once they realized how difficult their situation was, the first generation of Chinese immigrants scrambled to find some way to earn a living wage.
  • Searching for Gold Mountain

    Chinese immigrants left their houses for California in search of gold.
  • Sidewalk Ordinance

    The Sidewalk Ordinance of 1870 banned the Chinese method of carrying vegetables and carrying laundry on a pole.
  • Queue Ordinance

    The Queue Ordinance of 1873 outlawed the wearing of long braids by men, a Chinese custom.
  • Geary Act

    This act added restrictions by requiring each Chinese resident to register and obtain a certificate of residence.
  • Period: to

    Great Trek North

    This was when African Americans migrated from the South to northern cities to escape discrimination and difficult living and working conditions.
  • Most Brutal Wartime Racial Incident

    White rioters rampaged through African American neighborhoods, leaving atleast 39 dead.
  • Immigration Act

    The 1924 Immigration Act tightened the noose even further, excluding all classes of Chinese immigrants and extending restrictions to other Asian immigrant groups.
  • Period: to

    Black movement from the south

    Between 1940 and 1960 over 3,348,000 blacks left the south for northern and western cities.
  • Exclusion Act was abolished

    Exclusion Act was finally swept away, brought down by the pressures of "wartime labor shortages and popular sentiment."