Azuchi-Momoyama Period (1568-1603)

  • 1568

    Oda Nobunaga occupies Kyôto

    Oda Nobunaga occupies Kyôto
    Oda Nobunaga( a Daimyo) occupies Kyôto and installs Ashikaga Yoshiaki as the fifteenth, and last, Ashikaga Shôgun
  • 1569

    Nobunaga defeats and subjugates Ise Province.

    Nobunaga defeats and subjugates Ise Province.
    Oda Nobunaga subjugates the Ise province of japan
  • 1573

    Ashikaga Yoshiaki

    Ashikaga Yoshiaki
    Ashikaga Yoshiaki lost his position as shogun. He shaved his head, becoming a Buddhist priest. Initially, he took the priestly name Sho-san, but he eventually came to be known as Rei-o In and officially resigns in 1588. He flees to exile on Shikoku and then unsuccessfully wanders the country looking for support until his death in 1597. This is the end of the Ashikaga Shôgunate and no one holds the title again until 1603 photo from: http://koei.wikia.com/wiki/Yoshiaki_Ashikaga
  • 1573

    Nobunaga Attacks Ikko believers

    Nobunaga Attacks Ikko believers
    After being defeated once Nobunaga forces attack Ikkô believers in Owari Province but are defeated again. in early 1573
    photofrom: http://www.twcenter.net/forums/showthread.php?631848-Namu-Amida-Butsu-A-Shogun-2-Ikko-Ikki-AAR-Tale-Updated-11-12-2013
  • 1573

    Nobunaga attacks Ikko belivers again

    Nobunaga attacks Ikko belivers again
    After being defeated twice Nobunaga defeats Ikkô sect followers and their supporters in a protracted seige of their strongholds at Nagashima. He accomplishes this by by offering peace and then massacring 40,000 believers when they accept. photo from: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/287526757430833079/
  • Period: 1573 to

    Tensho Era

    this period ran through July 1573 to December of 1592 the era name was created to mark a number of regional wars and the name was inspired by a passage from the Chinese classic laozi. :"Those who are at peace with nature bring all under Heaven into its correct pattern"
  • Jan 23, 1573

    Battle of Mikatagahara

    Battle of Mikatagahara
    The Battle of Mikatagahara was one of the most famous battles of Takeda Shingens campaign and one of the best showing of his strategic abilities. it also served as Tokugawa Ieyasu's worst defeats.
  • 1575

    Nobunaga's 10 Generals

    Nobunaga's 10 Generals
    After defeating the Ikko believers Nobunaga's inner circle is now restricted to 10 generals: Hideyoshi, Takigawa Kazumasu, Akechi Mitsuhide, Niwa Nagahide, Shibata Katsuie, Sassa Narimasa, Maeda Toshiie, Sakuma Nobumori, Ikeda Tsuneoki, and Môri Nagayoshi. photo from: http://www.oocities.org/azuchiwind/takeda.htm
  • 1576

    Nobunaga's Castle

    Nobunaga's Castle
    Nobunaga commences building a castle on Azuchiyama on eastern bank of Lake Biwa in Ômi Province (completed in 1579). He also commences the process of disarming peasants in selected territories. in early 1576 photo from: https://rakugoleon.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/p1030531.jpg
  • 1577

    Nubunaga becoming the Minister of the Right

    Nubunaga becoming the Minister of the Right
    After having his castle built Nobunaga receives the title of Minister of the Right (Udaijin) from the emperor.
  • 1579

    Nobunaga Vs Ishiyama Honganji

    Nobunaga Vs Ishiyama Honganji
    Nobunaga troops attack and defeat Ikkô troops and supporters in Kii Province, thus cutting off supply routes to Ishiyama Honganji.
    1578
    Nobunaga supporters start expanding to lands West of Kyôto.
    Nobunaga resigns all court offices and titles and transfers them to his heirs.
    1579 Nobunaga moves to Azuchi castle. photo from: http://www.badassoftheweek.com/index.cgi?id=75213299666
  • 1580

    Ishiyama Honganji Defeat

    Ishiyama Honganji Defeat
    April 1580 With no supplies, no relief in sight, and having received a letter from the emperor advising them to do so, Ishiyama Honganji surrenders to Nobunaga. This ends the power of the Ikkô sect. but many believers flee to Saginomori in Kii Province.
  • 1582

    Nobunaga, Ieyasu, and Hôjô attack Takeda Katsuyori

    Nobunaga, Ieyasu, and Hôjô attack Takeda Katsuyori
    Nobunaga, Ieyasu, and Hôjô attack Takeda Katsuyori in the east (in Kai Province). Takeda is killed and the family comes to an end. Hideyoshi attempts to take Takamatsu castle in the west (in Bitchû Province). As the castle defenses weaken, the Môri family sends reinforcements from the west. Hideyoshi sends word to Nobunaga asking for help. photo from:http://koei.wikia.com/wiki/File:Katsuyori_Takeda_(NAS).jpg
  • 1582

    Oda Hidenobu

    Oda Hidenobu
    At Hideyoshi's insistence, Sambôshi, Nobunaga's three-year old grandson (later called Oda Hidenobu) is appointed heir under the guardianship of four generals. Joint authority over Kyôto is given to Hideyoshi, Niwa Nagahide, Ikeda Tsuneoki, and Shibata Katsuie but Hideyoshi, alone, actually governed. photo from: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oda_Hidenobu-2.jpg
  • 1582

    Hideyoshi's Receives a new rank

    Hideyoshi's Receives a new rank
    in late 1582 Hideyoshi receives a minor court title from the emperor. He also orders the beginning of land surveys in provinces throughout the country. These continue through the year 1598 photo from: http://www2.hawaii.edu/~sford/research/turtle/index.html
  • Jun 21, 1582

