American history

  • Civil War starts

    Civil War starts
    The war starts in fort sumpter. 7 states seceded and South Carolina was the 1st state to no longer be apart of the United States. Major Robert Anderson and men on the island refuse to leave. Lincoln sends supplies such as food and clothes to his soldiers. United States surrender and the first battle victory goes to the south.
  • Picketts charge

    Picketts charge
    After failing to defeat the union, he decided his last attack needed to be made. General George Pickett blamed Lee and never forgave him. This decision lead to failure not soon after. Overall there was over 5k casualties in 50 minutes.
  • Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan

    Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan
    President Johnsons plan were for both north and south. "The plan also gave southern whites the power to reclaim property, with the exception of enslaved people and granted the states the right to start new governments with provisional governors. Yet Johnson’s plan did nothing to deter the white landowners from continuing to economically exploit their former slaves" (
  • The 13th Amendment

    The 13th Amendment
    This 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States. Except with the exception of punishment for crime. "Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 only covered the 3 million slaves in Confederate-controlled states during the Civil War. The 13th amendment was the first of three Reconstruction amendments" (
  • Grandfather clause

    Grandfather clause
    This was to help the poorest whites still be able to vote, but not the blacks. This was considered the grandfather clause. It stated that if your grandfather was aloud to vote, then you could as well. This was unfair to the blacks because the blacks back then none of them were aloud to vote.
  • Alaskas secret

    Alaskas secret
    On this day, the United States agreed to buy Alaska to Russia for 7.2 million bucks. The person who made this happen was the secretary of Alaska. His name is William Seward.
  • Johnson’s impeachment

    Johnson’s impeachment
    President Johnsons impeachment the vote had started out with 126-47. The senate trial was in 11 weeks and they were one short with the votes. Meaning, he was still President after all. Tenure of office act Johnson broke! Which was why they were trying to get him impeached.
  • The transcontinental railroad

    The transcontinental railroad
    On May 10, 1869, The CPR and UPR met at Promontory
    Point, Utah. These two railroads started on opposite sides of the U.S. and finally came together to make it the first ever transcontinental railroad. The presidents of both railroads, Stanford and Durant, got the chance to swing at the last gold spike.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    This was the South’s first attempt to invade the North. Union soldiers find 3 cigars with paper inside of them. Lees plans were on those papers with the details he had to win the battle. It was the bloodiest single day of the whole war. Over 20k died.
  • Barbed Wire

    Barbed Wire
    November 28, 1874, Joseph Glidden received a patent for a new invention. He was able to describe his new invention as a “new and valuable improvement in wire fences.” The wire was to be twisted in shorter and make it spiked at the top to create spurs. This is when barbed wire was first invented.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    On March 4, 1877, Rutherford B. Hayes became President of the United States. He decided to withdraw federal troops which abandons blacks politically and economically.
  • Brooklyn Bridge

    Brooklyn Bridge
    John Roebling designed the longest suspension bridge in the world at this time. This bridge opened on May 24, 1883. During the making of this bridge John actually died and his son got very sick. His wife, Emily, made it through and was the first female to cross this bridge. She was able to finish it for her family.
  • Whites take over

    Whites take over
    On April 22, 1889, white settlers from all over, rushed to claim two million acres of land that was once belonged to Native Americans. The natives thought this was crazy because the whites were the ones to sell this land to them. But, once the whites realized how expensive this land really was, they came back and took over once more.
  • Ellis island opening

    Ellis island opening
    Ellis island opened on the first day of 1892. Annie Moore, a 17 year old girl was the first women to go through. Because of this, she was given a 10 buck coin.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). Louisiana was passing a law that blacks and whites should be separate in different train cars. Homer Plessy, who was 1/8 black, chose to
    challenge this law. He was then arrested to sitting in the whites only train car. He refused to move. Afterwards, he decided to sue and his case was taken all the way to the Supreme Court. But not soon after, he lost his case.
  • The teller amendment

    The teller amendment
    The teller amendment was the ruling over Cuba, Puerto Rico, Phillipins, etc. This amendment gave Cuba independence in 1899 for conclusion of war. This gave the United States control over the naval base in Guantanamo bay.
  • Spanish American War

    Spanish American War
    The congress declares war on Spain. This was considered the “awake United States”. Spanish navy trapped in Manila Bay and they were unable to get help.
  • Teddy Roosevelt 26th president

    Teddy Roosevelt 26th president
    Teddy Roosevelt became the 26th president on this day. The reason he became president was because former president McKinley was assasinated in buffalo. He was the youngest president ever at age 42.
  • Teddy and the Bear

    Teddy and the Bear
    Teddy Roosevelt was a hunter. One day the governor decided to take teddy out for a hunt in Mississippi. Roosevelt failed so many times that someone tied up a bear and offered for him to shoot it. Morris Michtom (a designer), heard this story and made up the teddy bear.
  • The Chrysler building

    The Chrysler building
    Over this period of time so many buildings were being built that were going out instead of up. Someone had the idea of making skyscrapers. This would help the problem of space because they would be building up instead of out. The Chrysler building was one of the very first skyscrapers to be built at this time.
  • John D. Rockefeller

    John D. Rockefeller
    John D. Rockefeller was born in 1839 and died on this day. He made a fortune in the oil industry. He was driven by a search for order and effeciency. John was concentrated on refining and transportation.
  • Hawaiis special day…

    Hawaiis special day…
    Hawaii admitted to the 50th state this day. This seems to be very good, but all the Hawaiians were angry because they wanted to stay separate from the others.
  • Ellis island reopening

    Ellis island reopening
    Ellis island was closed and opened back up multiple times due to population issues. On September 10, they opened this island back up for tourists to come see how people used to live.