Windsor ChairCopied after furniture popular during reign of King James of England
Local woods such as pine, poplar, cherry, maple, oak.
Handles and ornamentation made of wood; no metals being imported from England early on.
Ornamentation of furniture included:
moldings of split spindles
and egg-shaped bosses.
Chairs through the Ages
Pennsylvania Dustch ChairFirst assembly line produced chair in New England by Lambert Hitchcock
Usually painted black with turned legs and rush seat
Based on Sheraton Empire forms
Backs made with horizontal rails and vertical slats.
Backs originally hand painted by women, but later stenciled.
Also produced and painted by the Pennsylvania Dutch
Georgian: Willaim and Mary ChairLeather seats
Nail head trim
Block and Ball carved legs
Spanish Grooved Foot
Georgian: Queen Anne ChairCabriole Leg
Vase shaped Splat
Georgian: Chippendale ChairCarved, pierced
Ball and claw foot
or Marlboro Leg
Shaker: Slat Back RockerWell Crafted, by hand; utilitarian; no decoration; very collectible today.
Federal: Sheraton ChairKept chair backs with straight lines and square shapes.
Kept backs as open as possible.
Single cross rails, vertical uprights and trellis effect.
Tapered legs including spade toe.
Turned legs with reeding became a fashionable form of decoration.
Shield back with straight top.
Federal: Hepplewhite ChairShield Back Chairs
Thin, square, tapered leg
American Empire: Regency ChairFormal style
Dark, polished woods
Harp back chairs
Curved/rounded backs on chairs
Pedastal bases on tables
Victorian: Henry Belter ChairBent with steam and pressure, frame could be elaborately carved in lacelike appearance.
Arts and CraftsFurniture made of oak
Vertical back slats, straight flat arms
Art Deco: Club Chairclub chair in blonde walnut
clean and minimal design
International: Barcelona ChairArchitectural in style
Use of chrome & glass
Bold color accents
Art/Sculpture as focal point