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Battles of the Civil War

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    Was fought in Prince William County, Virginia, near the city of Manassas
    Irvin McDowell and Robert Patterson of the Union and P.G.T Beauregard and Joseph E. Johnston of the Confederacy were the leaders of their armies, along with "Stonewall" Jackson.
    The Union had 28,000-35,000 while the Confederates had 32,000-34,000.
    The casualties of the Union were 2,896 and the casualties of the South was 1982.

    The battle was fought at Bull Run because that was where the Union wanted to flank the South
  • First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)

    The Significance of this battle showed the nation that this war will not last 60 days, it showed them that it was going to be a bloody battle throughout the whole entire war.
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    The battle started with demonstration shots throught the south's headquarter. The Union were winning the war when they were in the shooting lines, but then a soldier for the Confederates said something about Thomas Jackson "standing their like a stonewall" hencing his nickname Stonewall Jackson. everybody started using their bayonets which was the turning point to where the Union had started retreating from the Confederates.
    Barnard Bee was general that was wounded during the battle.
  • Monitor vs. Virginia (The Battle of Hampton Road)

    Monitor vs. Virginia (The Battle of Hampton Road)
    The battle was fought off of Sewell's Point near the mouth of Hampton Roads, in Virginia
    The significance of this battle is that it was the first naval battle of the American Civil war.
    John Marston and Louis M. Goldsborough were the commanding officers for the Union while the Confederates had Franklin Buchanan and Catesby ap Roger Jones as their commanding officers.
    The Union had one ironclad and five frigates while the South had one ironclad, two wooden warships, one gunboat, and two tenders.
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    surrendered. The USS Monitor goes to attack Virginia. The Virginia hit a weak spot in the Monitor causing it to draw off and go defensive protecting USS Minnesota. The Ironclads were then on a standoff for the rest of the war.
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    The casualties for the Union was 261 killed, about 100 wounded 1 frigate sunk, another damaged one-sloop-of-war sunk.
    The battle was fought there because president Lincoln had a blockade on many of the southern ports except for Hampton Roads where the south was defending it. The battle started off with the sinking of the USS Cumberland by the CSS Virginia by ramming into it almost causing the Virginia to sink. Virginia then attacks the USS Congress, after about an hour of fighting the Congress
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    the others of the attack that was about to happen. The effectiveness of the plan was setback because Beauregard and Johnston had no real battle plan. They came up with a front line tactic that was outdated and lacked depth and weight for it to succeed. The Union were fleeing and gthe Confederates dropped their muskets and grabbed Union rifles that were dropped. Ulysses S. Grant had rallied the Union army by just waiting on W.H.L. Wallace, giving him a negative report and pretty much destroying.
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    ending his military career.
    Only one leader was wounded this battle being Ulysses S. Grant when his horse fell over on him and he had to be on crutches.
    The Significance of this battle that it was one of the 1st five battlefields to be restored by federal government.
  • Battle of Shiloh (Battle of Pittsburg Landing)

    The Battle was located in southwestern Tennesse.
    The leaders of the south was P.G.T Beauregard and Albert SIdney Johnston. The leaders for the Union were Ulysses S. Grant and Don Carlos Buell. The Union Army had About 67,000 men to the Confederates having about 45,000 men.
    The casualties for the Union was a little bit over 13,000 and the Confederates were about 10,000. At 6:00 am the Confederates were deployed for a tactical and stealthy surprise attack because there were no patrols to warn
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    there was a battle at Bull Run. Jackson could have easily overpowered a Union force if it was day light. Since it was night, Jackson had to retreat due to many captures and two key generals were wounded. He had to defend Stony Ridge, which he did very well with his army. The south had a counterattack which worked very affectively, making the Union army retreat.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)

    Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)
    Fought at Manassas because Stonewall Jackson captured the Union supply depot, threatening a Union General's communication with Washington D.C.\
    The Commanding officer for the Union was John Pope and the Confedrate's was Robert E. Lee. The Union had about 62,000 men compared to the south having about 50,000. The Union had about 10,000 killed and wounded compared to the south having 1,200 killed and 7,000 wounded.
    This battle was significant because of the fact that it was the 2nd time
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    The battle was pretty much a stalemate except for the beginning of the battle and the end of the battle. One brigade took out 500 soldiers of the south and only losing 160. The significance of this battle is that it was one of the bloodiest battles in the war.
  • Battle of Antietam (Battle of Sharpsburg)

    Battle of Antietam (Battle of Sharpsburg)
    Fought near Sharpsburg, Maryland and near the Antietam Creek.
    The Union's commanding officer had George M. McClellan and the South was Robert E. Lee. 75,000 soldiers were present for duty for the Union and the south had 38,000 engaged. 12,000 casualties in the Union compared to about 10,000 in the south.
    The battle started off in a corn field where everything was just chaos. It remained a stalemate. 500 yards west, though the Union was beating the tar out of the South making them withdraw.
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    with four armies back to back. The significance of this battlefield was used in the movie "Gods and Generals."
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    Was fought in Fredericksburg, Virginia.
    The Union had 114,000 engaged compared to about 72,000 in the south.
    Ambrose E. Burnside was Union leader and Robert E. Lee was the south's commanding officer.
    The casualties for for the Union was about 12,000 compared to about 5,000 for the Confederacy.
    They fought there for Lincoln to show the success of the Union war effort.
    The south was winning for the entire battle, but the turning point was Sumner's assault. This was where they were pushing
  • Battle of Stone's River (Battle of Murfreesboro)

    Battle of Stone's River (Battle of Murfreesboro)
    Was fought in Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
    Commander of the Union was William Rosecrans and he had an army of 41,000 strong compared to the Confederacy's Braxton Braggs 35,000. The battle was close one side having 12,000 casualties (Union) to the another having 11,000 (Confederacy.)
    The Confederacy attacked first, but the whole battle was pretty much a stalemate due to neither side having the edge or having a great battle plan. The battle was so close the result was inconclusive.
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    The battle was fought there because the south had planned an assault to stop the Union's defense.
    There were four Brigadier Generals that were killed in the battle. (Confederate James E. Rains and Roger W. Hanson; Union Edward N. Kirk and Joshua W. Sill)
    The significance of this battle was it had the highest casualties percentage in the war due to there only being 75,000 soldiers engaged in the battle.
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    Stonewall Jackson had created the turning point of the battle because of his army going into the offensive pushing the much bigger army fall back and soon enough the whole army was in the offensive. Notable casualties was Stonewall Jackson being shot by his own men and dying days later in the medic center.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    Fought in Spotsylvania County, Virginia because it was part of the Union's campaign.
    Robert E. Lee was commanding officer for the south and Joseph Hooker was it for the north.
    The Union had about 133,000 and the Confederacy had about 60,000. The Union had about 17,000 casualties and the South had 13,000 casualties.
    The battle was won by the Confederacy because of the General Lee's decison to split his army and trap the Union soldiers that were much bigger than them.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    Fought in Warren County, Mississippi
    Commanding officers were Ulysses S.Grant for the Union and John C. Pemberton for the Confederacy.
    There were about 77,000 for the Union fighting and about 33,000 for the Confederates. The union had about 4,800 in casualties and the South had about 3,200 and 29,000 surrendered. The battle was fought there because Pemberton kept getting backed up trying not to get outflanked by the Union. The significance of this battle is when Pemberton surrendered on July
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    4th, the U.S. did not celebrate Independence Day until 1907.
    The North won the battle becasue they went on a siege and destroyed the defenses of the South as they surrendered on July 4th.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Fought in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
    This battle is significant because this battle had the largest amount of casualties and is thought as the turning point in the war. There were about 93,000 soldiers for the Union being commanded by George G. Meade and John F. Reynolds. The Confedreacy had about 71,000 men being commanded by Robert E. Lee. Both sides had about 23,000 casualties. The battle was fought there because Lee decided to invade Pennsylvania. The south was flanking the the west and east
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    side of the Union army and then the South just retreated after getting pushed back. The victory for the Union was a decisive victory.
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    happened when the north had ran out of ammo and were forced to use their bayonets defending themselves until they were surrounded, causing them to surrender.
  • Battle of Chickamauga

