Chapter 30: The Vietnam War

  • Japan Takes Over.

    Japan Takes Over.
    Japan seized control over Vietnam.
  • Period: to

    The Vietnam War.

    Events concerning the war and nations.
  • Vietminh.

    Ho Chi Minh organized a nationalist group called Vietminh.
  • Victory for the Allies'.

    Victory for the Allies'.
    Allies' won victory over Japan. The Japanese surrended control of Indochina.
  • Independence.

    Ho Chi Minh announced Vietnam as an independent nation.
  • French-Vietnam War.

    French-Vietnam War.
    The French-Vietnam war begins. The Vietminh were driven into hiding in the country side by the French troops.
  • India's Independence.

    India's Independence.
    The British give India their independence.
  • A New Government.

    A New Government.
    French officials set up a new government in Vietnam.
  • Military Aid.

    Military Aid.
    The United States supply military aid to France.
  • France Faces Defeat.

    France Faces Defeat.
    Vietmih defeat the French at Dien Bien Phu.
  • Geneva Accords.

    Geneva Accords.
    The Geneva Accords are signed in Paris.
  • Election Issues.

    Election Issues.
    Ngo Dinh Diem refuses to participate in nationwide elections in Vietnam.
  • American Military Advisers.

    American Military Advisers.
    The number of American military advisers in South Vietnam reaches around 15,000.
  • Power Siezed.

    Power Siezed.
    Vietnam generals siezed power and executed Diem.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
    The Senate and House passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which authorized the president to "take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression".
  • Bombings Begin.

    Bombings Begin.
    The United States begins bombing North Vietnam.
  • Teach-Ins.

    Teach-ins started which consisted of teachers and students abandoning their classes to gather together to disscuss the issues surrounding the war and why they opposed it.
  • Combat Troops.

    Combat Troops.
    The first American combat troops arrived in Vietnam.
  • Death Toll.

    Death Toll.
    By 1966 more than 6,700 American soldiers had been killed.
  • Foreign Relations Committee.

    Foreign Relations Committee.
    The Senate Foreign Relations Committee begins Vietnam hearings.
  • March on the Pentagon.

    March on the Pentagon.
    Citizens marched to the Pentagon to express their anger over the conflicting voting and drafting ages.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    Vietcong and North Vietnamese launched a massive surprise attack, guerrilla fighters attacked virtually all American airbases in South Vietnam and most of the South's major cities and provinical capitals.
  • Secret Peace Negotiatiions.

    Secret Peace Negotiatiions.
    Secret peace negotitations between the U.S. and North Vietnam begin.
  • Withdrawal.

    Nixon announces the withdrawal of 25,000 soldiers, but says it is not a sign of a surrender.
  • Cambodia.

    American troops invaded Cambodia.
  • Kent State University.

    Kent State University.
    The Ohio National Guard attacked Kent State University demonstrators with out an order. Four were killed, and nine wounded. This led to a nationwide student strike which forced hundereds of colleges and universities to close.
  • Pentagon Papers.

    Pentagon Papers.
    Dniel Ellsberg (disillusioned fromer defense department worker) leaked the Pentagon Papers to The New York Times, they said that government officials during the Johnson adminsitration secretly questioned war but publically supported it.
  • Christmas Bombing.

    Christmas Bombing.
    Nixon initiates the Christmas bombing. American B-52s dropped thousands of tons of bombs on North Vietnam targts for eleven straight days pausing only on Christmas day.
  • War Powers Act.

    War Powers Act.
    Congress passed the War Powers Act as a way to reestablish some limits on executive powers.
  • Ceasefire.

    Warring sides signed a ceasefire to "end the war and restore the peace in Vietnam".
  • Evacuation.

    The last Americans were evacuated from Vietnam.
  • Invasion.

    The North Vietnamese army launced a full-scale invasion of South Vietnam.
  • Captured.

    North Vietnam captured Saigon, South Vietnam's capital, and united Vietnam under communist control.
  • Vietnam Veteren's Memorial.

    Vietnam Veteren's Memorial.
    The United States dedicated the Vietnam Veteren's Memorial in Washington D.C.