    Oda Nobunaga

    Oda Nobunaga
    Nobunaga sends his armies west to reinforce Hideyoshi at Takamatsu.
    Nobunaga is assassinated by Akechi Mitsuhide at Honnôji while heading to Takamatsu himself (he was 49 years old). Nobutada, Nobunaga's eldest son and heir is also assassinated at Nijô palace in Kyôto.
    (By this time, Nobunaga controlled land in 20 of Japan's 66 provinces)
    Nobunaga forces make a last attempt to eliminate the Ikkô believers
    in Saginomori, but the campaign is never completed because of Nobunaga's death.
  • Battle of Shizugatake

    Battle of Shizugatake
    Hideyoshi defeats Shibata Katsuie (who had now turned against him) at the battle of Shizugatake in Echizen.
  • Hideyoshi takes the provinces

    Hideyoshi takes the provinces
    Hideyoshi takes the provinces of Kaga, Noto, and Etchû. He also fights two battles with Tokugawa Ieyasu in Owari. Nobutaka (Nobunaga's third son) is confined to a monastery in Owari Province after supporting Hideyoshi opponents and he commits suicide while there.
    (Hideyoshi now controls 30 provinces)
  • Hideyoshi the most powerful leader

    Hideyoshi the most powerful leader
    Hideyoshi comes to terms with Ieyasu and fighting between them stops. Ieyasu retires to Mikawa Province in the east. This makes Hideyoshi the overall power in the country and the leader of most of the country.
  • Go-Yozei

    Go-Yozei
    Hideyoshi commences unification of the Shikoku daimyô and defeats the Chôsôkabe house. He also subdues Kii and Izumi Provinces. Emperor Ôgimachi resigns and Go-Yozei becomes the new (and 107th) emperor.
  • Unification of the Kyûshû daimyô

    Unification of the Kyûshû daimyô
    Hideyoshi calls on supporters around the country and commences unification of the Kyûshû daimyô. His main concern is the defeat of the Shimazu of Satsuma. photo from: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/332422016222068652/
  • Hideyoshi now controls all of Kyûshû.

    Hideyoshi now controls all of Kyûshû.
    Satsuma surrenders to Hiyeoshi and pledges to support him. In return, Hideyoshi allows them to keep their lands Hideyoshi now controls all of Kyûshû. After returning from Kyûshû, Hideyoshi issues an order officially banning Christianity and expelling Jesuit missionaries from the country (although the order was not energetically enforced until 1597). Hideyoshi moves from Ôsaka to Jûrakudai, his newly completed palace in Kyôto.
  • Hideyoshi now moves to Korea

    Hideyoshi now moves to Korea
    after getting japan under control Hideyoshi and 200,000 Japanese troops invade Korea with plans to continue on to China. Hideyoshi directs the invasion from a headquarters he sets up in Hizen Province on Kyûshû. Seoul is occupied by mid June. photo from: https://www.samurai-archives.com/hak.html
  • Period: to

    Bunroku Era

  • P'yongyang

    P'yongyang
    Japanese troops take P'yongyang but stop and wait for orders to enter China. However, Korean resistance is getting much stronger and the Korean navy is defeating the Japanese navy on numerous occasions.
    February 1593 Japanese troops are driven out of P'yongyang and back to Seoul by Chinese and Korean forces.
  • Hideyoshi heirs

    Hideyoshi heirs
    Hideyori (Hideyoshi's second and last son) is born to his mistress Yodogimi in Ôsaka. Hideyoshi has not been satisfied with Hidetsugu as he was brutal by nature and had been leading a disreputable life in Kyôto while Hideyoshi was in Kyûshû.
    Hidetsugu is ordered into exile on Kôyasan and then ordered to commit suicide. Shortly thereafter, Hidetsugu's entire family is executed and Jûrakudai is destroyed. Hideyori is named as Hideyoshi's heir.
  • Period: to

    Keicho Era.

  • Hideyoshi

    Hideyoshi
    Seeing that he was dying, Hideyoshi calls the five greatest daimyô (Tokugawa, Maeda, Môri, Uesugi, and Ukita) together and make them sign an oath to support Hideyori (then 6 years old). Ieyasu is appointed as Hideyori's guardian until he comes of age and can rule on his own.
    Hideyoshi dies at the age of sixty-three. Hideyori is now 5 years old. photo from: http://epicworldhistory.blogspot.com/2012/04/toyotomi-hideyoshi-japanese-general.html
  • assassination attempts

    assassination attempts
    Charges are brought against Ieyasu that he is arranging marriages for political ends, contrary to his pledge to support Hideyori. War is averted when the charges are retracted. An unsuccessful assassination attempt, prompted by Ishida Mitsunari, is made on Ieyasu as he goes to Ôsaka castle with Hideyori. Another unsuccessful assassination attempt is made against Ieyasu by Ishida Mitsunari. Mistunari is sent back to his home province of Sawayama (Hikone) but escapes further punishment
  • Battle of Sekigahara

    Battle of Sekigahara
    Ieyasu defeats his opponents at the battle of Sekigahara. He now controls virtually all of Japan, but publicly swears loyalty to Hideyori, who remains in Ôsaka Castle. photo from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sekigahara
  • Final Battle

    Final Battle
    Uesugi Kagekatsu begins preparations to attack Ieyasu from his fief in Aizu, to which he had recently retired. Learning of this, Ieyasu begins planning an attack himself.
    Ieyasu leaves Ôsaka with an army to attack Uesugi. He leisurely marches his troops to Edo, arriving in mid-August.
    Convinced that other allies were controlling the Uesugi army in Aizu, Ieyasu orders his troops and other allies to head west in order to meet Ishida Mitsunari and his supporters in Mino Province.