American Government

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    It was used to proclaim certain liberties. It was also used to state that nobody could be punished exept by the law of the land. It was the first document forced unto the king.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    The first governing document of plymouth colony. The pilgrims who crossed the atlantic created it to make their rules. This sets up the structure of their colony.
  • Age of Enlightenment

    Age of Enlightenment
    An movement of intellectuals in Europe in the 18th century. It was thought to use power of reason to reform society and to gain knowledge.The enlightenment was started in Franc,where it was based in salons.It was when we were thinking for the first time.
  • Social Contract

    Social Contract
    A device that explains the relation of a person and their government. It was important for the rule that that political authority must be derived from the consent of the governed. It was writen by Jean Jacque Rosseau.
  • State of Nature

    State of Nature
    A term in the social contract to determine how humanity was before the states were found.Where there is no laws.
  • natural rights

    natural rights
    Certain rights that no government can deny. It describes what the laws would be if there was no laws.
  • Two treatises of government

    Two treatises of government
    A peice of political philosophy by John locke. The first treatise outlines patriarchalism or manarchy (one ruler with unlimited power or the head of the family). The other poses a theory of a government based on natural rights (our role).
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    A restatement of the Decleration of right. States the limit of power on the sovereign, rules for freedom of speech, and, the rights of Parliament.
  • The spirit of the laws

    The spirit of the laws
    This book was wrote by Baron De Montesquieu anonymously to fight censorship and was published in different languages.He talks about constitutionalism and seperation of powers.
  • Continental congress

    Continental congress
    A group of delegates that was the governing body for the U.S. during the revolution.They came together from the 13 colonies.
  • Common sense

    Common sense
    This book presented the idea of a revolution against the british when the idea of independence was undicided.Thomas Paines book started the revolutionary war and helped shape America.
  • Articles of confederation

    Articles of confederation
    This states how the government is supposed to operate. Nationalists complained it was too weak so it was replaced by the constitution.