    Battle of Chickamauga
    The battle was fought in Catoosa County and Walker County, Georgia with the Union having about 60,000 to the Confederates having 65,000. The Union is being commanded by William Rosecrans and the South had the Braxton Braggs. The Casualties for the union was 16,000 compared to the South's 18,000. They fought there becasue the Union wanted to aim the South out of Chattanooga. The Union had tried to siege the city but had failed by not attacking and going too slow. The turning point of the battle
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    during the 100th anniversary five postage stamps were created.
  • Battle of The Wilderness

    Battle of The Wilderness
    Fought in Spotsylvania County and Orange County, Virginia Where the Union had about 102,000 men and the South had about 60,000. The Uniion was led by Ulysses S. Grant and George G. Meade while the South had been commanded by Robert E. Lee. The Casualty count was 17,000 for the Union and 11,000 for the Confederates. They fought there because the Union planned to destroy Lee's Army. There was no turning point in the battle because it was a stalemate the whoel battle. Significance of this battle
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    was that it is one of the top 5 costliest battles in the Civil War
  • The Battle of Spotyslvania Courthouse (Battle of Spotsylvania)

    The Battle of Spotyslvania Courthouse (Battle of Spotsylvania)
    This battle occured in Spotsylvania County, Virginia where the Union was led by Ulysses S. Grant and George G. Meade with 100,000 strong and the South was led by Robert E. Lee with about 52,000. The South had lost about 12,000 to the Union's 18,000. The battle was fought there because Grant led General Lee there from the last battle. The battle was a stalemate the whole time for the same reasons as the Wilderness casusing there to be no turning point of the battle. The significance of the battle
  • Siege of Petersburg

    Siege of Petersburg
    Fought for 9 months in Petersburg, Virginia in a series of battles where the union had 62,000-100,000 for the union and 52,000 for the south where there were 42,000 casualties for the Union and 28,000 casualties for the South. The Union had won due to the leadership of George G. Meade, Ulysses S. Grant and Ben F. Butler and the South was led by Robert E. Lee. The Union sieged the city of Petersburg which was the turning point of the battle.
  • Sherman's March (Sherman's March to the Sea)

    Sherman's March (Sherman's March to the Sea)
    The battle began in Atlanta, Georgia when troops began leaving the city. Being led by Ulysses S. Grant and William T. Sherman with about 60,000 with the South having about the same where the south was being led by Robert E. Lee. about 3,100 died , 2000 being the Union's but the Union won the battle with the taking of Savannah which is the turning point of the battle.
  • Battle Of Nashville

    Battle Of Nashville
    The Battle was fought in Nashville, Tennessee because it was part of the Franklin-Nashville campaign. The Union was led by George H.Thomas and the confederate was led by John Bell Hood. The Union had 55,000 soldier compared to the South's 30,000. The casualty had 3,000 and the south had about 6,000. The south took two federal transports the first two days, then the Union attacked the south causing the south to retreat. The lasting impact of this battle pretty much awarded the union the win.
  • Battle of Appomattox Court House

    Battle of Appomattox Court House
    This is where Robert E. Lee surrenders which giving the Victory to the Union. This also is where the union wins the War. The Battle was fought at the Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia. The Union was led by Ulysses S. Grant with 100,000 men compared to Robert E. Lee having 28,000 where there were 104 men killed for the union and there were 500 killed and wounded and 27,805. The union picked up where they left off, causing the South to surrendered.