Black Panther Panther

  • Bobby Seale and Huey Newton found the Black Panther Party for Self Defense in Oakland.

  • Armed Panthers invade the capitol in California to protest legislation limiting their right to bear arms.

  • Shoot-out between Panthers and Oakland police leaves 17-year-old Panther Bobby Hutton dead.

  • Newton found guilty of voluntary manslaughter of an Oakland police officer and is sentenced to two to 15 years; an appeals court reverses the conviction; two more trials end in mistrials.

  • Panthers start free breakfast program for children. Other community programs follow.

  • UCLA shoot-out between Panthers and US organization kills leaders John Huggins and Bunchy Carter.

  • Opening of Chicago Eight trial. Bobby Seale and seven others are accused of crossing state lines to incite rioting at 1968 Democratic convention.

  • A predawn raid by police leaves Panthers Fred Hampton and Mark Clark dead in a Chicago apartment.

  • Newton is charged with murdering a prostitute and pistol-whipping a tailor and flees to Cuba, turning the Party over to Elaine Brown. He returns three years later, and is in and out of prison for that offense and for others over the next 15 years.

  • Huey Newton is killed in West Oakland.

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