AP Euro History Timeline Project

  • 1453

    Fall of Byzantine Empire

    Fall of Byzantine Empire
    This event...
    - caused the Ottoman Turks to spread rapidly throughout Europe and the Middle East
    - allowed Turks to try to complete their conquest of the Balkans
    - effected trading in Europe
  • 1486

    Oration on the Dignity of Man

    Oration on the Dignity of Man
    This book...
    - helped Renaissance thinkers use ancient Greek and Roman models to shape a new world
    - created faith in the potential of humans
    - was an example of humanism and how people could use the ¨gifts¨ God gave them to do great things
  • 1492

    Columbus´ First Voyage

    Columbus´ First Voyage
    This Journey...
    - inspired other countries like France and England to voyage to the New World in hopes of riches
    - brought diseases to the Natives, killing more than 90% of them
    - caused the enslavement of many native people
  • 1492

    Columbus´s First Voyage

    This event is the most important event of the 15th century because it was the starting point of European exploration in the New World. When he ¨discovered¨ America, it started the exploration of the New World. It caused countries to colonize, claim land, and start trade there. The trade from the New World created a lot of wealth for the countries who exported and imported there.
  • 1517

    Ninety-Five Theses

    Ninety-Five Theses
    These writings...
    - spread the ideas of Lutheranism around Europe
    - led to the Diet of Worms
    - helped start of the Protestant Reformation
  • 1518

    Cortez conquers Aztecs

    Cortez conquers Aztecs
    This event...
    - influenced language, religion, and culture on the Natives
    - gave Spain control over a lot of land
    -encouraged countries to travel to this new land
  • 1534

    Act of Supremacy

    Act of Supremacy
    This act...
    - declared English Monarchs as the head of the Church of England
    - established the Church of England as a separate church from Rome
    - allowed Henry to receive all the wealth and property that was once the Churchs
  • 1543

    On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres

    On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
    This book...
    - challenged the earlier beliefs that the Earth was the center of the universe
    - questioned the Church´s theories
    - confirmed the idea of a heliocentric universe
  • 1545

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    This event...
    - banned the selling of indulgences and indulgence sellers
    - rejected Protestant ideas and beliefs like ¨justification by faith¨
    - stated that all the sacraments were important and useful
  • 1555

    Peace of Augsburg

    Peace of Augsburg
    This event...
    - established the Lutheran Church as an alternate religion to Catholicism in Germany
    - allowed German leaders to chose the religion for their state
    - settled the religious turmoil between Catholics and Protestants
  • Edict of Nantes

    Edict of Nantes
    This edict...
    - ended religious wars and introduced religious toleration in France
    - gave Protestants freedom to worship, just not in Paris
    - allowed Protestants to hold political offices
  • Defenestration of Prague

    Defenestration of Prague
    This event...
    - further separated Catholics and Protestants
    - caused a revolt against Ferdinand II
    - led to the Thirty Years´s War
  • English Civil War

    English Civil War
    This war...
    - led to the trial and execution of Charles I
    - replaced the monarchy with the rule of the Commonwealth, Oliver Cromwell is made ¨Lord Protector¨
    - made parliament a stronger force with more power and authority in the government
  • Peace of Westphalia

    Peace of Westphalia
    This treaty...
    - made territory, wealth, and alliances secularized
    - allowed German states to choose the religion of their land
    - created tolerance for Calvinists and Protestants
  • Ottoman Siege of Vienna

    Ottoman Siege of Vienna
    This war...
    - caused the Ottoman Empire to stop expanding through Europe
    - made Ottomans fall behind western Europeans
    - caused the decline of the Ottoman Empire and its power
  • Principia

    Principia
    This work...
    - helped people understand the laws of motion
    - formed the foundation of mechanics
    - created a modernized scientific method
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    This event...
    - led to William and Mary taking the throne
    - created limited power for the monarchy
    - changed the English government from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy
  • Essay Concerning Human Understanding

    Essay Concerning Human Understanding
    This essay...
    - influenced many enlightenment philosophers
    - introduced the ¨blank slate¨ theory
    - led to the skepticism of the knowledge that defined the Enlightenment
  • Peace of Utrecht

    Peace of Utrecht
    This treaty...
    - decreased France´s power in Europe
    - recognized Queen Anne as the rightful leader of Great Britain
    - helped end the War of the Spanish Succession
  • Seven Years War

    Seven Years War
    This war...
    - changed political relations with Britain and the colonies
    - put Great Britain and France in debt
    - gave Great Britain a lot of land in North America
  • The Social Contract

    The Social Contract
    The Social Contract...
    - inspired political revolutions in Europe
    - gave people the right to take political power from an unjust monarch or leader
    - influenced the development of the democratic theory
  • Steam Engine

    Steam Engine
    This invention...
    - allowed factories to be anywhere by replacing water power
    - helped build cities and towns around factories
    - benefited transportation like railroads
  • Wealth of Nations

    Wealth of Nations
    This book...
    - created the ideas for laissez-faire economics
    - helped individuals pursue their own economic self-interest to benefit society and themselves
    - anticipated the industrial age
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    This event...
    -helped create the new Constitution
    - created the base for the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
    - led to the storming of the Bastille
  • Reign of Terror

    Reign of Terror
    This event...
    - created the Committee of Public Safety
    - led to the Directory's rule
    - led to Napoleon's rule over France
  • Napoleon's coup

    Napoleon's coup
    This event...
    - ended the Revolutionary Era
    - gave Napoleon power as First Consul
    - overthrew the Directory
  • Napoleon's Invasion of Russia

    Napoleon's Invasion of Russia
    This invasion...
    - stopped Napoleon's march across Europe
    - resulted in Napoleon's first exile
    - ended French hegemony
  • Congress of Vienna

    Congress of Vienna
    This event...
    - restored the French throne to the Bourbons
    - abolished the slave trade
    - created a balance of power throughout Europe
  • 1848 Revolutions

    1848 Revolutions
    These revolutions...
    - led to the abolishment of feudalism in Austria and Prussia
    - aided to create the French Second Republic
    - failed to create democratic governments
  • Crimean War

    Crimean War
    This war...
    - caused the Russian Empire to lose many alliances
    - caused the decline of the Ottoman Empire
    - led to the Treaty of Paris, ending the war
  • Austro-Prussian War

    Austro-Prussian War
    This war...
    - resulted in Prussian control over German states
    - created the North German Confederation
    - created a shift in power from Austria to Prussia
  • Franco-Prussian War

    Franco-Prussian War
    This war...
    - overthrew the Second Government and created the Third French Republic
    - led to the unification of Germany and Italy
    - made the constitution Bismarck drafted for the North German Confederation the constitution for the new German Empire