Chapter 10: "The Arts and Crafts Movement and Its Heritage"

  • "The Elements of Euclid"

    "The Elements of Euclid"
    William Pickering created his own edition of Oliver Byrne's "The Element of Euclid" where he went against the traditional designs by using color to identify the lines and shapes in the diagrams.
  • Red House

    Red House
    The Red House was co-designed in 1859 by Philip Webb and William Morris. The construction of the house was finished in 1860. Known as the Arts & Crafts home of Morris and his family. A Redbrick house with pointed window frames and towering chimneys.
  • Art's and Crafts Movement

    Art's and Crafts Movement
    Emerged in Britain. William Morris was the main influencer of this movement. Morris was a pivotal figure in the history of design and was concerned about the problems of industrialization and the factory system. He was committed to recapturing the beauty of incunabula books and established the Kelmscott Press which he designed three typefaces for use in books printed at the press.
  • "Morris, Marshall, Faulkner, and Company"

    "Morris, Marshall, Faulkner, and Company"
    William Morris joined his own firm with his six friends that focused on art-decorating.
  • Morris and Company

    Morris and Company
    The "Morris, Marshall, Faulkner, and Company" reorganized and "Morris and Company" where Morris became the sole owner of the firm.
  • Fabric design Rose

    Fabric design Rose
    Designed by William Morris which "demonstrates his close study of botany and drawing fluency."
  • Title page for Wren’s City Churches

    Title page for Wren’s City Churches
    Arthur H. Mackmurdo, title page for Wren’s City Churches, 1883. Mackmurdo’s plant forms are stylized into flamelike, undulating rhythms that compress the negative space between them. This establishes a positive and negative interplay between black ink and white paper.
  • The Century Guild Hobby Horse

    The Century Guild Hobby Horse
    Selwyn Image, title page to The Century Guild Hobby Horse, 1884. Packing it with detail, Image designed a “page within a page” that reflects the medieval preoccupation of the Arts and Crafts movement.
  • Camelot Press

    Founded by Frederic W. Goudy in 1885. He created approximately 122 typefaces that were inspired by the Venetian and French Renaissance.
  • Camelot Typeface

    Camelot Typeface
    Camelot was Frederic Goudy's first typeface that he designed.
  • "Guild of Handicraft"

    "Guild of Handicraft"
    A Workshop established by Charles R. Ashbee focused on socialism and the ideals of the arts and crafts movement.
  • Essex House Press

    Essex House Press
    In 1890, the guild leased Essex House and formed the Essex House Press.
  • Golden Typeface

    Golden Typeface
    Serif font designed by William Morris for the Kelmscott Press.
  • The Kelmscott Press

    The Kelmscott Press
    Founded by William Morris. "The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer" was the most outstanding volume from the press.
  • Eragny Press

    Eragny Press
    Was established by Lucien and Esther Pissarro. The two worked on designing, wood engraving, and printing where their books combined designs from different movements such as the private press movement and the art nouveau movement.
  • Chaucer Typeface

    Chaucer Typeface
    Designed by William Morris.
  • "Essex House Psalter of 1902"

    The Essex House Press designed the "Essex House Psalter of 1902" where each psalm had its own graphic design.
  • "Pin" by Florence Koehler, 1905

    "Pin" by Florence Koehler, 1905
    The culture of this artifact derives from an American background as it was made in Chicago, Illinois, United States during the Arts & Crafts movement. The medium of this piece consists of gold, sapphire, pearls, emeralds, and enamel. This specific piece of jewelry implements designs of the past that date back to the Renaissance as the pearls, gems, unpolished gold, and muted green enamel, give off this sense of wealth and royalty.
  • Frederic W. Goudy, booklet cover, 1911

    Frederic W. Goudy, booklet cover, 1911
    Frederic W. Goudy, booklet cover, 1911. The ideals of the Arts and Crafts movement were actualized in printing for commerce.
  • Hollandsche Mediaeval

    Hollandsche Mediaeval
    The first typeface designed and produced in the Netherlands. Was designed by Sjoerd H. de Roos which was based on fifteenth-century Venetian types.
  • Centaur Typeface

    Centaur Typeface
    Designed by Albert Bruce Rogers. His inspiration came from Nicholas Jenson from the Renaissance period.
  • Century Schoolbook

    Century Schoolbook
    A type design created specifically for textbooks. Morris F. Benton studied human perception and reading comprehension to help design this font.
  • "Graphic Designer"

    In the 1920s, the term "graphic designer" was introduced by William Addison Dwiggins. The term was created to describe his professional activities.
  • Nueland Typeface

    Nueland Typeface
    Designed by Rudolph Koch, who was Germany's most important type designer during the 20th century.
  • Caledonia Typeface

    Caledonia Typeface
    Designed by Addison Dwiggins for Mergenthaler Linotype Company. This serif font is often used in book design.