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American History

  • Civil War Begins

    Civil War Begins
    At 4:30 am on April 12, 1861, the South shot cannons into Ft. Sumter trying to force the North out. After 34 hours of cannon fire, the Union surrendered. This was the least bloodiest day of the Civil War because no one died in cross fire.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam was the single bloodiest day of the Civil War. This battle alone resulted in about 23,000 casualties. It was fought between three places: Sunken Lane, The Bridge, and The Cornfield. The North won at the end of the day.
  • The 13th Amendment

    The 13th Amendment
    This is the amendment that ended slavery. Slavery was still legal but only as a punishment. This amendment was the first of the three Reconstruction amendments.
  • Civil War Ends

    Civil War Ends
    On April 9, 1865 the Civil War ended. General Lee surrender to General Grant. They sat down in the parlor at the McLean house in Appomattox and talked awhile. Eventually, Lee signed the papers and the war was over!
  • Discrimination Against Black Voters

    Discrimination Against Black Voters
    An act was signed by Lyndon Johnson that made it nearly impossible for black people to vote. This act included a literary test or a voters tax. Because most black people in the South were former slaves, they has no education so couldn't pass the literacy portion, and no money so they couldn't pay the voters tax.
  • Prescient Johnson’s Impeachment Trial

    Prescient Johnson’s Impeachment Trial
    On March 5 is when President Johnson’s impeachment trial began. Congress wanted to impeach him because he violated the tenure of office act. Congress also wanted him impeached because he was a weak prescient and there was always a constant power struggle between the two.
  • 14th Amendment Ratified

    14th Amendment Ratified
    The 14th Amendment allowed all us citizens to vote except women. This was major because it allowed black people vote even though the southerners didn’t want that to happen. It also said that no one could be deprived of life, liberty, or property which people down south didn’t want for ex-slaves.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn
    This battle was started by the Americans because they broke their treaty with the Natives. Custer lead his regiment of 647 into battle split into 3 batillions. Custer and his regiment fought against an encampment trying to croos the Little Bighorn RIver. They were brutally anihilated and the only thing to survive was a horse named Comanche.
  • Gunfight at the OK Corral

    Gunfight at the OK Corral
    The gun at he OK Corral started between the Earps and the Cowboy gang.This fight started because the Earps were responding to a threat from the Cowboys. It is one of the only gun fights in Wild West history and lasted around 30 seconds.
  • The Brooklyn Bridge

    The Brooklyn Bridge
    On May 24, 1883 the Brooklyn Bridge opened. This was the worlds longest suspension bridge at that time. It was designed by John Roebling, engineered by Washington Roebling, and finished by Emily Roebling. This was a huge breakthrough in engineering because there was a stigma surrounding suspension bridges prior to this.
  • Ida B Wells

    Ida B Wells
    On May 4, 1884 Ida B Wells was asked to move from the ladies only car on a train to the smoking car which was crowded with passengers. She refused to move and was forcibly moved by a member of the crew whom she ended up biting. She sued the train company and won $500. This event caused her to become very active in politics.
  • The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World

    The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World
    The Statue of Liberty was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. The statue was a gift from France to America and also a celebration of being independent from Britain for 100 years. It was completed October 28, 1886 and is still standing tall today on Liberty Island.
  • Closing the Frontier

    Closing the Frontier
    On April 22 thousands of white settlers took over the Oklahoma Indian Territory. They claimed over 2 million acres of Indian land. This event marked the end of the Frontier as there was no more open land left.
  • Plessy vs Ferguson

    Plessy vs Ferguson
    Homer Plessy was arrested for sitting in the whites only section of a train despite he fact that he was only 1/8th black. He sued the train company and the case went all the way to the supreme court. In this case, the supreme court ruled that segregation was legal as long as facilities were "separate but equal". This ruling would not be overturned until 1954.
  • The USS Maine

    The USS Maine
    The USS Maine was an American Navy ship in the Havana Harbor in Cuba. At this time there was tension between Spain and America. On February 15, 1898 this ship exploded and the Americans believed it was Spain's fault. It is now believed that the explosion came from the inside due to a malfunction with the boat.
  • The Teller Amendment

    The Teller Amendment
    The Teller Amendment was passed by President McKinley and it gave Cuba their independence. In return, Cuba had to sign the Platt Amendment. This limited their right to make treaties, borrow money, and gave the US control of the naval base in Guantanamo Bay.
  • The Foraker Act

    The Foraker Act
    Puerto Rico was one of the territories given to the US for winning the war. The Foraker Act passed in 1900 gave Puerto Rico their owner government. They were also given citizenship in 1917. Puerto Rico is still a territory of the US till this day.