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American History 2

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    The battle of Fort Sumter marks the beginning of the Civil War. It is located in Charleston, South Carolina. During the battle the Confederates fired cannons and it ended with the Union surrendering giving the Confederates the first win of the war.
  • The Building of the Transcontinental Railroad

    The Building of the Transcontinental Railroad
    The bill to start building the transcontinental railroad was signed on this date. The transcontinental railroad made transportation much easier across the US. The two companies that built it were the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific. This railroad only passed through one city which was Salt Lake City.
  • The Battle of Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest single day of the Civil War. This battle was the Confederate attempt to invade Maryland. This battle is known as one of the greatest threats to Washington D.C. (the Union’s capitol).
  • The Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction

    The Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction
    This proclamation was Lincoln’s plan for the unification of the United States after the war made before the end. This plan made it so that a new state government could be made once 10% of the eligible voters had taken an oath of allegiance to the United States. Tennessee ended up being the only state to come back into the country under this plan.
  • The End of the Civil War

    The End of the Civil War
    The end of the Civil War or Appomattox happened in the McLean household. Making so that the war started and ended on the McLean property. On this date, Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant met for the Confederates surrender and to negotiate the terms for the end.
  • The 13th Amendment

    The 13th Amendment
    On this date, the 13th Amendment was ratified. This amendment abolished slavery in the United States and all of its territories. It also banned any involuntary servitude except for as a punishment for a crime.
  • President Johnson’s Impeachment

    President Johnson’s Impeachment
    President Johnson was impeached by the House of Representatives for going against the Tenure of Office Act. This act was put in place to protect those in office from Lincoln’s Cabinet. But Johnson removed Edwin Stanton from office leading to his impeachment.
  • Barbed Wire Patented

    Barbed Wire Patented
    Joseph Glidden invented barbed wire. He patented his invention on this day. Barbed wire changed life in the west in both good and bad ways like making sure to keep the animals together but affecting the natives that used to roam the land.
  • The Brooklyn Bridge

    The Brooklyn Bridge
    The Brooklyn Bridge opened on this day. It was the longest suspension bridge at the time of it opening. It was 1,595.5 ft. It was designed by John Roebling and his son Washington Roebling was the chief engineer.
  • Ida B. Wells Sues

    Ida B. Wells Sues
    Ida B. Wells bought a first class ticket like she had done several times but this time she was asked to move but she refused. They were forcing her to move so she bit them and sued. She got a $500 settlement that later got overturned.
  • The Statue of Liberty Dedicated

    The Statue of Liberty Dedicated
    The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. It was for the 100 year anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. The full name of the statue is “The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World.” This was the date of its dedication.
  • The Oklahoma Land Rush

    The Oklahoma Land Rush
    On this day thousands of white settlers rushed to claim two million acres of land that once belonged to Native Americans. They would rush to the land they wanted and would remove the stake on the land and put their flag down to claim the land. This event symbolized the closing of the frontier.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    Homer Plessy was arrested for sitting in a whites only section on a train and refused to move when asked. He was only 1/8 black and did this to make a point. Hs sued and the case went all the way to Supreme Court. It was ruled that segregation was legal as long as it was “separate but equal.”
  • The Declaration of War on Spain

    The Declaration of War on Spain
    On this day the U.S. declared war on Spain. The Americans sympathized with Cuba when they heard of the things the Spanish governor of Cuba was doing. America sent a ship to watch over Cuba and when that ship sank Spain was blamed leading to the declaration of war.
  • The Spanish Fleet Destroyed

    The Spanish Fleet Destroyed
    At Manila Bay the Spanish fleet was destroyed. The Battle of Manila Bay was the first major battle of the Spanish-American war. The U.S. Asiatic Squadron lead by George Dewey defeated them.
  • Manila Surrendered

    Manila Surrendered
    Spain surrendered Manila to the U.S. This event lead to the end of the war and the Philippines being given to the U.S. This also lead to theTreaty of Paris being signed in December.
  • Women’s Suffrage Parade in D.C.

    Women’s Suffrage Parade in D.C.
    On this day there was a march for women’s suffrage that Ida B. Wells wanted to participate in. They were going to allow her but they were going to force her to stand in the back. She decided to just stand in the crowd and join in at the front instead.