American Education By Kalto Sep 1, 1600 Evolution of Hornbooks Hornbooks evolve; alphabet tacked to a piece of wood... later added more papers for prayers, etc. Aug 1, 1642 Law of 1642 Law of 1642--Parents and "masters" held accountable by law to make sure children are educated. Sep 18, 1700 Teacher Training 1.) White indentured servants bought passage to America agreeing to work as teachers to pay the debt. 2.)apprenticeships--studied usnder a schoolmaster for d10 years to become a schoolmaster. Aug 1, 1751 Ben Franklin establiches American Academy First Academy in the US to creat skilled workers; taught kids who weren't being educated in college prep schools; private schools; admitted girls; trained teachers. Jan 1, 1807 George Bell, Nicholas Franklin, & Moses Liverpool Free African Americans who established the first Black school house in Washington, DC Sep 18, 1820 Teaching Materials Slate stone framed with wood; students wrote assignments on them vs. table paper; later made blackboards. Jun 1, 1821 First American High School 3-yr courses in English, Math, Science, History, Philosophy, Chemistry, Logic, French, US Constitution; public schooling vs. the private Latin Grammer Schools. Nov 1, 1821 Troy Seminary for Women First higher education for women in the US; program equal to that of boy's schools. May 18, 1823 First Teacher Training Institution (normal school) in US; private school; entered right after elementary school; subjects similar to high school and had courses on pedagogy; did some student teaching. Sep 18, 1827 Law of 1827 Compels high school formation Sep 18, 1839 First publicly funded normal school 2-year course in teacher training Period: Sep 18, 1840 to Sep 18, 2012 In the US More private schools; home schooling movement; charter schools; continuing/adult education programs. Sep 18, 1852 Massachusetts Compulsory elementary school attendance law passed Sep 18, 1856 Tuskegee Institute Helping African American children compete in society; basic and industrial education. Sep 18, 1862 Morrill Land Grant Act Beginnings of federal involvement in schools; provided vocational education in each state where existing colleges did not (engineering, military, science, agriculture). Sep 18, 1868 14th Amendment Ensures people not be denied life, liberty, or property without due process. Sep 18, 1900 Teacher Training Institutions Most states by this time helped financially support teacher training institutions. Sep 18, 1905 Alfred Binet Developes Binet-Simon Scale to measure the mental ability of children; their intelligence quotient (IQ). Sep 18, 1938 B F Skinner publishes works on his behavioral theory focusing on outward behavior; students can be trained/ conditioned to learn about anything a teacher desires...break down learning into small steps.